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General Knowledge G. K Notes General Knowledge G. K Notes


General Knowledge Notes, objectives free download

General Knowledge G. K Notes


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Old 06-04-2010, 08:13 PM   #1 (permalink)
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Default General Knowledge Notes, objectives free download


G.K objectives for all MOUNTAINS
• Mount Olympus is in Greece.
• The mountain range in Russia that is regarded as the boundary b/w Europe & Asia is Urals.
• Margalla Hills of Islamabad are extension of Himaliya range.
• Ural mountains separate Asia from Europe.
• Ordovician are oldest rocks.
• Oldest mountain system are Araveli.
• Youngest mountain system are Himaliyas.
• Andes Mountains are in South America.
• Ring of Fire are volcanoes in Circum-Pacific Seismic belt.
• Alps are Europe’s largest mountain system.
• Atlas are North Africa’s mountain range. Atlas Mountains are in Morocco.
• The Himalaya mountain range (Asia) is the greatest mountain range in the world.
•
• Ayers Rock is the largest single rock in the world.
• Mauna kea volcano is in Hawaii
• What is the worlds longest mountain range-The Andes
•
• Black forest is a mountain in Germany.
• Rocky or Rockies Mountains is the largest mountain system of North America.
• Koh-i-Sultan is in Pakistan.
• Highest mountain system in the world is Himalayas.
• Sefid Koh is mountain range in Afghanistan.
• Blue Mountains are in Australia.
• Mauna Kea volcano is in Hawaii.
• What is the name of the second highest mountain in Africa-Mount Kenya
• In what modern country is mount Ararat-Turkey
• Most active volcano Italiana is situated in Hawaii.
• Mount Everest is in Himalaya range with height 29,028 feet first ascent made on May 29, 1953.
• K2 named Goodwin Austin or Chagori is in Karakoram Range with 28,250 ft height. First ascent made on July 31, 1954.
• Nanga Parbat is in Himalaya range is known as Killer Mountain with height 26,660 ft. First ascent was made on July 3, 1953.
• Broad Peak I is in Karakoram range with height 26,470.
• Tirich Mir is in Hindu Kush mountain.
• Prince Charles is mountain range in Antarctica.
• Zardak is the highest peak of Kirthar range.
• Where are the glasshouse mountains- Queensland Australia
•
IMPORTANT MOUNTAIN PASSES
• Namni Pass is in Myanmar.
• Khunjerab Pass is highest pas in Pakistan.
• Alpine Pass is in USA.
• Lowari Pass is in Pakistan.
• Khojak tunnel is in Balouchistan.
• Bolan (Sulaiman range) pass is in Baluchistan.
• Kolpur pass is in Baluchistan.
• Shandur Pass is in Pakistan.
• Donner pass is in California (USA)
• Hispar & Biafo glacier is in Pakistan.
• Siachen glacier is in Karakoram Range.
• Baltoro gracier is in Karakoram Range.
• Chogo Lugma is in Karakoram range.
• Hispar glacier is in Hunza.
• Malaspina glacier is in Alaska (US),
• Tasman glacier is in New Zealand.
• Alpine is the highest mountain pass in the world.
• Siachen, batoro and chogo lugma glaciers are in Karakorum.
• April 1984, India conducted an Operation known as 'Operation Meghdoot’ to capture Siachen.
• Siachen Glacier is the Worlds Biggest Glacier outside the two Poles. It is also the world's Highest Glacier that is why it is refered to as "The Third Pole." It is also the World's Highest Battle Ground Ever
• Africa is without glaciers.
• Highest point of Asia is Mount Everest (Nepal-Tibet).
• Mount Aconcagua, highest peak in the western hemisphere, located in the Andes Mountains of western Argentina, near the border with Chile.
• Bodpo La pass is highest pass in Tibet (China) with height 19,412.
• Vesuvius is a volcano in Italy.
• Swat valley is in the mountain range of... hindukash
• Saddle peak is highest peak in Anandaman & Nicobar islands.
• Karoko tao is a volcano in Indonesia.
• Approximately the south west monsoon begins in Pakistan in late July.

OCEANS
• Largest ocean is pacific, then Atlantic, Indian and then Arctic.
• Largest sea is South China Sea, then Caribbean Sea, then Mediterranean sea, Behring Sea Gulf of Mexico, Sea of Japan, Hudson Bay, East China Sea, Andaman Sea, then Black sea then Red sea and in the last Baltic sea.
• Sea of Japan is famous for fishing area.
• Total seas are 12.
• Bermuda Triange is located in Atlantic Ocean.
• Diego Garcia is in Indian Ocean.
• The deepest place in the Indian Ocean is Sunda Trench.
• Caspian Sea is located in Iraq-Azerbaijan, Turkmensitan, Kazakhstan & Russia.
• Caspian Sea is the largest salt water lake in the world.
• Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran, Russia & Azerbaijan.
• Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea- Black Sea
• What sea is directly north of Poland- Baltic sea
• Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean.
• Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean Sea.
• The waters of Caspian Sea are shared by Russia, Iran & Azerbaijan.
• What is the worlds largest sea (in area): South China
• Aral Sea is in Central Asia (Kazakhstan). Aral is an inland sea.
• What is the world's warmest sea- The Red Sea
• Aegean Sea is located in Atlantic Ocean.
• Sargasso Sea is without a coastline.
• Which of the following cause ocean currents? Permanent winds
• Nether land’s land is below sea level.
• Atlantic Ocean is called the “Herring Pond”.
•

FAMOUS SEA PORTS
• Abadan is in Iran.
• Alexandria is in Egypt.
• Antwerp is in Belgium.
• Aqaba is in Jordan.
• Bandar Bushehr is in Iran.
• Bristol is in UK.
• Cardiff is in UK.
• Plymouth is in UK
• Le Harve is in France.
• Marseilles is in France.
• New Orleans is in USA.
• Penang is in Malaysia.
• Chalna is in Bangladesh.
• Dammam is in Saudi Arabia.
• Glasgow is in UK.
• Hambrug is in Germany.
• Hochi Minh is in Vietnam.
• Honolulu is in USA.
• Latakia is in Syria.
• Phildelphia is in USA.
• Port Said is in Egypt.
• Rio-de-Janeiro is in Brazil.
• Rotterdam is in Netherlands.
• Tartous is in Syria.
• Valparaiso is in Chile.
• Yokohama is in Japan.
• Zadar is in Croatia.
• Pondicherry is in India south of Chennai.
• Port Hercourt is the 2nd largest port of Nigeria.
• Darwin is the sea port of Australia.
• "Haifa" is the seaport of which country? Israel.
• Seattle sea pot.... USA
• Santos is known as the “Coffee Port” of the world.
• In which US state is its highest mountain- Alaska – Mount McKinley
• Dickson is the seaport of Malaysia.
• Tartus is the seaport of Syria.
•
FAMOUS STRAITS
• Palk Strait separates India from Sri Lanaka.
• Babul Mandab strait separates Arabia from Africa.
• Babel-Mandab strait leads into the Red Sea.
• Red sea is b/w Arabia and Africa.
• Davis Strait separates Greenland from Baffin Island.
• The Davis Strait lies between Canada and Greenland
•
• Messina strait separates Italy from Sicily.
• Johor strait separates Malaysia from Singapore.
• Bass Strait separates Australia from Tasmania.
• Florida Strait separates Cuba from Florida. It joins Atlantic Ocean with Gulf of Mexico.
• Dover strait separates England from France.
• Gibraltar Strait separates Spain and Africa and joins Mediterranean Sea with Atlantic Ocean.
•
• Torres Strait separates Australia and Papua New Guinea
• Bering Strait separates Asia from Africa and joins the Red Sea and Persian Gulf.
• Bosporus Strait connects Black Sea with the Sea of Marmora.
• Dardanelles strait (Turkey) joins Marmora sea with Aegean Sea.
• Malacca (Indonesia) strait separates Sumatra from Malay Peninsula. It is longest strait in the world.
• Mozambique strait is the broadest strait in the world. It is b/w Mozambique and Madagascar.
• Sunda strait separates Sumatra from Java Island.
• 40% of world oil passes through... Strait of Hormuz
• The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz
• .
•
WORLD RIVERS
• Third world comprises of 70% of world population.
• Hamun Mashkel Lake (Baluchistan) is salt water lake.
• Most important crop of Nile delta is Cotton.
• Pak: is 4th among world’s largest cotton producers.
• A famous natural bridge is located in Virginia.
• Eskimos live in North America.
• Iberian Peninsula is a part of Europe.
• The number of CARS is five.
• Height of Islamabad is 2000 ft: above sea level.
• The Devil Tower present in US is a volcano.
• Hudson Bay is largest bay and is in Northern Canada.
• Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico.
• Grand Canal is oldest man made canal for shipping purpose in China.
• Shark bay is in Western Australia.
• English Channel separates England from France.
• Gulf of Sidra is in Libya.
• Red river is in USA.
• Gulf of lion is in France.
• Churchill water fall is in Canada.
• Danube River is in Romania (Europe). It pours into Black sea.
• The Volga is Europe longest river what is the second longest Danube
• Volga River is in Russia.
• What is the only river that flows both north and south of equator - The Congo
• New Zealand is situated in the region of Oceania.
• Oxus River (also called Amu Darya) is flowing between Afghanistan and Tajikistan. It is the largest river of central Asia.
• Bari Doab is the area lying between River Ravi and River Beas.
• SURMA is the name of a river.
• Windermere Lake is the largest lake of UK.
• What is France’s longest river: Loire
• Hundroo (Hundrubagh) Water Falls are in India.
• An iceberg floating in sea will have one-tenth of its mass above the surface of water.
• Jog Falls are the highest waterfalls in India.
• Which river is in Lebanon? River Latani
• Highest salinity is found in the Great Salt Lake in USA.
• Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin
• Madagascar is popularly known as the Island of Cloves
• Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin
• River Darling is in Australia.
• Gateway of Pacific is Panama Canal.
• Panama Canal links Pacific Ocean with Atlantic Ocean.
• Panama Canal was opened in 1914.
• Panama Canal links North America with South America.
• Amazon River crosses Equator twice.
• The Amazon river rises in which country-Peru
• Amazon River is largest river in terms of volume. It is in Brazil. It pours into Atlantic Ocean.
• The longest and largest river in Asia is Yangtze.
• The largest river in China is The Yangtze River.
• The Soan and the Haro are the two rivers of Potohar Plateau.
• Aswan dam is constructed on river Nile.
• World’s largest earth filled dam is Tarbela.
• Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South Africa.
• Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in world extending from Peru to Bolivia.
• Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. It is located in Siberia.
• Indus River pours into Arabian Sea.
• After Indus, the longest river is Sutlaj in Pakistan.
• The longest river in South Asia is the Brahmputra.
• Nile River pours its water into Mediterranean Sea.
• Don River pours its water into Sea of Azov.
• Tigris River pours its water into Caspian Sea.
• Lake Mead is a man-made largest lake in the world.
• The largest river in France is Lore
• Most populated lake is Lake Eire.
• Suez Canal is 170 Km long constructed in 1869.
• The Suez Canal was constructed in 1869.
• The Suez Canal link the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. The Canal was constructed by a French Engineer, Ferdinand De Lesseps.
• The Suez Canal was nationalized by Col. Nasser on 26th July, 1956.
• Mariana trench is the deepest part in the ocean and it lies in Pacific Ocean. It is also called the deepest seafloor depression in the world.
• River Zambezi flows in Southeast Africa.
• Euphrates flows in Syria and Iraq.
• Mesopotamia is the region b/w Tigris & Euphrates.
• Mississippi river flows in USA. Mississippi is longest river of America.
• Missouri river flows in USA
• Hudson River flows in USA.
• Lake Michigan flows in USA.
• Golden River flows in Alaska, Canada.
• In what country are the Painted Lakes- Indonesia
• Name the river that flows through Baghdad- Tigris
• What city has the most canals- Birmingham
• Suez Canal was acquired by Britain in 1875 and nationalized by Egypt in 1956. It remains closed 1967-75 after Arab Israel War.
• Thames River is in England.
• Seine River is in France.
• Hang He river is in China.
• Victoria Lake forms boundary line b/w Tanzania and Uganda.
• Victoria Lake is in Africa.
• Source River Jehlum is Verinag.
• Lake Superior is the largest fresh water lake in the world. It is located in North America (USA-Canada).
• Lake Victoria is located in Kenya-Tanzania and Uganda.
• Great Bear Lake is located in Canada.
• Huron Lake is in USA-Canada.
• In which country would you find Lake Disappointment Australia
• The Amazon river dolphins are what colour- Pink
• Which of the following rivers rises in lake Lan-Ka Tso in Tibet? Sutlej
• Volga river pours its water into Caspian Sea it is longest river of Europe.
• Don is a river of Russia.
• Lake Erie (N.America) is most polluted lake in the world.
• Lake Mead on the Arizona-Nevada is largest man-made lake in USA.
• Baikal Lake is in Siberian desert.
• Palk Bay lies b/w Gulf of Mannar and Bay of Bengal.
• Panama Canal connects Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean.
• 3- Gorges Dam is in .. China
• Indus originates from Tibet near Mansorowar Lake.
• The Victoria Falls in Africa is located on river Zambezi. It is the highest fall of Africa.
• Mt Merapi is located on Java.
• What is the longest river in Australia- Murray-Darling
• Gulf Stream is an ocean current named after the Gulf of Mexico.
• The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains is the highest lake in the world.
• Aswan dam is in Egypt.
• Word Tsunami is of Japanese language.
• Largest coral reef is in Australia.
• Colorado River forms Grand Canyon.
• River Rhine is in Western Europe.
• The Victoria Falls is located in Zimbabwe.
• Highest fall of world Angel Falls is on river Carrao Venezuela.
• Niagara fall is in North America b/w America & Canada.
• Ribbon fall is in North America.
• Silver Strand fall is in North America.
• Grand Canal is located in People’s Republic of china.
• After Australia, Europe is the smallest continent.
• ‘Victoria falls’ is located in Rhodesia.
• Deccan Plateau is in Asia.
• Asia is the largest continent and covers about 1/3 of the world’s total land area.
• Both the highest and lowest points on the earth are found in Asia.
• The lowest point of Asia is Dead Sea which is about 397 meter below sea level.
• Dead sea lying b/w Israel and Jordan.
• Asia Minor is a geographical expression, a part to Turkey.
• The world’s longest river, the Nile is located in Africa.
• Africa is also known as Dark Continent.
• Highest point of South America is Mount Aconcagua (Argentina) and lowest point is Valdes Peninsula (Argentina).
• Highest Point of North America is Mount Mckinley and the lowest point is Death Valley (California, USA).
• Highest point of Africa is Kibo, a peak of Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) and lowest point is Lake Assal (Djibouti).
• Highest point of Europe is Mount El’brus and the lowest point is Caspian Sea.
• Highest point in Antarctica is Vinson Massif.
• Highest point in Australia is Mount Kosciusko (New South Wales) and the lowest point is Lake Eyre (South Australia).
• The lowest point of the North America is the Death Valley located in California.
• Danube River flows in Austria.
• Victoria River is the chief source of River Nile.
• Dardanelles connects black Sea and Mediterranean.
• Black sea is so called because a dense fog prevails there in winter.
• The river Jordan flows out into the Dead sea
• River Mekong flows in Vietnam.
• River Thames flows in Southern England.
• River boat Gondola is used in Italy’s city Venice.
• Hydespes River is now called the Jhelum River.
• The length of Panama Canal is 50072 miles.
• At the equator, the equation of the day is 12 hours.
• Meridan means mid-day.
• Shale is not a metamorphic rock.
•
FAMOUS ISLANDS
• St. Helena is in Atlantic Ocean.
• Largest island in Indian Ocean is Madagascar.
• Sumatra is an island in Indonesia.
• The largest island in the world Greenland is located in North America. (chk)
• Greenland is geographically in America but politically in Europe.
• Kalaalit Nunaat (Greenland) Island (Denmark), the largest island is in North Atlantic
• New Guinea is world’s second largest island.
• Virgin Island is a group of 100 Island in W.Indies.
• Canary Island is in Spain.
• The largest Island in the Mediterranean Sea is Sicily.
• Malaqasv (Madagascar) is in Indian Ocean.
• Baffin is in North Atlantic Ocean (Canadian).
• Sumatra is in Northest Indian Ocean (Indonesia).
• Neaw Zealand is in South Pacific Ocean.
• Borneo Island is in Pacific Ocean.
• Honshu Island is in North West Pacific.
• Great Britain Island is in North Atlantic.
• Victoria Island is in Arctic Ocean.
• Baffin Island is in Atlantic Ocean.
• Ellesmere Island is in Arctic Ocean.
• Galapagos Islands are in Pacific Ocean.
• Indonesia consists of 1300 islands.
• World’s largest Delta is Sunderlands (India).
• Paracel Islands are of.... china vs Vietnam
• Which country owns the Hen and Chicken islands: North island New Zealand
• Indian city Mumbai consists of seven islands.
• The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river is Manhattan
• Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and the Bay of Bengal.
• Cathy Pacific is an island.
•
FAMOUS DESERTS
• Thar desert is located in Northwest India and East Pakistan
• Dsht-i-Lut desert is in Iran.
• The world’s largest desert Sahara is located in Africa.
• Rub Alkali desert is in Saudi Arabia.
• Kalhari desert is in South Africa.
• Gobi desert is in Mongolia & China.
• The Atacama Desert is located in North Chile, South America.
• What is the worlds oldest desert - country named after it-Namib
• Namib Desert is in South-West Africa.
• Simpson Desert is in Australia.
• Great Victoria Desert is in Australia.
• Kalhari desert is in South Africa.
• Arabian Desert is in Egypt.
• Death Valley desert is in California.
• Gibson Desert is in Australia.
• Great Sandy Desert is in Australia.
• Karakum desert is in Turkmenistan.
• Kavir Dasht Davir desert is in Iran.
• Nafud desert is in Saudi Arabia.
• Rub-el-Khali desert is in South Arabian peninsula.
• Sonoran desert is in Arizona to Mexico.
• Taklimankan is desert in China.
• Deserts in Asia are: Gobi, Karakum, Rub-al-Khali, Takla makan.
• Takla Makan desert is in Xinjing (China).
• Deserts in Africa are: Kalhari, Namib, and Sahara.
•
CITIES ON RIVER BANKS
• Venice stands on what river-The Arno
• New York is on River Hudson’s bank.
• Budapest is located on the bank of Danube river.
• Paris is situated on the river Rhine.
• River passing through Paris... The Siens
• Paris is located ont eh bank of Seine river.
• Agra is on the bank of Jamuna River.
• On river Danube Budapest is located.
• On river Siene Paris is located.
• Montreal is situated on the bank of river Ottawa
• The city of Bonn is situated in Germany
• Calcutta is situated on Hoogli River.
• Belgrade stands on the river Danube.
• Rome is located beside the river Timber.
• Attock lies on River Indus.
• Baghdad lies on Tigris.
• Bahawalpur lies on Sutlej.
• Basra lies on Shatt-al-Arab.
• Bedford lies on Danube.
• Berlin lies on Spree.
• Bonn (Germany) lies on Rhine.
• Brussels (Belgium) lies on Senno.
• Budapest (Hungary) lies on Danube.
• Cairo lies on Nile.
• Kolkata lies on Hoogli.
• Chittagong lies on Karnaphuli.
• Dhaka lies on Boori Ganga.
• Damascus lies on Barada.
• Delhi lies on Jumna.
• Hyderabad (Sindh) lies on Indus.
• Jhelum lies on River Jhelum.
• Kanpur lies on Ganges.
• Khartoom lies on Blue and white Nile.
• Lahore lies on Ravi.
• London lies on Thames.
• Mosul lies on Tigris.
• Paris lies on Seine.
• Rohri lies on Indus.
• Rome lies on Tiber.
• Tokyo lie on Sumida.
• Sukkur lies on Indus.
• Washington lies on Vistula.
• Wazirabad lies on Chenab.
• Dublin is situated at the mouth of river Liffey
• Moscow is situated on the bank of river Moscow.
• Khartoum is situated on the bank of Nile River.
• Bhawalpur is situated at the bank of Sutlej.
• What city is at the mouth of the Menam river- Bangkok
•



GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERIES
• Eric the Red discovered Greenland.
• Marco Polo (Italian) reached China through India.
• Vescoda gama (Portuguese) discovered sear route from Europe to India.
• Pedro Alvarez Cabral (Portuguese) discovered Brazil.
• George Lord Anson (English) sailed around the earth.
• Charles A.Lindberg (American) made first non-stop solo flight across the Atlantic.
• Various (Portugese) discovered Sri Lanka.
• C.F. Blair (US) made the first solo flight over the Arctic. Sir Vivian Fuchs and Edmund Hillary (US) first crossing of the Antarctic continent.
• G.H. Wilkins (Australian) flew over the South Pole.
• CIS are landlocked countries of Asia.

WORLD COUNTRIES
• Buckingham palace is the residence of British king and Queen is in London.
• 10 Downing Street is the residence of British PM.
• Queen’s house is the official residence of Sri Lankan president.
• Great Wall of China was built in the reign of Shih Huang-ti
• Blue House is the official residence in .. South Korea
• Istana Merdeke is the official residence of President of Indonesia.
• Elysee palace is the name of the residence of Franch President.
• What country’s leader does not have an official residence: Cuba
•
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
• Ambati Balamyrali is the youngest (17-years old) doctor of Indian origin in the world who received his medical degree from Mount Sinai, New York.
• Ambedkar, B.R is known as the architect of the Indian Constitution.
• Apsra is the first nuclear reactor of India.
• Aquaculture refers to fish-farming or fish culture.
• Baku is famous for the production of petroleum.
• Blue revolution relates to fish farming.
• Borlaug, Norman Ernest was American agricultural scientist t and winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1970. He was one of those who laid the groundwork of the Green Revolution.
• Buoy stands for a man serving in any hotel for luggage transportation or as a guide.
• Chakmas are refugees from Bangladesh settled in India.
• Charar-e-Sharief is the Dargah of Sufi saint Sheikh Nooruddin Wali in Kashmir.
• Charminar is located in Hyderabad (India).
• Chernobayl is a Russian city having a nuclear power plant where a tank of readioactive waste exploded in April, 1993. This explosion is known as “Chernobyl Disaster”.
• Chris Patten was the last British Governor of Hong Kong.
• It is summer season in Australia during Christmas.
• Churchill was PM of U.K during WWII. He is known to have said “ I have nothing to offer except blood, sweat and tears.”
• Conditioned Reflex is the term mainly discussed in Psychology.
• Cross-breeding is to be done for achieving quick increase in milk production.
• Crystal oscillator is in electric watch, the component corresponding to pendulum of a pendulum clock.
• The production of cultured pearls is an important cottage industry of Japan.
• Debenture is a certificate issued by a company promising the payment of a specified amount at a fixed rate of interest after a specified period.
• A deflector is a technique of adjusting for changes in price level.
• Desdemona is a character in the Shakespeare’s play Othello.
• Dicky Dolma is the youngest woman climber of Mt. Everest.
• Dr. Watson is a fictional character created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
• Dunkel Draft relates to international trade.
• Dzongkha is the official language of Bhutan.
• E.T.A is a terrorist organization in Spain.
• Elephant’s tusks are called enlarged cartilaginous bones.
• Erasmus was a Dutch writher. His Praise of Folly is still read.
• Esperanto is an artificial international language created to act as world language.
• Euro is the name of New Single European Currency launched on January 1, 1999.
• Every Street is paved with Gold was authored by Kim Woo-Chung, founder of Daewoo.
• Exfoliation is a type of weathering common both in the cold and in the hot climate regions.
• Exit Poll is a term used to denote a post-election survey of voters regarding the candidate in whose favour they had exercised their franchise.
• The readings of a Fahrenheit and a Centigrade temperature is the same at -40°.
• Gregory Mendel is called the Father of Genetics.
• Fenugreek seeds can benefit a patient of diabetes mellitus by normalizing his blood sugar level.
• Powder-type fire extinguisher is used for petroleum fire.
• India occupies first position in the world in the production of tea.
• It is the President and not the PM who presides over the cabinet meetings in France.
• Sigmund Freud founded the technique of pshychoaralysis.
• Guemica is a painting by Pablo Picasso.
• Ikebana is the Japanese art of flower arrangement.
• Inflation means an increase in the amount of paper money which tends to raise general price level of commodities. It is a comparative figure showing cost of living, production prices, etc as compared with a base year. Debtors are likely to benefit by Inflation.
• Zero Rate Inflation obtains necessarily in a year where the annual rate of inflation is constant in every week of the year.
• ISBN: International Standard Book Numbering is an internation system by which a distinct identifying number is assigned to each book.
• Jain Commission was associated with probing the conspiracy angle of the Rajiv Gandhi assassination.
• James Bond is a character in the novels written by Ian Fleming.
• Jana-gana-mana is India’s National Anthem.
• Jantar Mantar is an observatory in Delhi constructed in 1724 during the days of Maharaja Jai Singh II of Amber.
• Thomas Jefferson authored American Declaration of Independence.
• Jurassic Park was directed by Steven Spielberg.
• Kabalega is a National Park of Uganda.
• Kalidas was the greatest of the Sanskrit daramatist. He authored Shakukntala, etc.
• Kalinga Prize is awarded for popularization of science each year by UNESCO.
• Gary Kasparov is associated with Chess.
• Dr. V. Kurein is associated with Dairy Farming.
• Bhutan is called the “Land of Thunder Dragon”.
• Laos is the only land-locked country in South-East Asia.
• Last Supper is a famous Renaissance painting by Leonardo da Vinci.
• Leningrad is a famous town in Russia situated on the bank of river Neva.
• LIBOR is the basic interest rate on interbank loans in London.
• Lifeline Express is the world’s first hospital on rails operated in India.
• G.J. Mendel is known as founder of genetics.
• Meri Ekyaven Kavitayen is collection of poems of Atal Behari Vajpayee.
• Milk is an example of emulsion.
• Missionaries of Charity is the religious order established by Mother Teresa.
•
• Montesquieu gave the theory of separation of power.
• Mother Teresa was born in Albania in 1910.
• New Moore Island is situated in the Bay of Bengal.
• Parliament of Switzerland is known as Federal Assembly.
• Pasumpatinath temple is in Nepal.
• Photolysis is dissociation of water molecule in the chemical reaction of photosynthesis.
• Pierry Cardin is famous fashion designer.
• Pondicherry is the Union Territory of India which has a legislature.
• India has 16% of world’s population.
• Postal Zone is indicated by the first two digits from left of the Pincode.
• Eyes of potato are used for vegetative propagation.
• Prunning is associated with the cultivation of tea.
• The concept of Public Interest Litigation originated in UK.
• Pulitzer Prizes are awarded to Americans for excellence in journalism.
• Quill feathers are on the wing and tail of birds and are helpful during their flight.
• Red Cross Movement was launched by J.H. Dunant.
• Saw-scaled viper is the only snake that builds a nest.
• Scenes from a writer’s life is the autobiography of Ruskin Bond.
• The average salinity of sea water is 3.5%.
• Gram, Pea and Soyabean group of seeds are richer in protein than Rice and Maize.
• A team of men in opposition to take over the different portfolios in case the party is able to wrest power is known as Shadow Cabinet.
• Shahtoosh is the finest, warmest and lightest wool in the world produced in Uzbekistan.
• If a ship desires to travel the shortest route, it must follow longitude connecting the two joints b/w which travel is to be undertaken.
• Vatican is the smallest country in the world in terms of area.
• Snake is a limbless reptile.
• USA is the world’s principal producer of Soyabean.
• Stromboli is a volcano in Sicily.
• Tape worm has no digestive system because it is a saprophyte.
• The Road Ahead is written by Bill Gates.
• Torah is the sacred book of the Parsis.
• United Kingdom consists of England, Northern Island, Scotland & Wales.
• Wheatstone Bridge is used to measure resistances.
• Xenophobia is fear of today’s technology.
• In Lawrence of Arabia Nobel Laureate Pearl S.Buck collaborated.
• Length of a terrestrial mile is lesser than that of a nautical mile.
• Bhakta Tukaram was a contemporary of Aurangzeb.
• Universal Product Code (UPC) is adopted against adulteration in eatables.
• Dolby B or Dolby C is printed on tape recorders and other sound systems refers to Noise reduction circuit.
• The new administrative capital proposed for Myanmar is Pyinmana.
• Bulgaria and Greece are disputing over the historical Macedonian territory.
• Historical materialism is a tenet of Marxims- approach to study mankind with respect to society, economy and history.
• Lightning is formed when strong opposite charges in different clouds break down the resistance offered by intervening air.
• John Locke published a famous pamphlet known as ‘Right of Mass’ and urged the people in England, America and France to fight for their liberty.
• Eli Whitney of America invented the cotton gin that separates seeds from cotton three hundred times faster that by hand in 1793.
• In terms of the evolution of organism bat is the most advanced among pigeon, shark & vultures.
• Large aperture telescopes are used for greater resolution.
• Anton van Leeuwenhoek first time saw bacteria through a microscope made by him in 1683.
• A seed is a ripened ovule.
• Mr. Barack Hussein Obama is America’s 44th President.
• Pea can fix nitrogen from air.
• Exbiology is the study of life or its possibility on other planets.
• Sandy soil is dry in comparison to clay due to Capillary action.
• The framers of the Constitution borrowed the idea of judicial review from the Constitution of USA.
• Savana grasslands are found in Africa.
• The production of cultured pearls is an important cottage industry of Belgium.
• When two organisms exit in such a way that only one is benefited by the other, the relationship is called Parasitism.
• Qutub Minar made by Iltutmish, Gol Gumbaz made by Mohammad Adil Shah, Buland Darwaza made by Akbar and Moti Masjid made by Aurangzeb.
•
• El Nino is associated with world weather.
• The Red Fort was built by Shahjehan.
• 200th anniversary of the scientist in 2009.... Charles Darwin
• BIN is the intelligence agency of.... Indonasia
• Silicon valley in California is famous because of Software Industry
• In 2008 monarchy ended in a country after 240 years... Nepal
• Country celebrating 50th anniversary of communist revolution... Cuba
• Pearl Harbor is in the state of USA.... Hawaii
• The term Intifada means... Uprising
• Hamas was founded by.. Sheikh Ahmad Yasin in 1987.
•
• Likud and Kaldima parties belong to... Israel
• Cities of Afghanistan border along with Pakistan border......?????
• Which city of Afghanistan produces most opium... Helmand
• Transit trade agreement b/w pak and afghan in....1965
• Oldest organization among OIC, ECO, SAARC and D8 ........OIC
• Tamils are fighting in which are of Srilanka... Jaffana
• Naxalite movement is in ... India
• Teges is the currency of.... Kazikhstan
• Hemmant Thakare was the... Chief of Indian Squad during Mumbai drama
• The Idea of AESM meeting organization was given by a person of country...Singapore....?????
• World Bank president is .... Zollick
• Petticoat government is the government by... Woman
• Brain Drain is.. migration of skilled labour
• Russia is worried about the Missile defence system of US in.....poland and czech republic.
• Russia gives oil to Europe through the route of... Ukraine
• Khar is in ... Bajur
• The word Philately means.. Stamps collection
• Study of Human races.... Ethnology
• Marco Polo was.. Traveler
• East India Company was established during the period of ... Jehangir
• Operation cast lead was the name which killed 1400
• Winner of 8-oscar awards movie in 2008....Slum dog Millionaire
• Madam Tausand museum is in .. London
• 1-metric ton is equal to...1000kgs
• UN spends $8-billion every year on........peacekeeping..??????
• US under agreement of partnership with Pakistan will give .........opportunity zones Recently Pakistan is aided by 200mw by.. UAE
• Oldest anthem in the world is.... Netherlands
• Hung Parliament is....No single party has the majority
• Country with the largest Kurd population... Iraq
• Country recently elected to IAEA.... Afghanistan
• Country with which Pakistan is having most of his trade.... USA...?????
• Karachi Nuclear Power plant is with the help of ... Canada
• A country closed her station for USA... Kyrgyzstan
• World economic crisis was due to... Housing and mortgage problem in USA
• African Union President.... Moammar Gadhafi
• Oil company Aramaco is of.. Saudi Arabia
• The country with foreign reserves of above $2 trillion... Japan
• Khmer Rouge was attacked by.... combodia's communist party

• Statement to combat terrorism by task forces.... Zardari
• A place between the seven wonders..???????
• Russian News agency.....Itar-Tass
• Israel peace process with palestine was stalled....size of palestinian state
• A persons name was written and was asked about the organisation... red cross,
scouts, CNN, etc
• Obama's convoy to Middle East.... John Mitchel
• National Income of the country is...all income earn in year
• Petra is a new archaelogical place in the country..... Jordan
• Madhya Pradesh is the largest state in India (by area); Uttar Pardesh (by population)
• Sigmund Freud, physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist and father of psychoanalysis, is generally recognized as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century and the father of modern psychology.
• The term digital divide refers to the gap between people with effective access to digital and information technology and those with very limited or no.
• Which gas company of Russia supplies gas to European states? Gazprom
• Which famous character is produced by J.K Rowling? Harry Potter
• Which Railway line connects Pakistan and Iran? The Quetta-Zahedan line connects Pakistan and Iran by railway
• In which state of USA Hollywood is located? California.
• What is Ivy league? Ivy League is the name generally applied to eight universities (Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Pennsylvania, Princeton, and Yale) that over the years have had common interests in scholarship as well as in athletics.
• Which female PM served for the longest period of time in the world? Margret Thature.
• Which member of Gandhi family died a natural death? None.
• Smeary (Dajla & Euphrates), Indian/Mohinjodaro. (Gangies & Sindh) were flourishing at the banks of the mighty rivers.
• Which of the Mughal emperor is burried outside the present Pak and India territory? Babur at Bagh-e-Babur (Kabul) (Afghanistan) & Bahadur Shah Zafar (Yangoon).
• What is the freezing point of heavy water? Freezing point (°C) 3.82, Boiling point (°C) 101.4
• A pariah state is one whose conduct is considered to be out of line with international norms of behavior.
• What name is given to the place of 9/11? Ground Zero
• Gestapo" was the secret police of which country? Germany.
• Khalil Jibran belonged to which country? Lebanon
79.What it is called when Stock Exchange is going down? Bearish
• Akelman desert is in which country? China
• When did Greenwich Meridian Watch start to work? 1884
• What is Evangelicals?
• Which monarchy has recently allowed females to rule?
• Which was the native town of Babar? Farghana
• Who is considered as the Leader of modern Chinese economy? Deng Xiaoping
• When did Crusade begin? 1099
• When for the first time 'Doctrine of Necessity" was used in Pakistan? Mulvi Tameez-ud-din case
• How many zero'z are in 1 trillion? 12 zero
• What Chinese Muslims are called in province ____of China?province= Xinjiang Uygur, muslims named as = Geys' Mazars
• The conquest of China, begun under Genghis, was completed 65 years later under KUBLAI KHAN.
• How many members were in the UN when it was established? 51
•
•
• South Pole is in Antactica.
• Tallest tree is Redwood.
• East Timore got independence from Indonesia.
• Kosovo got indidependence from Yogoslavia.
• Asia’s population is 58.6% of world population.
• Asia size is 29.5% of the world.
• Average temp: on siachen is -40 degree Celcius.
• Siachen means place of wild roses.
• India and Pak: are fighting on Siachen since 1984.
• India launched operation Vidhara on Siachen in 1984.
• Length of line of control is 720 km.
• All parties Huriyat Conference is a party of 23 parties.
• % of Muslims in Jammu & Kashmir is 95%.
• Afghan ruler at the time of USSR invasion was BArbark Kermal.
• Taliban regime came into power in 1996.
• Second largest ethinc group in Afghanistan is Tajik.
• Intifada means uprising.
• PLO established in 1964 its HQ is in Rammalah.
• Al-Fateh was established in 1958.
• PLO was expelled by Jordon.
• Hazbullah means Party of God.
• Yasir Arafat passed away in Paris on 11 Nov: 2004.
• Hamas was formed in 1987.
• Egypet is both in Africa & Asia (Northeastern Africa & Southwestern Asia). Sinai Peninsula is the part of Egypt that lies in Asia.
• Only African country that remained independent during colonial rule was Ethiopia.
• UAE comprises of 7 states.
• Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980.
• Protectorate state of world is Bhutan.
• Temple of Tooth(Budha’s tooth) is at Kandy.
• Napoleon was exiled to St: Helena in Mediterranean in 1814-15.
• Leif Eriesson reaced North America.
• Columbus discovered South America in 1494.
• Sir Hugh Willoighby & Richard Chancellor discovered white sea and ocean route to Russia.
• Wiiliam Janszoon discovered Australia.
• Abel Taman discovered Newzealand, Tongo & Fiji in 1642.
• Confucianism is found in China & Taiwan.
• Jesus Christ was born at Bethalhem, Jerusalem.
• Gautam Siddharta Buddha was born in Nepal.
• Shintoism is in Japan.
• Roman Empire was established in 27 B.C by Octavian.
• Mughals ruled India for 331 years.
• Opium war waged from 1839-42 b/w China & Britain.
• Boston Tea Party event is related to American Independence.
• First WW lasted for 4 years.
• Germany was defeated by England in a naval fight in 1916 in battle of Jutland.
• Shortes ever war fought that lasted for 6 days Arab-Israel war.
• First civil war among Muslims was battle of Jamal.
• In 1845 British defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore in the battle of Sabraon.
• Where can you find London bridge today: USA ( Arizona )
• Which animal lays eggs: Duck billed platypus
• What do deciduous trees do Lose their leaves in winter
• How many feet in a fathom Six
• Christopher Columbus sailed in the Nina - Pinta and Santa Maria
• Which leader died in St Helena: Napoleon Bonaparte
• What does ring a ring a roses refer to: The Black Death
• What would you do with a maris piper :Eat it - it’s a potato
• What is the currency of Austria: Schilling
• What is the Islamic equal to the red cross: Red Crescent
• What are Munroes: Mountains in Scotland
• What does an alopecia sufferer lack Hair
• What is a baby rabbit called Kit or Kitten
• Which country had The Dauphin as a ruler France
• What is a Winston Churchill Cigar
• Who or what lives in a formicarium Ants
• It’s a flock of sheep what's a group of owls called Parliament
• What animal would you find in a form- Hare
• John browe minnoch (1941-83) of USA was the heaviest man. He weighted 635 kgs.
• The first product to have a bar code was Wrigley's gum.
• The Mona Lisa has no eyebrows. It was the fashion in Renaissance Florence to shave them off.
• The cigarette lighter was invented before the match
• Every drop of seawater contains approximately 1 billion gold atoms
• The US national anthem actually has three verses, but everyone just knows the first one.
• The total combined weight of the worlds ant population is heavier than the weight of the human population.
• Buckingham Palace in England has over six hundred rooms
• The winter of 1932 was so cold that Niagara Falls froze completely solid
• Butterflies taste with their feet
• One of the countries through which equator passes is: Malaysia
• Clocks, which moves with the velocities comparable with the velocity of light, run: with zero velocity
• Humming bird belongs to a category called: Endotherm
• PERT is a technique used for which one of the following? Project Management
• Han myung has become the first woman prime minister of south korea.
• At which international film festival is the ‘Golden Lion’ awarded to the best film? Venice Film Festival
• Which of the following planets takes nearly the same time for a rotation on its own axis as does the Earth? Mars
• Who was the founder of the Asiatic Society? William Jones
• Fortis Hospitals chain is an enterprise of Ranbaxy
• The major natural regions of the world are delineated primarily on the basis of temperature, rainfall and cultivated vegetation
• The agreement between India and China, by which both accepted Panchsheel as the basis of their relations, was signed in 1954
• Which of the following territories of India was/were invaded by China on November 19, 1962? Ladakh and NEFA
• Deflation is contraction in volume of money or credit that results in a decline of price level
• Which one of the following is not allied to Geophysical Sciences? Palaeontology
• Photophobia is abnormal intolerance of light
• The conservation of hawks and owls is important to mankind chiefly because these birds eat many harmful rodents
• the plane of the earth’s equator were not inclined to the plane of
• In which city was the famous black hole: Calcutta
• If you had rubella what would you have caught: German Measles
• La Giaconda is better known as what: Mona Lisa
• Eric Arthur Blaire was the real name of which author: George Orwell
• Which country do Sinologists study: China
• What is Orchesis - either professional or amateur: Art of Dancing
• Whose autobiography was The long walk to Freedom: Nelson Mandela
• Clyde Tonbaugh discovered what planet in 1930: Pluto
• Which chess piece could be a member of the church: Bishop
• Which American state is nicknamed The Diamond State: Delaware
• What martial arts name means gentle way: Judo
• Kimberlite contains what precious item: Diamonds
• Which country introduced the worlds first diesel loco in 1912: Germany
• What animals name translates as water horse: Hippopotamus
• Which two metals are alloyed to make pewter: Tin and Lead
• What is the longest river in Italy: Po
• Oil seed rape belongs to which plant family: Mustard
• Zambia and Zimbabwe used to be called what: Rhodesia
• What is the staple food of one third of the worlds population: Rice
• What digit does not exist in Roman Numerals: Zero
• Who was nicknames The desert Fox (both Names): Erwin Rommel
• Which European country is divided into areas called Cantons: Switzerland
• Who created Tarzan (all names) in 1914: Edgar Rice Burroughs
• Who is the only American president elected unopposed: George Washington
• Which countries men use the most deodorant: Japan
• What was the first credit card: Diners Club
• Which country made the worlds first feature film in 1906: Australia Story of Kelly gang
• Where is the worlds largest gold depository: Federal reserve bank Manhattan
• What is 6 inches bigger in Summer: Eiffel tower
• Which 1956 film caused riots in cinemas: Rock around the clock
• From what language does the word alphabet come: Greek -alpha beta
• What was the first film made in cinemascope: The robe
• A pearmain is what type of fruit: Apple
• What did God create on the fifth day (both): Sea creatures and birds
• What were the first false teeth made from: Ivory
• Which leader lives in the Potola: Dalai Lama
• Which country invented the concentration camp: Britain - Boer war
• Scotopic people can do what: See in the dark
• What is the most critical thing keeping bananas fresh transport: Temperature not below 13 C 55F
• What city has Kogoshima as its airport: Tokyo
• What is a baby whale called: Calf
• On what is the Mona Lisa painted: Wood
• Which bird turns it head upside down to eat: Flamingo
• Who rode a horse called Bucephalus: Alexander the Great
• Who invented popcorn: American Indians
• For what is spirits of salt another name: Hydrochloric acid
• What flower is the symbol of secrecy: Rose
• What is the white trail behind a jet plane made from: Ice Crystals
• If you were doing vaccimulgence what doing: Milking a cow
• Who was the Greek goddess of love: Aphrodite
• What is the only creature that can turn its stomach inside out: Starfish
• What is the worlds most popular green vegetable: Lettuce
• Which country had the first women MPs 19 in 1907: Finland
• Which Mediterranean countries orchestra is bigger than its army Monaco
• Where can you buy a copy of Penguin News: Falkland Islands
• Which African country was founded by Americans: Liberia
• What was Britain called - before it was Britain: Albion
• What part of a frog do you rub to hypnotise it: Its belly
• What was the first gramophone record made from: Tinfoil
• which famous person invented the cat flap: Isaac Newton
• What was invented by Dr Albert Southwick in 1881: Electric chair
• Where would you find line of Mars - Girdle of Venus: Palm - lines in Palmistry
• What do Ombrophobes fear: Rain
• Who landed on Timor Island after being cast adrift: Captain Bligh
• A C-Curity was the original name of what common object: Zip Fastener
• What does ludo mean (literally): I Play
• An elephant has 400000 what in its trunk: Muscles
• What colour is cerulean: Deep Blue
• What does Zip stand for in the American Zip Code: Zone Improvement Plan
• Percy Shaw invented what in 1934: Cats eyes
• Which acid was first prepared from distilled red ants: Formic acid
• Milton lost which sense: Sight
• Eiffel designed the Eiffel tower - what was his first name: Gustave
• The Koh-i-Nor is a famous diamond - what does the name mean: Mountain of Light
• What was Britain's first colony (annexed in 1583): Newfoundland
• A skulk is a group of which animals: Foxes
• Who was the Goddess of the rainbow: Iris
• Who was the first actor to appear on cover of Time magazine: Charlie Chaplin
• In which country did the turnip originate: Greece
• Which animals can live longest without water: Rats
• Which fruit contains the most protein: Avocado
• In sailing ship days who often acted as the ships doctor: Cook
• A muster is a group of which birds: Peacocks
• Which country grew the first Orange: China
• Gossima was the original name of what game: Table Tennis
• A kindle is the name for a group of what young animals: Kittens
• Minerva is the Goddess of what: Wisdom
• One person every 6 seconds dies from what: Contaminated water diseases
• The length of what is approximately 1/10th circumference of earth: Great wall of China
• USA has most airports which country has second most: Australia
• In 1829 Walter Hunt invented what common item: Safety Pin
•
• Who invented punched cards used in early computing 1880s: Herman Hollerith
• 1500 paces was what Roman measurement: League
• Who gave the UN the land in NY to build their HQ: John D Rockerfeller
• Which writer coined the word Cyberspace in 1984: William Gibson –Neuromancer
• What is the oldest known infectious disease: Leprosy
• What was invented in 1855 45 years later than it was needed: Can Opener
• Trypanophobia is fear of what : Inoculations – Injections
• Chogori is better know by what boring name: K2
• Which country has the worlds biggest (on land) National Park: Canada – Wood Buffalo 17300s ml
• What was Edison’s first practical invention: Tick a Tape for stockmarket
• Which company invented the transistor radio in 1952: Sony
• What metal impurity makes rubies red and emeralds green: Chromium
• What is dittology: Double meaning
• Which country invented the mariners compass: China
• How was Alexander the Greats body preserved: In large jar of honey
• What was invented 1903 - patented 1906 G C Beilder: Photocopier
• What country consumes the most coal each year: China
• What does soviet mean: Workers Council
• In which city is the worlds oldest museum - Ashmolian 1679: Oxford
• To what family does the hippopotamus belong: Pig
• In which city is the worlds oldest tennis court from 1496: Paris
• Who said Politics is the art of the possible 11 Aug 1867: Otto Von Bismarck
• In which country did Turkeys originate: USA
• What colour is worn for funerals in Egypt: Yellow
• An Arab horse has less what than other horses: Bones - one vertebra less
• In what country did red onions originate: Italy
• What job did Ernest Hemmingway do in WW1: Ambulance Driver
• What was the name of the Roman God of sleep-Somnos
• What is the name of the four holy books of the Hindus-The Vedas
• What animal always gives birth to same sex twins-Armadillo
• What colour is named after a battle fought in Italy in 1859-Magenta
• What does the name Ghengis Khan mean-Very Mighty Ruler
• What is the most common disease in the world-Dental Caries
• Which country was the first to make seat belts compulsory-Czechoslovakia
• A young what is called an Eyas-Hawk
• In a Gynocracy - who rules- Women
• What type of animal is a markhor-Wild Goat
• What is the last book of the Bible-Revelations
• What historical event was referred to as Black 47-Irish Potato Famine
• Tempera uses water and what to paint with- Egg Yoke
• Which company developed the Laser Printer -Cannon
• The name of which countries capital means good air-Argentina – Buenos Aires
• Which dictator preferred 50,000 rifles to 50,000 votes-Benito Mussolini
• What country was once named New France- Canada
• In which country were modern banknotes first used-Sweden
• What does the syrinx help a bird to do-Sing
• What food item in French literally means twice cooked-Biscuit
• The Titanic has a sister ship - name it-The Olympic
• Halcyon is the poetic name for which bird-Kingfisher
• Which country invented French fried potatoes-Belgium
• The word bungalow comes from which language-Hindi
• What is the Japanese Shinkasen-High speed Train
• What is a travelator-Horizontal Escalator
• Where was Napoleon born-Ajaccio -Corsican capitol
• In the wild what animal pollinates banana plants-Bats
• What colour is the Black Box carried in aircraft-Orange
• Allium Sativum is better known as what-Garlic
• What was Madam Curie's husbands name-Pierre
• The USA president lives in the White House - Who Blue House-President South Korea
• What does an aronophobe fear -Internet
• Which world famous landmark is found on Mount Lee? The Hollywood Sign
• The name of which Indian city means Village of Boiled Beans -Bangalore
• What county has its map on its flag-Cyprus
• Lucknow is a city in India - and what other country-Canada
• What invention was nicknamed the Noisy Serpent in 1902-Vacuum Cleaner
• What country has a regiment of bicycle mounted soldiers-Switzerland
• Amaxophobia is the fear of what-Riding in a vehicle
• Which animal has legs but cant walk- Hummingbird
• In what city 1985 was the worlds first computer museum opened-Boston
• Skeleton is derived from Greek - what is its literal translation-Dried Up
• Edward Hunter USA Journalist invented what term Korean war-Brainwashing
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• What word in English has the most definitions-Set
• Desire for more cows is the translation what Sanskrit word-War - same in English
• What is the most mentioned name in the Bible-David - Jesus is second
• What is a spermologer interested in- Trivia
• What is 2000 in Roman Numerals- MM
• What is the sacred animal of Thailand-White Elephant
• We have all heard Hari Krishna - what does Krishna mean-Dark as a cloud
• Feline cats - Bovine Cows - Aquiline what -Eagle
• What animal is the symbol of long life in Korea-Deer
• What animal was the symbol of freedom in ancient Rome-Cat
• Time Magazine named what as the Man of the Year 1982-The Computer
• What animals teeth were used as knife blades by the Indians-Beaver
• If you were studying Iatrology what would you be studying-Science of Medicine
• The United Nations in New York were originally where-San Francisco
• In what country is the northernmost point of Africa-Tunisia
• In what film - Charlie Chaplain have his first speaking part 1940-The Great Dictator
• What Prophet in the Bible had a talking donkey-Balaam
• What common word comes from the Latin for who are you-Quiz
• Napoleon had a fear of what - Aelurophobia-Cats
• If you graduate with a degree in music what colour tassel wear-Pink
• In the Bible who built the ancient city of Babylon-Nimrod
• What was the first day of the year in the Roman calendar-25th March
• What does Karaoke literally mean -Empty Orchestra
• In what country did stamp collecting start -France
• Where do the White and Blue Niles join-Khartoum - in Sudan
• What are young bats called-Pups
• What plant has flowers but no leaves-Cactus
• Who was the Roman Goddess of peace-Pax
• What is a baby squirrel called-Kit or Kitten
• If you are born in March what is your Flower-Violet
• What is the only word in English that ends in mt-Dreamt
• What country has a Bible on its flag-Dominican Republic
• What is the only number in English that has letters in alpha order-Forty
• What is the name for 100th of a second-A Jiffy
• 10% (by weight) of the worlds land animals are what species- Ants
• The milk of what creature will not curdle- Camel
• What do cockroaches do every fifteen minutes-Fart
• Noah's Ark had two of everything including what feature- Windows
• The Invisible Empire is better known as what-Klu Klux Klan
• The word vinegar come from French meaning what-Sour Wine
• In Saudi Arabia by law women may not become what-A Doctor
• Most blue eyed cats are what-Deaf
• The name of which animal means does not drink-Koala
• Collective Nouns - a Convocation of what-Eagles
• In proportion which animal has the largest eye-Cat
• Collective Nouns - a Cast of what -Falcons
• What European countries flag is square-Switzerland
• What is an octothrope-The # symbol
• Tigers have stripped fur - what colour is their skin-Stripped
• What bird has the most feathers per square inch-Penguin
• A dog is canine - what animal is ovine-Sheep
• A cat is feline - what animal is murine-Mouse or Rat
• The Golden Rain is the common name of what tree-Laburnum
• What countries nation anthem is Land of Two Rivers-Iraq
• Queen Alexandria's is the worlds largest what-Butterfly 1 foot wing
• Collective nouns - A train of what -Camels
• Who said "The child is the father of the man"-Wordsworth
• Collective nouns - a streak of what-Tigers
• There are over 130000 species of what on earth-Butterflies
• Azote was the original name of what element-Nitrogen
• What animals cannot swim-Gorillas
• The UIT govern what sport-International shooting union
• There are more telephones than people in what city-Washington USA
• If you landed at Arlanda airport where would you be-Stockholm Sweden
• What country declared itself first atheist state in 1967-Albania – banned religion
• What is the Roman numerals for 3000-MMM
• What are Jean Bernard, Pierre St-Martin and Berger in France-Worlds deep caves
• Dallol Ethiopia has what claim to fame-Worlds hottest
• average place 94-Where are Bay of Heats and Bay of Dew Sinus Aestuum – Roris-Near side of Moon
• What is Canada's oldest city founded in 1608-Quebec
• Narcotics comes from the Greek - what it literally mean-Electric eels - put on foreheads
• Siddhartha Gautama became better known as who-Buddha
• Where was Ice Cream invented- China
• What was Socrates wife's name-Xanthippe
• What order of insects contains the most species-Beetles
• What is Rice Paper made from-A Tree - The Rice Paper Tree pith
• What is Nelson Mandela's middle name-Rolihlahla
• Tenzin Gyatso became what in 1937-Dali Lama
• In what country was Mother Theresa born- Albania
• Reykjavik translates into what-Smoky Bay
• What is Christmas Disease-Mild Haemophilia
• What US state is the magnolia state-Mississippi
• 72% of what country is covered by forest- Finland
• On what are the worlds smallest paintings painted- Pin Heads
• What city used to be known as Bytown-Ottawa
• The Red Rose City has what more common name in Jordan-Petra
• Who does a Filicide kill-Son or Daughter
• What was the first country to recognise the US as independent-Morocco
• And what country won it- Sweden
• What is the worlds most widely eaten fish- Herring
• What was the name of the first presidential aircraft -Sacred Cow
• What flower is the symbol of culture-The Lotus
• Phalacrophobia is the fear of what -Going Bald
• In what prison did Nelson Mandela spend 19 of 27 years in jail-Robben Island
• What is Virga-Rain the don’t reach ground
• A Pullicologist is an expert in what-Fleas
• What colour is caffeine- White powder
• In what country would you buy Kingfisher lager-India
• Name Australia's highest mountain-Mount Kosciusko
• What was Napoleons mothers name-Laticia
• In what language was The Communist Manifesto written-German
• Monology is the study of what- Stupidity
• What country is the worlds oldest functioning democracy-Iceland
• What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan
• If you suffered from pyrexia what have you got-Fever
• Nine inches in nautical measure is called what- A Span
• What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland
• Where was volleyball invented-France
• What is mosquitoes main food-Nectar from flowers
• What killed half the US soldiers in WW1- 1918 Flu Epidemic
• What is the opposite of Plenum-Vacuum
• Where was the worlds first oil well drilled-Pennsylvania
• Who was the pilot in the first fatal air crash-Orville Wright
• There is one gallon of water in every cubic mile of what-Fog
• What capital city translates as Capital City in the native tongue-Seoul - South Korea
• What food are astronauts prohibited before a mission Beans - Farts damage spacesuits
• What does a myrmecologist study-Ants
• Women do it twice as often as men - what -Blink
• first man to set foot on all five continents- Captain Cook
• What gives onions their distinctive smell- Sulphur - taken in when growing
• What animals name comes from the Sanskrit to steal-Mouse – Musha
• What is a Winter Banana -A variety of Apple
• Where are the glasshouse mountains- Queensland Australia
• Mesopotamia means- Between two Rivers
• Only three Angels are named in Bible Gabriel Michael and who- Lucifer
• What animals name translate from Arabic as He who walks fast Giraffe – from Xirapha
• What is in the Red Data Book- Endangered Species
• Who wrote the book - Call of the Wild-Jack London
• What is the name of the scale measuring depth of coma (GCS)- Glasgow Coma Scale
• Which 19th century battle UK / USA fought after peace signed- Battle of New Orleans
• What place is nicknamed "The City of Lilies"- Florence
• In what literary work would you find the yahoos- Gulliver's Travels
• What place was nicknamed "The Pearl of the Orient"-Manilla - Philippines
• Operation Dracula in WWII freed what city- Rangoon Burma
• What countries name translates as lion mountains- Sierra Leone
• In WW2 what was the German codename for invasion of Russia- Barberossa
• FIDE govern what game -Chess
• The density of what is measured on the Rngelmann scale- Smoke
• Who would be scored on the Apgar scale- Newborn Babies
• geographical dividing line N/S Korea- 38th Parallel
• first American state to enter the union 7 Dec 1787- Delaware Pennsylvania second
• old man in The Old Man and the Sea named Santiago
• unit of sound named after- Alexander Graham Bell - Decibel
• What nationality was first person in space not US or Russian Czech – Vladimir Remek Soyuz 28
• Inspecting Galvaynes Groove tells you what- Age of horse – it’s on its teeth
• first space probe to land on the moon 13 Sept 1959 Luna 2
• What fish has its head at right angles to its body- Sea Horse
• In what country is the worlds largest pyramid Mexico – Quetzalcoatl
• What city was known as Christiana until 1925- Oslo – Sweden
• What sea is directly north of Poland- Baltic sea
• What is the name of the cranial bone just above your ear Temporal
• Who led the Soviets when they invaded Hungary in 1956 Nikita Khruschcev
• In astronomy what are rapidly rotating neutron stars called Pulsars
• The word Atom comes from the Greek meaning what Indestructible
• What part of the body is most bitten by insects The Foot
• 90% of bird species are what Monogamous
• countries on 2 continents Russia Turkey (Asia Europe) and Egypt - Africa and Asia
• What are male crabs known as Jimmies
• In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhard - what Counterfeit British Notes
• Kangaroos and Emus can't do what-Walk backwards
• What country had three presidents - in the same day-Mexico
• There are 300 distinct different types of what food-Honey
• What country has three capital cities Admin Legislate Judicial-South Africa
• Countries name means Place where one struggles with God-Israel
• Ecuador was named after who / what-The Equator
• The Davis Strait lies between Canada and where-Greenland
• Children take SATs what does SAT stand for-Standard assessment tasks
• A lion and a sword appear on what countries flag-Sri Lanka
• What animals are likely to die first from global warming-Polar Bears
• In the 19th century what was known as inheritance powder-Arsenic – as poison
• What animal has the most taste buds over 27000-Catfish
• What is sometimes nicknamed Adams Profession-Gardener
• What profession makes regular use of vibrators-Potters - remove air from clay
• What part of the body ages the fastest-The Hands
• What is the word Taxi short for-Taximeter
• In medicine what is nicknamed a blue pipe-A Vein
• What sport was called The Royal Sport-Cock Fighting
• What cities underground has the most stations-New York
• Name the Hong Kong stock exchange-Hang Seng
• What is a bandy bandy-A Snake
• What is the fastest creature raced for sport-Pigeon
• The New Testament originally written in what language-Greek
• What is the only Christian country in Asia-The Philippines
• A snake has only one lung.
• Canaan Banana was the first president of where-Zimbabwe
• What hairs are the last to lose their colour with age-Eyelashes
• The Black Death came to England from what port-Calais
• What is the currency of Egypt-The Pound
• The town of Banana in Queensland is named after what-A huge bullock
• After English what's the most widely used language on the net-German
• Two thirds of the worlds geysers are found where-Yellowstone Park
• Where were the worlds first paved streets-Rome 170 bc
• The word Angel derives from the Greek meaning what-Messenger
• Name the first film to have its sequel released in the same year-King Kong - Son of Kong
• What's unusual about the moons of Uranus-Named Shakespeare characters
• What colour is the number 10 on 10 Downing street-White
• What Olympic event was dropped in 1920-Tug of War -1900 to 1920
• The average child wears out 730 by age ten 730 what-Crayons
• What nation invented the toilet seat- Egyptian
• What is an onychophagist- A nail biter
• Woman's are faster than men's, they usually have more - what-Heartbeats
• The electric light first available product what's second-Electric Oven
• What's the only city today split in two by a wall-Nicosia Cyprus
• What is the Latin word for poison-Virus
• In medicine what is an Anomaloscope used for-Test for colour blindness
• In what sport would you find a Tell Tale-Squash - Tin strip ball can't hit
• What is the most redesigned appliance in the world-Telephone Handset
• In Tennis where is the Australian Open played-Flinders Park
• What was the first sport to be filmed -Boxing by Thomas Edison 1894
• What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados
• Satan is Lucifer but what does Lucifer mean -The Light Bearer
• What does a Grabatologist collect-Ties
• What country has two AK47 assault rifles on it's flag -Mozambique
• The Arabs call it Al-Maghrib what do we call it-morocco
• In what country did tulips originate- Persia
• Where would you find a Dry Bible :Heart chamber of a
Ruminant
• Which mammal has the fewest teeth- Armadillo - none
• An IVP is used to detect what medical condition- Kidney Stones- Intravenuspylorigram
• What colour is iridium-Steel Grey
• What's the worlds longest rail journey made no train change Moscow Peking
• Who was called The Man of Destiny-Napoleon Bonaparte
• What word is derived from the Arabic mawsim meaning season Monsoon
• Sicily is the traditional source of which element- Sulphur
• Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch- Queen Elizabeth 1st
• What city is at the mouth of the Menam river- Bangkok
• Ireland and New Zealand are the only countries that lack what Native Snakes
• Who named a city after his horse Bucephalus Alexander the Great
• In Hindu philosophy what does Yoga literally mean- Union
• Who was the founder of Judaism-Abraham
• Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea- Black Sea
• What is a Fata Morgana- Type of Mirage
• What is or was the capitol of Hong Kong- Victoria
• What creature can live up to one year without eating ( you? ) Bedbug
• The word Sofa comes from the Arabic meaning what Bench
• Which plant gets its name from the Persian for turban Tulip
• What celestial body gets its name from the Greek long haired Comet
• What are the Roman numerals for 505- DV
• In WW1 what were Lucifer's- Matches
• In Animal Farm what was the name of the farm- Manor Farm
• Where was pizza first invented Milan
• In what country did the Sabines live- Italy
• Operation Thunderbolt was the nickname given to which raid: Israeli raid on Entebbe
• The cast iron plant is another name for which pot plantn Aspidistra
• The word Mongol means what in Mongolian- Brave
• In the USA what is Marine One- Presidents Helicopter
• Name the first teddy bear in space- Mishka 1980 Olympic mascot
• Which acid dissolves glass- Hydrofluoric Acid
• What is a half of a half of a half of a half- A Sixteenth
• Airman T E Shaw in WW2 was better known as who- T E Laurence of Arabia
• Hydrosis is the medical term for what -Sweating
• What does per capita literally mean- Per Head
• What country used the ringgit as currency- Malaysia
• On a standard rainbow what colour is on the inside of the curve Violet
• What animal stands for the longest period- African Elephant over 50 years
• Who was the father of Alexander the Great- Philip II of Macedon
• Which country makes the most films per year- India
• In what does a steganographer write messages- Invisible ink
• The martial art tai quon do translates literally as what Kick Art Way
• Who wrote "To err is human to forgive divine" Alexander Pope essay on criticism
• What is the capital of Panama- Panama
• Name the Capital of the Ukraine-Kiev
• In Bradshaws you would find information about what-Railways
• Which countries leader was an extra in Hollywood-Fidel Castro
• BOZ was the penname if which writer-Charles Dickens
• Which spice comes in hands -Ginger
• In the Old Testament what is the first book of Moses-Genesis - first 5 all Moses books
• What is the literal meaning of the title Viceroy-In place of the King
• What word describes one tenth of a nautical mile-Cable
• Men are ten times more likely than women to have what-Colour Blindness
• What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer)
• Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the second-Coffee
• What animals evidence is admissible in US courts-A Bloodhound
• Which country in the world produces the most mangos-India
• 2.47105 acres is equal to what SI unit-Hectare
• The word philosophy comes from Greek literally meaning what Love of wisdom
• In computing what does EPOS stand for-Electronic Point of Sale
• Vanilla is part of which plant family-Orchids
• Name woman set up free birth control clinic in Holloway in 1920 Marie Stopes
• The Wright brothers made aircraft but what was their other job: Bicycle manufacturers
• Which city is the capital of Tuscany-Florence
• What is the opposite of nocturnal -Diurnal
• What fruit does not ripen after picking-Pineapple
• What country consumes the most coffee per capita 25 Lb-Finland
• In the animal kingdom what creatures are in the order—Chiroptera-Bats
• What would you do with a wandering sailor-Plant it it’s a plant
• Germans call a WW1 sea fight Battle of Skagerrak what in UK Battle of Jutland
• Sand, Soda and what are the main ingredients of glass-Limestone
• What colour are the seats in the House of Lords-Red - Commons green
• If a doctor gave you an Ishihara test what is he testing-for Colour blindness
• Only one miracle is mentioned in all four gospels what is it: Feeding of 5000
• What is the official language of Cuba-Spanish
• What new invention was shown to Queen Victoria 14 Jan 1878:The telephone
• A horses height is measured from the ground to what part :Withers - base of neck crest line
• Who was the last Emperor of France-Napoleon III
• What country does China have its longest land border with: Mongolia
• Where are a whales nipples -On its back
• What is measured in units called jnd-Sensitivity Just Noticeable difference
• A napiform thing is shaped like what-A turnip
• What was the first country in 1824 to legalise Trade Unions-Britain
• What is the worlds longest insect-Borneo stick insect
• The angel shark has what other name-The monkfish
• Which creatures communicate by touch, smell and dance-Bees
• In which country did the study of geometry originate -Egypt
• What was the capitol of Russia before Moscow-Saint Petersburg
• And who designed it-Michelangelo
• What does the DIN number mean on photographic film-Speed of film
• In the body what do the Islets of Langerhans do-Secrete Insulin
• What capitol is on the slopes of the volcano Pichincha-Quito Ecuador
• What is embolia-Hesitations in speech
• Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin
• What is the biggest tourist attraction in Zambia-Victoria falls
• In WW2 what kind of aircraft was a horsa-A glider
• A newborn bactrian camel has how many humps- None
• Where is the worlds largest mine-Carletonville South Africa
• In the Sikh religion what is kesh-Uncut hair or beard
• At Waterloo who commanded the Prussian troops: Marshal Blucher
• Which bird is the symbol of the Royal Society Protection Birds Avocet
• Which microbe produces alcohol-Yeast - alcohol is yeast piss
• In WW2 in what French city did the Germans surrender Reims
• What was Ghandi's profession- Lawyer
• Which is the oldest walled city in the world- Jericho
• What does Magna Carta literally mean- Great Charter
• Who built the worlds first film studio- Thomas Alva Edison
• The word nylon is made up from what- New York – London
• What country is coffee originally from- Ethiopia
• What is the currency of Turkey- Lira
• What does CMOS stand for in a computer- Complimentary metalOxide semi-conductor
• Which worlds city is known as The Golden City: Prague Czech
• Which country contains every type of climate in the world:New Zealand
• In what country was the paperclip invented-Norway
• Where is the only digital rolex watch in the world :Wimbledon centre court
• Where were the original loopholes- Castle walls – arrow firing slits
• What religious leaders name means Sign of God: Ayatollah
• In which country is the Nokia company based- Finland
• What is unique about the pistol star- Brightest in sky
• The Afghan Taliban use which colour of flag- White
• What was Queen Victoria's first name- Alexandria
• In Sanskrit it means House of Snow - what does-Himalayas
• What was the White House formerly known as - Executive Mansion
• Which is the only middle eastern county without a desert Lebanon
• Who invented the word pandemonium - John Milton – capitol of hell
• Which companies name translates as abundant fields: Toyota
• What is the hole in a pencil sharpener called- Chuck
• What is the meaning of Ghandi- Grocer
• What is the most chemically complex food - over 300 chemicals Chocolate
• Which building material gets its name from Arabic for the brick Adobe
• Russia has one but the US has at least six – what: Places called Moscow
• What was Helen Keller's first word- Water
• Which country consumes the most chicken per capita: Saudi Arabia
• What was the distress call before SOS- CQD - come quick Danger
• What does Honolulu mean in Hawaiian- Sheltered Harbour
• Which fruit is the symbol of hospitality- Pineapple
• Which city is built on 118 islands- Venice
• In WW1 what warning device was on the top of Eiffel Tower: Parrots
• What is sometimes referred to as Zulu time- Greenwich mean time
• Nylon was invented in 1934 what product first used it: Toothbrush
• Before 1687 clocks never had what- Minute hands
• What was the most bombed place in WW2- Malta
• The word Utopia from Greek means what-Nowhere
• Which vegetable is 91% water - Cabbage
• Which English word comes from the French for candle: Chandelier
• In which European capitol city is a cannon fired at 1.00 pm daily Edinburgh
• Worldwide most capitol cities begin with which letter- B
• What creature is the symbol of medicine- Snake
• Which vegetable is also a flower- Broccoli
• What nationality was Cleopatra- Greek
• A university has a campus what does it literally mean:A Field
• What does the name Dracula mean in Romanian: Son of the Devil
• Whose name translates as Emperor of all-Genghis Khan
• Which country was the first to issue parking tickets:France
• Name the first war submarine invented by David Bushnell it sank Turtle
• In which city was Galileo born- Pisa
• The most common name in the world is Mohammed
• Cats have over one hundred vocal sounds,dogs only have about ten
• There was once an undersea post office in the Bahamas
• There are more chickens than people in the world
• The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel. Etienne Lenoir
• The scientist who asserted the earth to be a huge magnet: Ben Franklin
• The scientist who discovered water.Belinda Mooney
• The scientist who asserted the earth to be a huge magnet: William Gilbert
• All of the oxygen that you breathe has been produced by the splitting of water during __ Oxidative phosphorylation ___.
• Edible part of tomato is whole fruit.
• One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter.
• First world war was began on 1914 A.D. and second world war started in 1939 when germany attacked on poland, it is also considered as Greatest war.
• Columbus discovered america on 1492 A.D.
• The Royal Majesty ship Queen Elizabeth (UK) is the largest pessenger ship in the world.It is 314 metres long and 36 metres wide.
• The cambodian language is a language which has a total number of 74 alphabets.
• The Sumerian civilization is considered to be the oldest civilization of the world.
• Jericho,situated in the Jorden valley is the oldest town of the world.
• The maximum ever temperature of 136.4 F was recorded on september 13,1922 in the city Azizia (Libya) and The minimum temperature of -129.6 F was recorded in the town of Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august , 1960.
• The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian town of Cherapoonje. 366,14 inches rain fell there during the month of july 1861.
• Sierra Leone has the lowest GDP per capita of 510 US dollars and Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita of 36,400 US dollars.
• The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750 A.D) was the first Muslim dynasty.
• Light is the fastest thing in the universe.It travels at a phenomenal speed of 187,000 miles per second.
• According to the Forbcs magazine, There were 311 individual billionaires in the world.out of these, 108 belonged to USA,44 belonged to germany and 34 were japanese.
• The earth is the densest planet of universe .It has density of 5.515 time that of water.
• La Paz,capital city of Bolivia (south america), is situated at an altitude of 3631 metres (12087 feet) from the sea level.
• The panch pokhri lake situated in the himalaya mountains is the highest lake in the world.
• The present palace of sultan of brunei in the capital city of bandar seri begawan consisting of 1788 rooms is the largest palace.
• Mahavira(founder of jainism)and gautama buddha (founder of buddism) were contemporaries and flourished in india in the 6th century B.C.
• The three pyramids of eqypt were built from 2700 to 2500 B.C.,these are tombs of khufu,khafra and menkaura.
• The great wall of china was completed in 204 B.C.it is 1500 miles long.Its average height is 25 feet and about 12 feet wide at the top.
• The city rome was founded in 753 B.C. by romolus.
• The muslim rule of spain lasted from 711 to 1492 A.D.
• The statue of liberty (newyork) was installed in 1886.It is 151 feet one inch high from the base to torch.
• The world is divided into 24 time zones,each 15` longtitude wide. the longitudinal meridian passing through greenwich,England is the starting point and is called the prime meridian.
• Christopher columbus discovered bahamas on 12 oct 1492 A.D.
• The world famous golden gate bridge is located in San francisco(usa).
• Russia invaded afghanistan on dec 27,1979.
• Hongkong was returned to china on july 1,1997.
• Eritrea became an independent state on may 24,1993.
• A billion contain 1000 million. It has 9 zeroes. similarly a trillion has 12 zeroes,a quadrillion 15 zeroes,a quintillion 18 zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes.
• One inch is equal to 2.5400 cms and one mile is equal to 1.6093 kms.
• About half of the world population speaks indo-european languages. The Indo-European branch to which english belongs is germanic.
• The original inhabitants of USA are known as Red Indians.
• Out of the 193 sovereign independent nations of the world 147 are republics and other 46 are under personal rules (14 kings,1 emperor,3 queens,7 hereditary sheikhs,1 grand duke,2 sultans,1 constitutional monarch etc).
• Gwadar became a part of pakistan on september 9,1958.
• All india mulim league was formulated on december 30,1906 and first president was Sir Agha Khan.
• Afghanistan got independence on 19th aug 1919.
• Air conditioner invented by "willis H. carrier"U.S. in 1902.
• Camera(photographic) has been invented by "Joseph N. Niepce"france in 1822.
• Sunlight is composed of seven colours
• "Braille system" is used for the education of Blind.
• Lousis Braille of France made it possible for the blind to read and write.
• Blue color has shortest wavelength
• Protein is a natural polymer
• The paper currency first introduce by china
• Redwood or Giant Sempervirens is the tallest tree in the world . It rises up to a height of 111 metres (366 feets).
• Pakistan-Afghanistan border ' Durand line ' was drawn in 1893 by Sir Mortimer Durand and Afghanistan`s ruler Abdur rehman khan.
• Asian Development Bank was established on 16th jan, 1999.
• Radcliff was a lawyer by profession.
• In 1945, Hiroshima was the first city Atom bomb dropped.
• Leo Tolstoy was the political guru of Gandhi.
• South Africa is the country which has three capitals.
• All-india Muslim league was established in 1906 and Quaid-e-azam joined in 1913.
• The lowest per capita income in the Muslim world is of Somalia.
• United Nations spends a lion`s share of its budget on Refugees rehabilitations
• A piece of land surrounded by water on three sides is known as “peninsula ".
• The density of population usually measured in person per sq. km
• The Eifel tower was built by Alexander Eiffel
• The Red Cross was founded by Jean Henri Durant
• The gateway to the Gulf of Iran is Strait of Hormuz
• The first Republican President of America was Abraham Lincoln
• The country famous for Samba dance is Brazil
• The name of Alexander's horse was Beucephalus
• Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles
• The famous British one-eyed Admiral was Nelson
• The most famous painting of Pablo Picasso was Guermica
• The first woman Prime Minister of Britain was Margaret Thatcher
• The sculptor of the statue of Liberty was Federick Auguste Bartholdi
• John F.Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harry Oswald
• The first British University to admit women for degree courses was London University
• The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan
• The literal meaning of Renaissance is Revival
• Julius Caesar was killed by Brutus
• The title of Desert Fox was given to Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
• The word `Quiz' was coined by Jim Daly Irishman
• The original meaning of `Quiz' was Trick
• Adolf Hitler was born in Austria
• In the year 1811,Paraguay became independent from Spain
• The cross word puzzle was invented by Arthur Wynney
• Napoleon suffered from alurophobia which means Fear of cats
• Slavery in America was abolished by Abraham Lincoln
• The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river is Manhattan
• The famous painting `Mona Lisa'is displayed at Louvre museum,Paris
• The earlier name for tomato was Love apple
• The famous words `Veni Vidi Vici'were said by Julius Caesar
• Disneyland is located in California,USA
• Archimedes was born in Sicily
• The famous General Motors company was founded by William Durant
• The country that brings out the FIAT is Italy
• The White House was painted white to Hide fire damage
• "History is Bunk"was said by Henry Ford
• The term ``astrology' literally means Star Speech
• Togo is situated in Africa
• The first ruler who started war games for his soldiers was Genghis Khan
• The first talkie feature film in USA was The Jazz Singer
• The name of the large clock on the tower of the House of Parliament in London is called Big Ben
• Prado museum is located in Madrid
• The number of keys in an ordinary piano is Eighty eight
• `Man is a Tool Making Animal' was said by Benjamin Franklin
• The term 'anesthesia'was coined by Oliver Wendell Holmes
• Number of schools of thoughts is 52.
• Farat valley is in Iraq.
• Notre Dom is located in Paris (France), it is a church.
• Jodrell Bank is located in Great Britain, it is famous for its Space Observatory.
• Micronesia is located in Asia.
• Blue Mosque is in Istanbul.
• Bastille was a jail in Paris, it was destroyed during the French Revolution on 14th July 1789.
• Camp David is famous for Camp David Accord, which took place between Egypt and Israel. It is located in USA.
• Jaffna is the headquarters of LTTE guerillas in Sri Lanka.
• Akal Takht is a place of confession of Penance in the Golden Temple complex, it has been the spiritual and temporal seat of authority of Sikh since 1906.
• Hanging garden of Babylon is situated in Baghdad and was planted in 603 B.C; this is included in seven wonder of the world.
• Leaning tower of Pisa, it was built in 12th Century, it is located in Italy.
• Aleppo is located in Syria.
• The famous Empire State Building in located in New York.
• Bermuda Triangle is in Caribbean region.
• Bermuda is the colony of UK.
• Eiffel tower of Paris was built in 1887-89 by Gustav Eiffel, 986 feet high, now used as a winders stations.
• Lumbin is the birthplace of Gautam Budh, it is in Nepal.
• Dehro Dun is located in UP (India), it is famous for its military academy.
• Yellow Stone National Park is in USA.
• Golan Heights are located in Syria.
• The Indonesian island Bali is famous for Temples.
• Great Wall of China can be seen from the moon, the total length of the wall is 1684 miles or 6000 kms, it was built in the reign of Shih Huang-ti (246-210) BC.
• Abu Simbal is the famous temple in Egypt.
• Adam’s bridge is 17 miles long line of rock and sand bank between India and Sri Lanka.
• Mermaid Statue is in Copenhagen.
• Temple mount is located in Jerusalem.
• Buland Darwaza is situated near Agra its height is 176 feet.
• Olympia is a place with temple of Zeus and Hera.
• Jordan is an Islamic country which has boundary with many countries.
• Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct 3, 1990.
• Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990.
• Indonesia has 3000 islands.
• Japan is an archipelago.
• Namibia is administrated by South Africa.
• UAE is the federation of 7 Emirates.
• Bosnia Herzegovina became independent on Jan 17, 1996.
• USA president tenure is of 4 years.
• Kosovo mostly consists of Albanian Muslims.
• Baltic States is the name given to the European countries like Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.
• Spanish is the official language of Argentina.
• The majority of Japan’s Population is by religion Shinto.
• The term Boxer Rebellion is associated with China.
• Philippines comprises of 7000 tropical islands.
• Aukland and Christ Church are the major cities of New Zealand.
• Melbourne is the capital city of Australian city Victoria.
• Berlin was approved as a capital on 20th June 1991.
• Manchester is the city of Great Britain famous for textile industry.
• Toronto is in North America.
• Sao Paulo is the largest city of South America.
• Alexandria is the famous city of Egypt, it is also an important sea port.
• The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the city of Nuremburg.
• Kobe is a Japanese city and port heavily bombarded in World War-I, serious earthquake hit in 1997.
• Hague is the city of Holland.
• Mauna Loa (USA) is the largest active volcano of the world.
• Robert Mugabe is the personality of Zimbabwe.
• Newton was of English Origin.
• George Bush is 44th US president and 15th to be elected twice.
• Greatest number of space walk (10) is held by Alexander Serebrov of Russia.
• Goethe was German in origin.
• Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. His tomb is in the city of Kasur.
• Haroon ur Rashid belonged to Abbasid dynasty.
• Shakespeare was of Great Britain.
• Firdusi was a Persian poet.
• President Roosevelt of USA delivered his famous Four Freedoms speech in 1941.
• 1993, Madam Tansu Cillar became prime minister of Tukey.
• Luther King is associated with the reformation movement.
• Duke of Wellington was of England.
• F.D Roosevelt was elected as president for three times.
• Pablo Picasso was born in Spain and settled in Paris.
• Slobodan Milosevic belonged to Yugoslavia.
• Michael Keamay of USA graduated at the age of 10 years.
• The name of American magnate Rockefeller is related to Iron Industry.
• Famous Lady Helen Keller belonged to US.
• The American general who acted as the supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe during the second world war was D.D Eisenhower.
• Ajmeer is fomous for a sufi saint’s tomb named Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti.
• Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of Versailles.
• Germany remained in grip of allied occupation from 1994 to 1952.
• British rules over India about 90 years.
• Shogun period (1603-1867) is related to Japan.
• There are 5 lending religions in the world.
• Christians faced stiff opposition from Romans.
• Worst explosion, Dec 3, 1984 occurred in Bhopal (India).
• 1500- Value colossus was the first programmable computer of the world. It was put to use in Dec 1943 in UK.
• The ancient Chinese were great scientists and invertors, they invented magnetic compass during Hun dynasty.
• On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldren landed on the moon.
• In Opium war Britain fought against China.
• Gulf war Jan 1991 stopped in Feb 28, 1991.
• Iran-Iraq was started in Sep 1980 and ended in Aug1988.
• Soviet Union Officially broke up on Dec 26, 1991.
• At the end of Second World War in 1945, Germany was divided among 4 major powers.
• Fighting broke out between Greeks and the Turks in July 1974.
• Akbar the great ruled the India from 1556-1605 A.D.
• Before Independence East Timor was being ruled by Indonesia.
• Shah Barendra family was assassinated in Nepal 2 June 2001.
• Imam Ayatullah Khumani Brought about an Islamic revolution in Iran by ousting Shah Reza Shah in the year 1979.
• The famous British Naval commander, who defected the French Naval Fleet at Nile in 1788 and at Trafalgar in 1805 was Horatio Nelson.
• Columbia Space shuttle broke up on re-entry to Earth on Feb 1, 2003.
• Doer war fought between South Africa and British.
• Han Dynasty was in China.
• People’s Republic of chine gained its independence in 1949 under the leadership of Mao-Zedong.
• In China the Cultural Revolution lasted from 1966-1969.
• Sumerian Civilization were settled in Euphrates and Tigris regions.
• Hanover dynasty belonged to Great Britain.
• Great Wall of China was built in 204 BC.
• Hapsburg dynasty, Weimer republic, Third Reich belongs to Germany.
• USA dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945.
• Delhi Sultans were of Lodhi Dynasty.
• Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865.
• Hong Kong was returned to china on 1 July 1997.
• Glorious Revolution in England took place in 1688. A.D.
• Iraqi general who brought about military revolution in Iraq by ousting kind Faisal on 14th July 1958 was Abdul Karim Qasim.
• A French economist named Francois Quesnay proposed the concept of Laissez-Faire in the 18th Century.
• The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935.
• American war of Independence started in 1776 and came to an end in 1783.
• In 1982 the Falklands war was fought between Britain and Argentina.
• Sadam Hussain Became President in 1979.
• After breakup Grobachev became president of USSR.
• Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941.
• The currency Euro was launched on 1 Jan 1999.
• In April 1986 the place named CHERNOBYL gained world fame due to accident in Atomic Reactor.
• Alexander died in Babylon in 322 B.C.
• Berlin Wall kept East and West Germany divided for 28 years. It was dismantled by East German Gov. on Nov 18th 1989.
• Mohen jo Daro was founded by Sir John Marshall, also know as mound of dead. The people residing there were traders by profession. There is found of statue of bull, which denotes that people were worshippers of it.
• Taj Mahal is locted in Agra, the white marble mausoleum built by shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal in 1529. It was designed by Shiraz (Iranian Architect) over twenty years.
• Taxilla is the ancient city of the province of Punjab. It is the site of ancient archeological excavation.
• The place named Normandy became worlds famous due to the D.Day landgin during the Second World War on 6th June 1944. Normandy is located in France.
• After the First World War the Dawes Plan was launched in year 1924.
• Industrial Revolution first started in Britain.
• After the first world war (1914-18) the Allies signed a treaty of Sevres in 1920 with Turkey.
• The Marshal Plan was announced on 5th June 1947 at Harvard.
• Statue of liberty is 151 feet tall. It is made of copper, located in the Liberty Island in New York. It was presented by France to US. It unveiled in 1886.
• The original residents of India before the arrival of the Aryan were Dravidians.
• Romulus founded the city of Rome in 753 B.C.
• Buddhism is non-theistic religion.
• Majority of the population of Vietnam comprise of Buddhist.
• Naval Missile Brahmos Cruise Missile is an Indian Missile.
• Cambodian language has 74 Alphabets.
• China’s population is about 1261 million.
• Hellas is the word appears on the postage stamp of Greece.
• A group of Nightingales is called a Watch.
• Young fish is called fingerling.
• Joey is the kid of Kangaroo.
• Gam of Whales.
• Northern Europe is known with Scandinavian Region and Nordic Region.
• Countries Area wise-Russia-Canada-China-USA-Brazil.
• 250 children born every minute.
• AAA, Agricultural Adjustment Act is related to President Roosevelt.
• Currently out of the worlds population the Muslims are one fifth.
• Virtue party belongs to Turkey.
• The Gurkhas are the original inhabitants of Nepal.
• Federal system has central and provincial government.
• The international customary laws which allow states to punish as offender are known as criminal Juris Gentium.
• The term “In Camera” is used for the trial of case when case is heard without reporting to public.
• Latin term De Jure means by Law.
• The word Iron Curtain was used by Winston Churchill.
• Reconciliation means when third party investigates and suggests a solution to a dispute.
• In literacy term the dramatic work with aims at exciting laughter is called Farce.
• Aquiline is for eagle.
• Bovine is for cattle.
• Canine is for dog.
• Caprine is for goat.
• Corvine is for crow.
• Equine is for horse.
• Feline is for horse.
• Leonine is for cat.
• Lupine is for wolves.
• Ovine is for sheep.
• Pavonine is for peacock.
• Psittacine is for parrot.
• Simian is for apes, monkey.
• Ursine is for bear.
• Vulpine is for fox.
• Gallup poll is the method of assessing public opinion through representative expression of opinion of cross reaction of the population of a country.
• Tax on import and Export is called Tariff.
• Antwerp is called by the name of key to the common market.
• Stone Age is also known as Paleolithic period.
• Orangutan means man of the woods.
• Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and the Bay of Bengal.
• Agraphia means inability to write.
• King Faisal is called “The Islamic Coordinator”.
• The creator of “Mona Lisa” belonged to Italy.
• The Labor party believes in Socialism.
• The US Senate comprises 100 members.
• “Warsak Dam” has been built on the River Kabul.
• 5 June is known as World Environment Day.
• “The Sun also Rises” is written by Earnest Hemingway.
• Black Death reaches England in 1348.
• Intifada denotes Palestinian uprising.
• Caucasus is situated between Caspian and Black Sea.
• Kabul in the largest city of Afghanistan.
• Akbar was died at Agra in 1650.
• In 1783 Britain acknowledged the independence of USA.
• The term cartel refers to Unity of parties, factions or nation in a common cause.
• Term the belief in the “rightness” of rule is legitimacy.
• Tyranny is the form of government in which one person rules arbitrarily.
• Barbers invaded North Africa before Arabs.
• Popular name of Canada is Land of Maple.
• American’s parliament is Congress.
• Largest oil company belong to USA is The Ecxon Corporation.
• New name of Lyallpur is Faisalabad.
• Indian city, Ahmedabad, is associated to textile industry.
• ‘National People’s Assembly’ belongs to Algeria.
• Aeroflot is Russia’s airline.
• Bakhtar is the news agency of Afghanistan.
• Croix de Guerre is the highest military award of France.
• The currency of Syria is pound.
• Som is the currency of Uzbekistan.
• Machiavelli was born in Florence.
• Montesquieu wrote ‘the spirit of laws’.
• Rousseau was born in Geneva.
• Bentham is the father of utilitarianism.
• Lenin was a Bolshevik leader.
• Hitler’s theory of the state is known as National Socialism.
• John Locke advocated basic human rights.
• Montesquieu was a political sociologist.
• Mao joined communist party in 1921.
• Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988, by the intervention of U.N.
• 8 furlongs make one mile.
• Balloki barrage is located on Ravi.
• Loan to a corporation is ‘debt funding’.
• Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan.
• Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom.
• Boxing is called ‘noble art of self defence’.
• 50 nations are there in Africa.
• Fort Monroe is located at Suleiman hills.
• Derawar fort is located in Cholistan Desert.
• Relli is the name of a game.
• Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound.
• Due to buffer system, human blood has a ph of 7.4.
• General secretariat of the European parliament is in Luxemburg.
• On 2nd August, 1990, Iraq occupied Kuwait.
• The term ‘intifada’ means uprising.
• The city of Jerusalem is known as ‘Al Quran’.
• Headquarter of PLO is in Tunisia.
• In East Jerusalem ‘wailing wall’ is a sacred place of Jews.
• Hindenburg line is a boundary line between Poland and Germany.
• Changa Manga, part of Punjab, is famous for Sheesham Timber forest.
• The shape of the baseball is
• Karl Marx belonged to Germany.
• ‘Bear’ is a symbol of Russia.
• ‘Tripitak’ is the holy book of Buddhists.
• Duke Wellington won the battle of Waterloo.
• King Faisal was shot dead by his nephew in 1975, in the city of Riyadh.
• Nepal is the only Hindu state in the world.
• Indus Valley civilization was destroyed by Aryans.
• Samudar Gupta is called ‘Napoleon of India’.
• The theme of the famous play ‘Caesar and Cleopatra’ by G.B. Shah is a History.
• Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in America.
• The reign of Razia Sultana lasted for 3 years.
• ‘Gita or Vedas’ are the holy books of Hindus.
• Holy prophet (p.b.u.h.) had been poisoned by a Jewish hostess at the time of the conquest of Khyber.
• Khalid bin Waleed had been titled as ‘saif-ullah’.
• Iraq is called the ‘site of ancient civilization’.
• Uqba-bin-Nafah is called ‘Muslim Alexander’.
• ‘Lords’ is famous a cricket ground in England.
• During the civil war the supporter of the parliament came to be called Roundheads- supporters of OLIVER CROMWELL and the parliamentarians against KING CHARLES 1 during the ENGLISH CIVIL WAR.
• The queen can do no wrong means the queen is immune from the jurisdiction of law.
• The federal government of the USA came into existence on 30th April, 1787.
• In America the residuary powers are vested in the sates.
• Virginia, one of US states, is called the MOTHER OF PRESIDENTS.
• The term of a US senator is 6 years.
• The anti federalists later on assumed new name ‘CAVALIERS’.
• Republican Party was founded by Alexander Hamilton.
• The American president Mr. Roosevelt was elected for four times.
• The American declaration of independence was issued in 1783.
• Waris shah is called the ‘Shakespeare of Punjabi literature’.
• ‘The pharos of Alexandria ‘, an ancient wonder, was situated in an Island near Alexandria was a light house.
• The poetry of Jalal-ud-Din was in Persian language.
• Aibak died while playing game, POLO.
• General Rommel is called ‘desert fox’.
• PM Indira Gandhi was assassinated by Sikhs in 1984.
• Faiz Ahmed Faiz is the only Pakistani poet who got ‘LENIN PRIZE’.
• ‘Blue mosque’, also known as the mosque of ‘Sultan Ahmad’, is the only mosque in the world that has six minarets, and it is situated in Istanbul.
• Omar bin Abdul Aziz was a caliph of Umayyad dynasty.
• Mizzini was known as the ‘the prophet of Italian Unification’.
• Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet.
• National game of Switzerland is skiing.
• .
• UAE consists of seven independent states. Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Fujaira are three of the seven states.
• Safety stock of the grains hold by the government is ‘overhead stock’.
• General sales tax, under the constitution 1973 is a Federal subject.
• Abdur Rasheed was the first chief Justice was the first chief justice of Pakistan.
• Zafarullah khan was the first foreign minister of Pakistan.
• House of lord is the final court of appeal in England.
• Two terms tenure of US parliament was fixed in 1951.
• The federalists later on assumed new name, Republicans.
• The lower house of France consists of National assembly.
• ‘Cherie Blaire’ is the 1st day of England.
• All light waves have same frequency.
• Buddhism accounts for 100% total population in Bhutan.
• Mauritius is the part of the world that is known as ‘star and key of the Indian ocean’.
• Tower of silence is Place where dead remains of followers of Zoroastrian are placed after funeral rituals.
• Who was Bismarck: German Politician and statesman.

• Shale is not a metamorphic rock.
• Shah Jehan is called the ‘master builder’.
• Big Ben is a clock placed on British parliament.
• Pristine is the capital of Kosovo.
• To show the distribution of people of Pakistan we should use ‘Do method’.
• Hieroglyphics is the script of Nile Civilization.
• General Sherman is a living old tree in California State of U.S.
• After persistent decay, radium would be finally changed into Lead.
• World's largest delta is in Bangladesh.
• Grand Canyon National Park in U.S.A. is located in the State of Arizona.
• Marseilles is the seaport of France.
• Robindranath Tagore was A Bengali novelist.
• Who wrote 'Muslim Sufferings under Congress Rule':Maulvi Fazlul Haq.
• Sindh Sagar is between the rivers of: Indus and Jhelum.
• Nanga Parbat is commonly known as: Killer mountain.
• Who invented CD. (Compact Disc: James T. Russell.
• Bio-diesel is prepared: From oilcake.
• Videotape used in camcorders to record audio and video signal employee Fine grains of Iron oxide.
• The real brother of Hazrat Yousuf A.S was Bin-Yamin.
• The founder of Falmid dynasty was Al-Mahdi.
• Insulin drug was discovered by Paul Langerhans.
• Taliban movement in Afghanistan emerged from Kandhar.
• Largest coal deposits have been discovered in which Taluka of Sindh Province: Diplo.
• Kalhora rulers of Sindh were originally Hashmi Sayeds.
• Nubian Monuments are located in Egypt.
• Pakistan's largest oil fields are located in District Badin.
• The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen Shepherd.
• Annual Census in Pakistan is carried out every 10th year.
• Shaheed Benazir Bhutto became first woman Prime Minister of Pakistan on December 2, 1988.
• The D-Day operation during IInd World War was launched on the coast of Normandy.
• Speed of sound in air is? 1200 KM/Hour
• How many planets are is solar system? 8
• Which cell does not have a nucleus? RBC
• Abusive Drug Which Cells Of Body Most Effected? Brain
• Crime rate is? 1,000 persons per year
• Who killed Abu-Jahal? Maaz & Mauz
• Pakistan Falls in? Golden Triangle
• Major export of Pakistan is? Cotton
• On US map Alaska State is on? Away from mainland
• British occupied Punjab?. 1849
• In English Dictionary Which Word Has Largest Words? S
• What are Capital goods? Goods used for further production
• Winter rains in Pakistan come from Mediterrenian Sea.







• Horse is the Chinese name given to the year 2000.
• Pollen is produced in a part of the flower called the Calyx.
• After drinking contaminated water you would be most apt to develop symptoms of ‘typhoid fever’.
• Panini was a great scholar of Sanskrit language.
• Hundred years war fought between France and Britain during 1338-1453.
• Wenceslas square is in Prague.
• The first Afro-Asian conference held in April 1955.
• Hot money is said for money which moves from one place to another to seek profit or high rate of interest.
• Eritrea gained independence on 24th May, 1993.
• Under an agreement with Italy, Vatican city came into being as a sovereign state on 11th February, 1929.
• Charles K Rhodes developed an X-Ray emitting laser in 1990.
• Son meter is an instrument used to study the behavior of vibrating string.
• Liver receives blood from the alimentary canal through hepatic portal vein.
• At the equator, the equation of the day is 12 hours.
• Singapore city is known as ‘lion city’.
• The instrument used for measuring the velocity of wind is known as anemometer.
• The chemical name of baking soda is sodium bicarbonate.
• Pharaoh is the title of the king of ancient Egypt. They ruled Egypt for 25 centuries.
• National Institute of Oceanography Karachi was established in 1983.
• Lord Chesterfield quoted ‘idleness is only the refuge of weak minds’.
• Dr.Abdussalam was awarded Nobel Prize in 1979.
• The largest city of South Africa is Cape Town.
• Two boundary commissions were appointed to demarcate the boundaries between two new states, Pakistan and India.
• After joining congress, Muslim League joined the interim government in October 1946.
• NPT came into force on 1970.
• The Bofors scandal occurred in India.
• Czar is the title used by the ruler of Russia from 1547 to 1721.
• Gorgon is a terrible monster of Greek mythology.
• Flying foxes are tropical foxes that can fly.
• The reduction or elimination of inflation is called creeping inflation.
• Canada is a leading producer of wood pulp in the world.
• London carnival was first started in 1964.
• Indira Gandhi was the famous PM who first used the popular slogan ‘gharibi hatao’.
• The successful cloning of a sheep was reported by scientist from Roslin Institute Edinburgh (UK) in 1998.
• The new name of Yalamlam is As-Sadiya.
• Czar title was used by the rulers of Russia from 1547 to 1721.
• Gulf Stream is an ocean current named after the Gulf of Mexico.
• Gorgon is a terrible monster of Greek mythology.
• A pair of scissors is an example of a lever.
• Pair of doors belongs to the second class of lever.
• During the winter months 90% of fallen leaves are taken underground by earth worm.
• Dick Turpin was a highway man.
• Jamaica was granted full independence on 6th August, 1962.
• Four US presidents are so far assassinated.
• Sinai Peninsula was vacated and returned to Egypt in 1982.
• Incident ‘Boston Tea Party’ took place in America.
• Initially, Arab league has seven countries.
• Nixon Doctrine was outlined in July 1969.
• King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is elected for 5 years term.
• Timbola is a kind of lottery.
• The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can become deaf is 129 lbs.
• Dr. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953.
• Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War correspondent.
• A meteorological term for a high pressure is called anticyclone.
• Zenda vesta is a holy book of parsis.
• Islamic summit Minar is erected in Lahore.
• Privatization program began in Pakistan is 1991.
• National anthem of Pakistan was played for the first time on August 13, 1954.
• Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the movement of the lungs.
• Chomas festival is held in Kalash valley near Chitral.
• Docking means rendezvous and link up of spacecraft.
• Defense day is celebrated in Pakistan since 1966.
• Name of a famous mosque in Beijing is Niujie Mosque.
• Flag flown at half mast means national mourning.
• Maginot line divides France from Germany.
• Declaration of human rights was adopted on 10th December, 1984.
• Olive branch is a sign of peace.
• Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple.
• Christopher Wren designed St. Paul’s cathedral in London.
• Afghanistan was known as Ariana.
• Anundsen discovered South Pole in December 14, 1911.
• The first European scientist, who refuted the belief that the earth was the centre of the universe, was Copernicus.
• The hundred year war actually lasted for 114 years.
• Lenin was the founder of the Russian socialist state.
• Prior to independence, Ghana was called ‘Gold Coast’.
• Tanzania was formed by the unification of two countries, Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
• The first atomic power station of Pakistan was installed in Karachi.
• Star fish is not a star fish but a spiny-skin (Echinodermata) marine animal.
• 760 miles/hr is the speed of sound.
• 1480, 00,000 km is the distance from sun to earth.
• Temperature of Sun is 6000 degree C.
• Necent state in which atomic state of an element as a result of chemical reaction in which it a more active than in ordinary molecular state.
• Islam was introduced to China in the middle period of the seventh century.
• Drinker’s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood.
• Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made.
• Dewar’s flask is called as thermos.
• Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy.
• Chief food of mosquito larva is micro organism found in water.
• Chief food of butterfly larva is leaves of plants.
• Corn adds more oxygen to the atmosphere than it removes.
• Euspongia is known as natural bath sponge.
• Live Fluke, biologically called Fasciola, is found in liver of sheep.
• Earthworm is a bi-sexual.
• Eyes of insects are compound.
• Silk is obtained from cocoon of silk worm.
• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit.
• Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. It is due to Fluorescence.
• The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation.
• If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black.
• Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light.
• Skin does not excrete oil.
• Plants growing in extremely dry condition are called Xerophytes.
• Roots absorb water from soil which is Hygroscopic.
• Legumes increase the fertility of the soil by adding nitrogen to the soil.
• New varieties of organisms can be brought about by hybridization.
• Male child is born if xy chromosomes are united.
• Fertilization is fusion of two game tics of different strains.
• Fruit developed from single ovary is called simple fruit.
• Seeds are developed from Ovule.
• Parthenocarpic fruits are seedless fruits.
• Grains swell in water due to imbibitions.
• Chlorophyll contains magnesium.
• Mahalanobis model laid great emphasis on development of heavy industries.
• Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost.
• The rate of transpiration depends upon frequency of Stomata.
• Light is necessary for photosynthesis because it produce ATP and reducing substance.
• Oxygen liberated from photosynthesis comes from water.
• Red light is most suitable for photosynthesis.
• Respiration means food oxidation and evolution of energy.
• Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called Cryo-Bilogy.
• The organisms which are the only living membrane of their group and link two major groups are called Living Fossil.
• Mammals cannot be cold blooded.
• Trypanosome a parasite causing sleeping sickness.
• Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight.
• Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick.
• In Nuclear DNA is concentrated in chromatin.
• Proteins are synthesized by golgi bodies.
• Cellulose respiration is done by Mitochondrion.
• Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to the activity of Chloroplast.
• Protoplasm is a colloidal solution.
• Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte.
• In cryptograms, the sex organs are primitive and hidden.
• Thallophytia include algae, fungi, and lichens.
• Carl Linneus is famous for binomial system of nomenclature.
• Angiosperm includes the plants which have covered flowers and covered seed.
• Plant cells resembles animal cell because having a cell membrane made up of protoplasm.
• Snake have been evolved from lizard.
• Plants in which seed are outside the fruit are called Gymnosperms.
• 0.200 grams are equal to one carat.
• One million cycles per second is called Megahertz.
• Linseed oil is used while oil painting.
• Smell is the weakest sense in Birds.
• Owl can rotate his head to 180 degrees on either sides.
• Ostrich eat pebbles for helping digestion by grinding up the ingested food.
• The cuckoo sneaks its eggs into other birds’ nest to hatch.
• Dyne is a unit of Force.
• Birds are warm blooded animals.
• Birds bones are hollow.
• Oven birds build strong nests.
• Weaver birds are called to the birds who build their nests.
• Male birds are more colorful than females.
• Birds do not fly are penguins, emus, kiwis, ostriches.
• Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world.
• Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in with tunnel.
• Flaps are used as air brakes.
• Amphibians were the first vertebrate.
• There are three stages of frog. Egg-tadpole-adult frog.
• Metamorphosis - > a series of changes.
• Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) was one of the first to study animal behavior.
• Survive very cold weather or very dry weather by going into a deep sleep. Surviving cold condition like this is called hibernation. Sleeping through hot, dry condition is called aestivation.
• A.D means in the year of our Lord.
• Amal is radical Lebanese Shi’ite military force established in 1970 by Musa Sadr.
• Balfour Declaration was issued in 2 Nov: 1917.
• Yugoslavian city Skopije was destroyed by earthquake in 1963.
• Bootlegging is a form of smuggling.
• Religion of Chinese people is Confucianism.
• Frescois a method of painting on plaster (usually a wall) meaning fresh.
• Kleptomania is an irrational urge to steal.
• Intifada is Palestinian uprising.
• Long March was 9600 km journey organized by Mao Tse Tang in the year of 1931-1934.
• Vnukovo Airport is located at Moscow.
• Mercury Project first manned space programme of USA, carry the first American into space lauched on 5th May, 1961.
• Pan-Islam originated in 1880 in Ottomon Empire was a movement for uniting the Islamic Nations.
• Paper was invented in 3500 BC by Chinese.
• Printing was invented by Chinese.
• Unity, faith & discipline was used by Quaid on Dec: 28, 1947.
• Philately is the hobby of stamp collection.
• Oscar Award was introduced by Louis B Mayer of Metro Goldwin-Mayer Academy Award in 1927.
• First black president of South Africa was Nelson Mandela his party was banned in 1961 and he was imprisioned.
• Feminism is the belief that women subordination to men should end.
• Balfour Declaratoin issued in 2 Nov: 1917.
• Yougoslavian city Skopije was destroyed by earthquake in 1963.
• Bootleggin is a form of smuggling.
• River boat Gondola is used in Italy’s city Venice.
• Hydaspes River is now called the Jhelum River.
• Dinosaur means “Terrible” lizard.
• The name of heaviest dinosaur was Branchiosaurus.
• Fresco is a method of painting on plaster it means fresh.
• Kleptomania is an irrational urge to steal.
• Ikhwan as Safa, a secret Arab organization was founded in Basra, Iraq.
• Intifada is Palestinian uprising.
• Long March, a 9600-km journey in 1934 was undertook by Chinese Communists under Mao De Tong.
• Vnukovo airport is in Moscow.
• Pan-Islam, a movement for uniting the Islamic Nations was started in 1880 in Ottoman Empire.
• Paper was invented in 3500 B.C by Chinese.
• Great Pyramid at Giza is the largest Pyramid built in Egypt.
• St. Vitus’s Dance is a disease.
• Resin is sticky liquid that emits from plants.
• Pyramids of Egypt are the oldest and only survived wonder.
• Guru (teacher) Nanak was the founder of Sikhism.
• Silk was made firstly in China.
• Skylab was space laboratory launched in 1973 by USA.
• The first tanks were used in 1916 during WW-I by British.
• Harward University is in USA, Cambridge is in UK
• Titanic sank on 14 April, 1912 on voyage from Southampton to New York City in North Atlantic.
• Tour De France is French cycle race.
• First women in space Valentine Tereshkove went into space in Vostoc 6 on 16 June 1963.
• Watergate scandal involved President Richard Nixon in 1972.
• Parses follow Zoroastrianism.
• Seatle is the seaport of USA.
• Dickson is the seaport of Malaysia.
• At Hyde Park London public meetings are assembled.
• Red Square is in Moscow.
• Eskimos live in Igloo.
• Blitzkrieg means sudden attack.
• Dragon is the symbol of China.
• Bear is the symbol of Russia.
• Christopher Coloumbus belonged to Italy.
• Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran, Russia & Azerbaijan.
• Magna Carta is known as the Bible of English Constitution.
• Russian equivalent of Pentagon is Kremlin.
• East Timore, the Colony of Portugal, was captured by Indonesia in 1975.
• Tiwan separated from China in 1949.
• American Naval Base “Diego Garcia” is in Indian Ocean.
• Ulster Unionists wanted to retain British rule in Northern Ireland.
• Anti-Semitism means animosity towards Jews.
• Lens at the end of the compound microscope is called objective.
• Protoza was first observed in compound microscope.
• Francisco Fernandez introduced Tobacco in Europe.
• Mobile phones started in 1977.
• Penology is the study, theory and practice of prison management & criminal rehabilitation.
• Length of India-China border is 3,380 km.
• Cyprus gained independence from Britain in 1960.
• Cyprus was divided into Turkish Repbublic of Northern Cyprus and Greek Cyprus in 1974.
• Al-Azhar University I located in Cairo, Egypt.
• Fortress of Grenada, known as Alhamra is in Spain.
• Capital of ancient Babylonia was Babylon.
• Hanging gardens were in Babylon.
• Babylon was on the bank of Euphrates.
• Alma-Ata (Father of Apples) is the capital of Kazakhstan.
• Turkey and Russia are both in Europe & Asia.
• Ireland is also called Eire.
• Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir, Turkey in 1999.
• Pentagon is in Arlington, Virginai state.
• Pentagon was designed by George Burgstrom.
• Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia.
• Cathy Pacific is an island.
• Among the Seven Wonders, Church of Saint Sophia is located in Istanbul.
• Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized Suez Canal in 1956.
• Qutub Minar is in New Delhi.
• Shah Jahan built Taj Mehl for Mumtaz Mehal is located in Agra.
• Capital of Tebet is Lhasa.
• White House is in Washington DC.
• Frigid Zone is the area withing the polar circle area around the South Pole.
• Guantanamo Bay is in Cuba.
• Tartus is the seaport of Syria.
• Statue of Liberty was gifted to US by France in 1884
• Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South Africa.
• House of U.S Congress in Washington D.C is on Capitol Hill.
• Saddam Hussain executed on 30 Dec: 2006.
• The idea of SAARC originated in the mind of Zia ur Rehman.
• Pakistan left Commonwealth in 1972 and rejoined in 1989.
• Mustafa Kamal Pasha gave 6 Principles of Kemalism.
• Dayton Accord was signed to solve the problem of Bosnia.
• MI-5 is the secret agency of UK.
• The Chinese communist party was founded in 1921.
• After 27 years of imprisonment, Mr. Nelson Mandela was released in 1990.
• Scandinavia constitutes 3 states.
• Karl Mark and Engels presented the Communist Manifesto in 1848.
• Soviet Union was replaced by Russian federation in December, 1991.
• Anti-governmental protests in China by students, workers and some government officials took place: Tiananmen Square, in 1989
• The British Secretary of Foreign Affairs A. Balfour announced British support to establish Jewish state in Palestine in November 2, 1917.
• LAIA stands for Latin American Integration Association.
• World population was one billion in 1803.
• Mani was the Judge of world court.
• The Batista regime in Cuba was overthrown by Fidel Castro in January 1959.
• Rasko mountain is situated in Baluchistan
• Singapore became independent in 1965
• The ‘Aid to Pakistan Consortium’ meets every year in: Paris
• One US barrel is equal to: 159 litres

•
Ten Largest Nations
By Area
1. Russia
2. Canada
3. China
4. USA
5. Brazil
6. Australia
7. India
8. Argentina
9. Kazakhstan
10. Sudan
By Population
1. China
2. India
3. USA
4. Indonesia
5. Brazil
6. Russia
7. Pakistan
8. Bangladesh
9. Japan
10. Nigeria
• Smallest by area and population is Vatican City.
• Second smallest by area is Monaco
• Gibraltar is the smallest colony.
• The world’s smallest republic is Nauru.
• Canada has the world’s longest coastline.
• Monaco has a shortest coastline of 3.49 miles.
• Largest continuous frontier is b/w Canada and USA.
• Canada is the country with most lakes.
• Most sparsely populated territory is Antarctica.
• Most densely populated continent is Asia.
• Afghanistan, Bhutan, Mongolia, Nepal are landlocked countries of Asia.
• Extreme temperature was recorded in Aziziya (Libya) 58° C in 1922.
• Lowest temp: was recorded at Vostok, Antarctica -89.2° C.
• Highest rainfall is recorded at Cherrapunji (India).
• Greatest snow fall is recorded at Tamarack California (USA)
• Planetary winds consist of doldrums, trace winds and westerlies.
• Alexandria is the famous city of Egypt, it is also an important sea port.
• Rainfall is recorded on maps by Isohyets.


IMPORTANT GEOGRAPHICAL LINES
• A Curzon line is the polish-Russian frontier setup in 1945.
• Dead line is the line or boundary of a military prison, which prisoners are not allowed to cross.
• Green Line is a demarcation line between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities.
• Hindenburg line separates Germany from Poland.
• Pak-Iran border line was demarcated on 24th Sep: 1872.
• Line of control is b/w Azad Kashmir & Occupied Kashmir.
• Mc Mohan line is the boundary line between India and China. It was demarcated in 1914.
• Radcliff line is the boundary between Pakistan and India. It was demarcated in 1947 by Sir Cyril Radcliff.
• 17th parallel line is the boundary line between North Vietnam and the South Vietnam.
• 24th parallel Line lies in Rann of Kutch. It is frontier between Pakistan and India.
• 38th Parallel line is the boundary between North and South Korea.
• 49th Parallel Line is the boundary line between Canada and the USA.
• Plimsoll Lime is a horizontal line on a merchant ship to which a ship the upper limit to which a ship may be legally loaded.
• Dead line is a boundary line around a military prison which prisoners are forbidden to cross.
• Durand line is 1300 mile long frontier b/w Pakistan & Afghanistan demarcated in 1893-95. it has over 200 passes.
• Green line is a painted line in Nicosia (Cyprus) that serves as a demarcation line b/w Greek & Turkish Cypriot communities.
• Maginot line is French line of fortification built in WWII along the German border form Switzerland to Belgium. It divides France from Germany.
• Maginot line divides France from Germany.
•
• Mannerheim line was defensive fortification line on the Karelian Isthmus built by Finland against the Soviet Union.
• Oder-neisse Line was boundary b/w Germany & Poland during WWII.
IMPORTANT STREETS
• Bond Street is located in London. It is famous for tailoring and jewelry.
• Dalal Street is located in Mumbai (India). It is the stock exchange market of Mumbai.
• Drowning Street No. 10 is located at Westminster (England). It is famous for the official residence of the British Prime Minister. It was named after Sir George Drowning, a diplomat under Cromwell and King Charles II.
• Elgin Street is located in Scotland. It is the world’s shortest street.
• Young Street is located in Toronto (Canada). It is the longest street in the world.
• Vicolo della virilita is the world’s narrowest street.
• Canal Street is the widest street in USA.
• Broadway (USA) is famous for various theaters and cinema halls. It is regarded as biggest street in the world.
• Fleet Street is in London where newspaper offices and press agencies are located.
• The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street
•
• Lombart Street is located in San Francisco. This street is also called the Crookedest Street. It is the financial centre in San Francisco.
• Wall Street is located in New York. It was built in 1653. It is famous for banking, finance and stock exchange market.
• In which London Street is the US embassy- Grosvener Square.
GENERAL
• The country which provides free education at university level is Sri Lanka.
• The country to adopt gold standard for the first time was UK.
• Roman general Mark Anthony was a poor fisherman.
• 6 people lost lives in the Great Fire of London in 1666.
• Bofors scandal occurred in India.
• First system of English short hand was devised in 1602.
• China is situated in Eastern part of Asia.
• Afghanistan is a landlocked country Central Asia (Chk)
• Bosnia-Herzegovina joined the UN on May 22, 1992.
• Capital of Micronesia is Palikir.
• Costa Rica is a Central American country.
• Equator passes through Brazil.
• After Australia, Europe is the smallest continent.
• Sakhalin Islands enriched with oil reserves are claimed by Russia & Japan.
• Changa Manga is famous for sisham Timber forests.
• The total length of railways in Pakistan is 8875 km.
• Sialkot has the highest annual rainfall.
• The largest district of Punjab by area is Bahawalpurj.
• Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance was enforced in 1984.
• Frost shattering kind of weather takes place on the valley side above the surface of a glacier.
• Monsoon wind reverses seasonlally.
• Bermuda triangle extends up to South Florida & Puerto Rico.
•
• Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty relating to environmental problems.
• Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zaklariaya belongs to Chistia order.
• The longest river in South Asia is Brahmputra.
• The length of river Indus is 2880 km.
• The oldest Hydro-electric Project in Pakistan is in Malakand.
• The oldest barrage on the river Indus at Sukkur was built in 1932.
• Europe has no desert.
• Arabia, Scandinavia & Alaska are called Peninsula.
• The richest fishing ground in the world is North Eastern Asia.
• When one place on the earth is on a bigger eastern longitude then its time will be ahead.
• Arakan Yoma: is the exten¬sion of the Himalayas located in Myanmar.
• Cardamom: Karnataka is the largest producer of car¬damom. India is the largest exporter of cardamom in the world.
• Climograph: is a graphical representation of the differentia-tion between various types of climate.
• Cosmic year: One cosmic year is equal to the time taken by the sun to complete one orbit around the galactic centre.
• Date Line, International: International Date Line is an internationally agreed line drawn parallel to the 180° meridian. It divides the Pacific Ocean into two equal parts. A crossing of the International Date Line entails repeating one day when travelling westwards.
• Aberdeen in Scotland is known for Britain’s largest granite-exporitng industry. It is knwn as Granite City.
• Alexander (ship) is the name of the ship in which Charles Darwin toured for five years.
• Which of the following is a characteristic of sedimentary rocks? They are porous
• When does the summer solstice occur in the Southern Hemisphere of our globe? 22nd December
• Mediterranean climate has the characteristic of ‘dry summers with great sunshine and rainy winters’
• Precipitation takes place whentemperature of moisture in air sharply decreases
• Which of the following processes is related to the formation of Himalayas? Folding
• The term ‘Eye’ in a cyclone refers to circular region of relatively light Winds
• Gold Harp bridge of Istanbul connects Asia with Europe.
• 193 countries are in world.
• Land occupied by Asia 29.7 %.
• Thickness of earth crust 20 miles.
• Max height of cloud 20,000.
• Rainfall is recorded on maps by Isohyets.
• 45 Countries are there in Asia, 18 in Latin America.
• A meteorological term for a high pressure is called anticyclone.
•
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
• Theory of mutation was propounded by Hygo de Vries.
• A theory of acquired character was given by Lamark.
• Charles Darwin is famous for his theory of struggle for existence and survival of the fittest.
• Sigmund Freud is called as the father of modern psychiatry and psychology.
• Energy stored in stretched spring is Elastic Potential energy
• Energy stored in fossil fuels is chemical energy
• Radio waves are Electromagnetic waves
• A.C voltage is analogue quantity
• Optical fibers work on polarization of electromagnetic waves
• Condenser is used to collect the charge
• In diesel engine ignition takes place by compression
• A radar uses radio waves to detect enemy aircraft
• Law of floating bodies was given by Archimedes
• Particle with +ve charge but mass equal to electron is positron
• Nucleus of an atom has +ve charge.
• Bosons are Photons and Mesons
• There is no neutron in the atom of hydrogen
• Quark is an atomic particle. Scientists think that proton and neutrons are themselves made of still smaller particles called quarks
• Muttons are particles of atom
• John Dalton, an English scientist, gave Atomic Theory in 1803 describing atom as the smallest unit of an element
• Gas in children’ s balloon is Helium
• Weight of electron = 9.1 x 10 power -31 kg
• Charge on electron = 1.6 x 10 power -19 coulomb
• Weight of proton = 1.66 x 10 power -27 kg
• Charge on proton = 1.6 x 10 power -19 coulomb
• A proton is 1836 times heavier than an electron
• Ordinarily and atom is a neutral particle
• Ernest Rutherford, a New Zealander, in 1908 discovered Atomic Nucleus
• Speed of sound is faster in hot air than in cold air
• Ultrasonic are sound waves of high frequency = 12000 cycles/sec and higher
• Sound travels faster in moist air than in dry air
• Sound travels more rapidly in solids
• Maximum limit of sound beyond which a man can become deaf is 129 decibel
• Audible sound is 20-20,000 cycles/second
• Inaudible sound >20,000 cycles/second
• Velocity of sound at 0 deg: C is 331.7 m/s
• Echo can only be produces when the distance of the obstacle is at least 17 meters
• When we hear a sound, its impressions remain in our ear for 1/10th of a second
• Image persists for about 1/10th of second in our eye
• For creating a persistence of vision, pictures are projected at the rate of 10 or more/sec
• Nuclear Energy is not a source of alternative energy.
• Videotape used in camcorders to record audio and video signal employee fine grains of iron oxide.
• Temperature inside a refrigerator is 40 deg: F
• The laws of reflection were first discovered by a al- Hazen
• 0.200 grams are equal to one carat.
• One million cycles per second is called Megahertz.
• Carbon fiber is made by heating textile fibers. These are used in tennis rackets and racing yacht
• Catalytic converter reduce the harmful fumes the engine emits
• If you double the voltage you double the current (Ohm’s law)
• What product uses the most silver-Camera Film
• The speed of sound depends on the medium through which the waves are passing. The speed of sound in gases depends on what? Density
• Two or more molecules of carbohydrates are linked together through glycosidic bond
• peptide bond b\w amino acids, joined to form proteins, is the linkage b/w N and C
• An android is any robot that: has the ability to make decisions and formulate plans
• Semaphores were used between sailors for many years to communicate between ships
• One of the first long distance communication system invented in 1790 was the semaphores towers
• Telegraph was invented in 1821
• Telephone was invented in1876
• Us inventor Samuel More developed the system of dots and dashes of telegraph that was known as Morse Code
• Scientist now think that protons and Neutrons are themselves made of still smaller particles called quarks.
• Portable gadgets = Mobile phones and portable TVs.
• Derailleur gears are used in Bicycles.
• Motor – cross race is for motor cycles.
• Cantilever brake used in Bicycle.
• Speed of light 300,000 kilometers per second.
• Engineers use electronic theodolite and range-finder to measure the distance and angle to calibrated staff.
• Centigrade and Celsius temperatures are same below freezing point.
• which instrument is used to measure pressure? Manometer
• the velocity of light was first measured by Olaf Roemer
• centigrade and fahrenheit scales gives same readings at 32 degrees


• The first European scientist who refuted the belief that the earth was the centre of the universe was Copernicus.
• Mobile phones transmit message using radio-type waves called microwaves
• Super conductors are also strong diamagnetic this means they strongly repel magnets.
• Super conductors are used in very fast computers and also in trains like Maglevs.
• Electronic theodolite and range finder measures and distance and angle.
• A fluorescent light is a glass tube containing gas which produces UV light when current passed trough it. Tube is coated with phosphor which glows when UV hits it.
• Some of the chemicals from the recycle of old cells are used by liver to make bile which is stored in gall bladder.
• Which is lighter, gold or plastic? Plastic
• Lasers are a special source of light called coherent light this means all the light waves are in step with each other and travel in same direction
• Laser produce light of one particular wavelength and it is s single, pure color.
• The first hologram was make in 1962
• Laser = Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
• Quartz-halogen bulbs are used in overhead projectors and spotlights
• Helium is uses to fill airships and balloons
• Helium is used to pressurize hydrogen fuel in rockets and the air in diver’s air tanks
• Apart from radon, which is radioactive, the noble gases are used in lighting.
• The noble gases have very low boiling points.
• Liquid helium is the coldest substance.
• A gas only becomes liquid at -268.9 deg: C
• Combustion is a kind of oxidation reaction.
• At room temperature the particles in air travel at around 1800 km/h the same speed as a bullet fires from a rifle.
• Generators convert mechanical energy into electrical energy.
• The principle behind the generator is electromagnetic induction. It was discovered by Michael Faraday.
• Lovell telescope is at Jodrell Bank the site for space observatory
• Nicolous Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Poland and was the first to explain the solar system.
• Derailleur gear are used in bicycles
• Cantilever brake is also used in bicycles
• Static electricity makes a balloon stick to the wall after you have rubbed it on your hair.
• John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley in 1947 used a semiconductor called germanium to make the world’s first transistor.
• A diode conducts electricity easily in one direction but resists the flow of electricity in the other.
• A capacitor stores electric charge. Capacitors are important components for making timers.
• Capacitors are used in filtering circuits like treble and bass in hi-fi
• Transistors can be used as logic gates
• Energy value of food items is expressed in kilojoules (kj) or thousands of joules.
• British scientist James Prescott Joule discovered the principle of conservation of energy.
• Which one of the following statements regarding sound is true? Its source is always a vibrating material.
• Weight of an object put in a satellite orbiting in space around the earth is reduced to zero
• Movie camera take pictures at rate of 24 pictures per second
• Density of water is 1
• Water expands as it freezes to ice. This makes ice less dense than water which causes ice to float.
• Heat flows in three ways conduction, convection and radiation
• A concave lens is used for the correction of the Hyperphobia
• Silver metal has the highest electrical conductivity.
• Mohr’s scale hardest substance is diamond - what's the softest: Talc
•
RAYS AND WAVES
• Gamma rays are considered the death rays.
• Gamma rays travel with the velocity of light
• Gamma rays have maximum penetrating power
• Shortest wavelength among alpha, beta and gamma is of gamma rays
• Laser rays are used in micro surgery
• Alpha radiations produce burns on human body
• Newton proved that sunlight consists of different colors
• Beta rays are fast moving electrons.
• Color with shortest wavelength is Blue
• Violet have shortest wave length and Red has longest wavelength (vibgyor)
• Red light’s wave length is 11800 waves/cm (< infra red)
• Least deviated color in prism is red
• Greatest deviated color in prism is indigo (chk violet)
• Violet light’s wave length is 23600 waves/cm (> ultra violet)
• Ultraviolet rays are less than 3000 deg: A
• Greatest value of wavelength is of infra red
• Visible waves are between 400-700 nanometers.
• MOTE = Million Tons of oil equivalent
• REM = Roentgen equivalent in man
• Transverse waves can only be produced in solids
• Longitudinal waves can be produced in solids, liquids and gases
• On passing thought food stuff, x-ray can kill bacteria
• Violet color of light t ravel thought glass with minimum speed
• There is no wavelength of light for color brown.
• White light is a mixture of all the colors in the rainbow.
• Blue has the shortest wavelength and red the longest.
• Radio waves also come from sun and outer space. Astronomers use radio telescope to hear them.
• Radar uses microwaves.
• Anything that is warm produces infrared waves including us. The hotter the thing the more IR.
• Infrared waves are used in TV remote control.
• X-rays have shorter wavelength and more energy than ultraviolet rays.
• Gamma rays come from radioactive materials. They are used to kill cancers.
• Without exposure to ultraviolet light our bodies would not be able to make vitamin D.
• UHF, ultra high frequency are radio waves used for TV broadcast
• Microwaves are used in radar, mobile phones, microwave oven, communication network
• Each light color is of different wavelength.
• Red light has the longest wavelength while violet light has the shortest.
• Waves with a longer wavelength than red light are invisible they are called infrared waves.
• Invisible Ultraviolet wave have wavelength shorter than violet light.
• Red, Blue, Green are prime colors.
• Red + Blue + Green = white
• The wavelength of visible light is between 1350-2500
• An object that reflects all the light looks white.
• Loud speaker converts electrical energy into sound energy.
• Light coloured clothes are generally worn in summer
• The electrical device which transform voltage : transformer
• A nuclear reaction in which two or more than two lighter nuclear are fused together to form a relatively heavier one : nuclear fusion
• The three colours combination which produces the sensation of white light : Red green and blue
• The clear sky looks blue because of dispersion of light
• When light waves travel from air to glass the wavelength and velocity variables are affected.
• Electrical lines of forces are imaginary.
• Frequency distinguishes ultrasound from normal audible sound. Its f > 20,000 Hz.
•

UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
• 1 horse power is 745.7 watts
• 1 horse power = work equal to lifting 550 lbs of weight to one foot for one second
• 1 calorie is equal to 4.2 Joules
• 1 barrel is equal to 159 liters
• 6 feet = 1 fathom
• 1 kwh = 3.6 x 10 power 6 joules
• A 100 watt bulb lights for 1 hour uses 100 watt hour of electricity
• -273 degree centigrade is called absolute zero temperature.
• Standard pressure is 760 mm or 14.7 lb/in2
• Gross is equal to 12 dozens
• Mach 2 = 500 miles per hour
• 1 nautical mile = 1825 meters
• Unit of pressure is Pascal
• Force is measured in Newton (SI), Dyne (CGS)
• At -40 deg F Fahrenheit scale is equal to centigrade scale
• Hertz and Angstrom are units of frequency
• Units of work and energy are Joule and Erg (CGS)
• Diopter is unit of power of lens
• Unit is density is kg/m3
• Unit of power is watt, BTU (Board of Trade Unit)
• Unit of electric charge is Coulomb
• Unit of voltage is volt
• Unit of electric resistance is ohm
• Unit of capacitance is Farad
• Unit of magnetic flux is Weber, Tesla
• Unit of radio activity is Becquerel
• Unit of luminous intensity is candle, lux
• Unit of crude oil is Barrel
• Unit of volume of water is cusec, cubic/sec
• Unit of admittance is Mho
• Unit of intensity or loudness of sound is bel
• Unit of viscosity is Poise
• Unit of flight speed is Mach I
• Unit of atmospheric pressure is milli bar
• Unit of wave length of light is Angstrom
• Unit of energy is Electron volt
• Unit of brightness is Lambert
• Unit of luminous flux is Lumen
• Intensity of illumination or unit of luminosity is Lux, Candela and Candle power
• Unit of magnetic pole strength is Weber
• Unit of RAD (Radiation Absorbed Dose) is Gray
• Unit of Electric Current is Ampere
• Unit of inductance is Henry
• Unit of conductance is siemens.
• Unit of heat is Joule, Calorie, BTU (British Thermal Unit)
• Radio activity is measured in currie
• Rutherford : strength of radioactivity
• Torr: pressure
• Fermi : length [A unit of length equal to one femtometer (10-15 meter)]
• Sved berg unit:sedimentation rate
• Dioptre: power of lense
• Mho : conductivity
• Henry: inductance
• Maxwell: magnetic flux
• Becquerel: radioactivity
• Kilo watt hour: power
• Coulomb: unit of electrical charge
• Weber: unit of magnetic flux
• Tesla: unit of magnetic flux density
• Siemen: unit of conductance
• Rutherford: unit of rate of decay of radioactive material
• Faraday: unit of electric charge
• Angstrom: unit of length, used especially to specify radiation wavelengths
• Parsec: unit of astronomical length
• Degree: unit of measurement of an angle
• Steradian: Unit of solid angle measurement
• Dyne is a unit of Force.
• SI unit of pressure is Pascal.
• Curie is a unit of : radioactivity
• Pascal Sound Pressure
• Torr Pressure
• Curie Intensity of radioactivity
• Angstrom Unit of length
• Light year The distance light travels in a year
• Dioptre Lens refractive power
• Horse power Unit of Power
• Radian Unit of angular measure
• Candela Unit of luminous intensity
• Mole unit of amount of substance
• What is measured in units called phon- Sound 192
• What is measured in grains - four grains to a carat- Pearls
• Unit of electromotive force in Volt.
• What is the SI unit of illumination -Lux
• Gross is equal to 12 dozen.
• Ozone is measured in percent age.
• An object traveling at Mach 2 is traveling approximately at 500 mph.(chk)
• What is measured on the Gay-Lussac scale: Alcohol strength
• Chronometer is used to measure... time
• Anemometer is used to measure... Wind Speed
• The clusec is the unit measuring the power of what Vacuum pumps
• One million cycles per second is called Megahertz.
• 0.200 grams are equal to one carat.
• Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte.
• 8 furlongs make one mile.
• A billion contain 1000 million. It has 9 zeroes. Similarly a trillion has 12 zeroes,a quadrillion 15 zeroes,a quintillion 18 zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes.
• One inch is equal to 2.5400 cms and one mile is equal to 1.6093 kms.
• One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter.
• 2.47105 acres is equal to what SI unit-Hectare
• What word describes one tenth of a nautical mile-Cable
• What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados
• unit of sound named after- Alexander Graham Bell - Decibel
• The density Smoke is measured on the Rngelmann scale-
• Unit of electromotive force in Volt.
• Power is measured in Watts (w).
• Resistance was discovered by Girge Ohm in 1826, and is measured in ohms.
• Electricity does not flow through a circuit by itself. It needs a ‘push’, or energy, to keep it moving. We call this energy the voltage of the circuit. Voltage is measured in volts (v).
• The German scientist George Ohm (1787-1854) is best remembered for working out ohm’s law. He discovered that they voltage across a conductor such as a trip of metal or a wire – and the current following through it always vary in the same proportion. So if you double the voltage, you double the current. This is incredibly useful; because it lets you predict the current you will get for a particular voltage.
• The thickness of silk is measured in what- Denier
• Ohm’s law does not apply to semiconductors and conductors when there is change in temperature.
• In our houses we get 220 V a.c. The value of 220 V represents the effective voltage.
• One unit of electric power is consumed when 10 A of current flows for 1 hour at 100 V. 1 Unit = 1 kw hr = 1000 w hr = 100 x 10 x 1 hr
• If the same note is played on a flute and a sitar, one can still distirguish b/w them because they differ in quality.
• A negatively charged glass rod has always less protons than electrons.
• The wavelength of the X-rays is of the order of 0.1 nanometer.
• Red, green and blue are known as primary colours. These are colours which cannot be produced by mixing with other colours.
• Scattering of light ___ the duration of the day (make)
• Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of matter called Capillary Action
• a primary cell can ___ be charged again (not)
• When a person can see nearer objects but not the distant ones he is said to be suffering from : nearsightedness (myopia)
• ATP is a molecule containing high energy bonds.
• An example of inorganic compound is carbon monoxide.
• The time period of a pendulum on moon increases.
• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit.
• Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. It is due to Fluorescence.
• Shortsightedness can be corrected with the use of Concave.
• Rectifier converts AC into DC
• Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy.
• Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made.
• Drinker’s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood.
• Dewar’s flask is called as thermos.
•
• The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation.
• If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black.
• Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light.
• Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost.
• Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that substance to decompose radioactivity to half of its weight.
• Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to the activity of Chloroplast.
• Sunlight is composed of seven colours
• Oil rises in a wick of oil lamp on account of a property of matter called Capillary Action
• What is a Fata Morgana- Type of Mirage
•
• Freon-trademark for any of a number of chemical compounds containing fluorine, and often chlorine or bromine. Use: as solvents, as aerosol propellants, in refrigeration. It is commonly used in refrigerator.

UNIVERSE
• Cheron is the moon of Pluto
• Total number of satellites are 31 (chk: 50)
• Blue color of sky is due to Tyndal Effect
• Our solar system contains 50 satelites
• Total planets in solar system are 8
• Distance of sun from earth is 150 million km = 1 a.u (angstrom unit)
• Moon from earth is 385,000 km
• Outer surface of sum is called photosphere
• Sun has 90% hydrogen, 8% helium and 2% other elements.
• Temperature at surface of sun is 6000K and at its center 20 million K
• Venus reflects highest percentage of light
• Morning star is called to Venus.
• Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise
• Rhea is the fifth natural satellite of Saturn.
• Speed of earth in orbit around sun is 8.5 miles per second.
• The only planet which rotates on its axis from East to West is Uranus
• Uranus is called lopsided planet
• Uranus contain atmosphere of Hydrogen and Helium
• Period of rotation of earth on axis is 1 day or 23 hrs, 56 minutes & 4.09 seconds.
• Period of revolution of Earth around Sun is 356 days, 6 hrs, 9 minutes & 9.54 seconds.
• Volume of Earth is 260 billion cubic miles.
• Weight of earth is 6586x10 power 18 tons
• Rings of Saturn were discovered by Galileo in 1610
• Titan, the largest moon in solar system is of Saturn
• Triton is a satellite of Neptune
• Planet referred as Morning Star and Evening Star is Venus
• Venus’ atmosphere is 90 times thicker than earth’s.
• The temperature of Venus’ surface is about 430 deg: C
• Biggest Comet known to man is kohoutek
• Only planet whose day is longer than its year is Venus
• Brightest visible star is Sirus
• Star nearest to earth is Sun
• Atmosphere of sun has 3 layers
• Sun spots are the cooler areas of sun
• In 28 days moon returns to the same position in its orbit
• The light coming from stars give the idea of their temperature.
• A light year is equal to 9.46 trillion km
• Sun radiated energy equal to 10 trillion of TNT explosion
• Mercury is nearest to the sun, smallest and fastest planet, with shortest rotation time. Moon = 0
• Venus is the brightest, hottest, closest to earth and earth’s twin in size and mass, has largest quantity of CO2 Moon = 0
• Earth is most dense, watery, bios planet. Moon = 1
• This is an instrument used for measuring the altitude of a celestial body: sextant
• Mars moon = 2- Phobos and Deimos
• Mars is named after the Roman god of war.
• Mars is called Red planet
• Mars is half the size of earth
• Europa is a moon of Mars (chk
• Mars contain atmosphere of carbondioxide
• Jupiter is largest, with largest number of satellites, smallest day, with a red spot. Moon = 63
• Jupiter is 11(or 10) times larger than earth
• Europa is the moon of Jupiter.
• CHIIRON is the larges comet in the universe.
• Solar eclipse occurs at new moon
• Sun is 400 times larger than moon
• Lunar eclipse occurs at full moon.
• Halos around the moon are formed because of the phenomenon of ___ (optical phenomena)
•
• Jupiter is the fastest planet of the solar system
• The Asteroid Belt is found between which of the following planets? Mars and Jupiter
• The visible part of the Sun is called Photosphere
• Corona is the outer most halo of the Sun.
• Mercury and Venus are without Satellites.
• The largest crater on the surface of moon is called to Bailly.
• The earth is calculated to b 4540 million years old.
• A ‘shooting star’ is a meteor.
• At 7050 km per hour, Sun rotate on its axis.
• 510 million square kilometers is the total surface area of the earth.
• The northern polar lights are called Aurorae Borealis, and southern polar lights are called Aurorae Australis.
• The pulsating universe theory explains the evolution of universe.
• 760 miles/hr is the speed of sound.
• 1480, 00,000 km is the distance from sun to earth.
• Temperature of Sun is 6000 degree C.
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• Saturn is least dense moon = 56
• Saturn is the second largest planet.
• Planet with maximum number of moons is Saturn
• Planet with ring is Saturn
• Uranus moon = 12, Uranus gives greenish glow
• Neptune is the coldest, slowest, largest year moon = 8
• Rank of earth as per size is Fifth
• Revolution period of earth is 365.25 days
• In a leap year there are 29 days in Febrary
• Earth is older than moon
• Sun light takes 8.3 min to reach earth or 510 seconds
• Time required to moon light to reach earth is 1.3 seconds
• Light can circle earth 7 times in a________.
• Sun is 109 times bigger than earth.
• Light travels fastest in vaccum
• Rhea is the fifth natural satellite of saturn
• Coldest, smallest and farthest planet Neptune
• Asteroids are small planets revolving round the sun
• Sun is the brightest star in the universe
• A shooting star is called a meteor
• Our galaxy is spiral known as Milky Way
• Shape of our milky way is spiral
• The milky way extends through the distance of 10 power 5 light years
• Super Nova is a dying star
• Nearest spiral galaxy to Milky Way is Andromeda galaxy
• Nearest start to our sun is Alpha Centauri
• Biggest star in our galaxy is Proxima Centauri
• A collection of galaxies is called cluster
• .moon is 81 times lighter than earth
• Moon has 7% reflection as compared to earth (i.e poor reflection)
• Moon has 1/6th gravitation as that of earth
• Moon’s 59% surface is visible from earth
• Mass of moon is 1/8th to that of the earth
• Moon has no atmosphere
• Sun is closer to earth in January
• At perihelion, earth is nearest tosun
• Earth’s axis is inclined at an angle of 66 ½ deg: to the plane of its orbit around the sun or the axis is inclined at 23 ½ deg: from the vertical
• Soros cycle is the largest interval between two total solar eclipses about 18 years
• Sun has 27 day rotation period
• Moon’s rotation period is equal to the Earth’s
• Rotation period of earth is 23hrs, 56min, 4sec
• Earth rotates around on axis pointing towards the Polar Star
• Revolution period is 365 ¼ days = 365.25 days, ¼ is added for leap year
• Duration of day at poles is 6 months.
• Equinox means equal days and nights
• Sun’s energy is called Insulation
• The visible yellow face of sun is called Photosphere
• The gravity of sun is 28 times greater than that of earth
• Moon completes 13 circles in a year around earth
• Sun is 13 x 10 power 5 times larger than earth
• Maximum duration of solar eclipse is 7 min 40 sec
• Sun reaches its maximum angular distance from Equator at Solistice
• Millions of asteroids orbit the sun in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter
• Asteroids (minor planets) are make of rock, metal or a mixture of both.
• First asteroid discovered was Ceres by Italian astronomer Guiseppe Piazzi in 1801.
• Ceres is the largest asteroid
• Chiron is one of several distant asteroids which orbit between Jupiter and Uranus
• The largest crater on the surface of moon is called to Bailly.
• Corona is the outer most halo of the Sun.
• Comet is made of ice and dust
• Edmond Halley was the first to calculate the path of a comet and predict when it would be seen again.
• Halley’s comet was named in his honor though he did not discover it.
• The patterns in stars are called constellations.
• In 1930, astronomers finally agreed how to divide the whole sky into 88 areas, which are called constellations.
• Closest star is Gienah
• Speed of light is 3,00,000 km/sec
• Which planet is named after the Roman god of war? Mars
• Galaxies are the families of stars.
• About 80% of galaxies are elliptical and other are spiral
• Elliptical galaxies contain very little gas and dust and hardly any new stars are born in them.
• Spiral galaxies are disk shaped and usually have clouds of dust and gas where new stars are born.
• Light travels at 3,00,000 km/s. the speed at which you can round the world seven times in very second.
• Light takes 8 minutes to reach the earth from sun.
• In space light travels 9461 million million km in a year. Astronomers call this distance a light year.
• Two planet Earth’s could fit side by side inside the Great Red Spot of Jupiter.
• Jupiter’s volcanic moon is called IO and other moons are Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.
• Ganymede is the largest moon in the solar system.
• Europa is the moon of Jupiter
• The moon has no atmosphere because its gravitational pull is not strong enough to hold an atmosphere
• Chondrite meteorites are the oldest rocks in the solar system.
• Venus is the only planet that rotates clockwise.
• ‘Galileo Satellites’, named after their discoverer, are four large moons of the planet
• Mars contain atmosphere of Carbon dioxide and Uranus contain atmosphere of Hydrogen and Helium.
• Venus is about the same size as Earth.
• Venus’s atmosphere is 90 times thicker than our. It traps so well that the temperature of Venus’s surface is about 430 degree centigrade.
• Closest star is (Gienah) 680,000 million, million, kilometers.
• Nicolous Copernicus (1473-1543) was born in Poland. He was the first to explain the solar system.
• Chiron is one of several distant asteroids with orbits between Jupiter and Uranus.
• In the Solar system there are 2 Mount Olympus's Greece and where- Mars
• What is the brightest star always in the Northern sky-Vega
• The most common element in the universe is Nitrogen.
• Hydra is the largest of the 88 constellations found in the universe. It covers about 3.16 % of the entire sky.
• The M-class supergiant Betelgease with a diametre of 700 million kms is the largest star of the universe. It is about 500 times greater than the sun.
• What is the common name for the star Sirius: Dog Star
• Pluto (the Planet) was almost called what name-Zeus
• When a satellite is closest to Earth its position is called what Perigee
• 30 km/s is the approximate mean velocity with which earth moves round the Sun in its orbit.
• The earth’s reflectivity of solar radiation is termed as albedo.
• Joseph von Fraunhofer was the first to explain the presence of dark lines in the sun’s spectrum.
• Light of sun reaches the earth in.....499 seconds
• Hale-Bopp comet was the most distant comet ever discovered which became visible in December, 1996.
• What is the name of the largest moon of Jupiter-Ganymede
• M31 is the nearest galaxy to us - what is its other name-Andromeda
• The earth is the densest planet of universe .It has density of 5.515 time that of water.
• Halos around the moon are formed because of the phenomenon of ___ (optical phenomena)
• What is unique about the pistol star- Brightest in sky
• Name the first teddy bear in space- Mishka 1980 Olympic mascot
• What celestial body gets its name from the Greek long haired Comet
• What's unusual about the moons of Uranus-Named Shakespeare characters
ADVENTURES IN SPACE
• First artificial satellite was Sputnik-I sent by Soviet Union on October 4, 1957
• Sputnik-II on November 3, 1957 took a female dog Laika into space
• On July 20, 1969 US Apollo 11 touched down the moon
• Skylab was launched in 1973 by US.
• What country launched its first space rocket January 1961-Italy
• What happened to Laika first dog in space Suffocated no air burned re-entry
• A Russian space programs name meant East what was it Vostok
• What was the first man made object to leave the solar system Pioneer 10
• Voyager I, spacecraft introduced ring system of Jupiter.
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• Escape velocity is 24800 miles/hour or 7 miles/sec
• First human in space is Yuri Gagrin 1961 on USSR
• Appolo crew returned to earth with 382 kg of moon soil
• First space scientist was Henry Quendish
• Man entered in space on 14 October 1957
• First American shuttle to land on moon named “Bamini” in March, 1966
• First woman in space was Valentine Khurachoof in 14 June, 1963
• America launched its first space station in 1973
• In 1979 Sky Lab was destroyed in earth’s atmosphere
• In 1986, Russia launched its space station Mir
• Hubble telescope launched in April 243, 1990 through Discovery Shuttle
• Apollo XI enabled man to step on moon
• Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov holds the record for the longest stay in space. He spent 437 days in orbit in the Mir Space Station.
• The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen Shepherd.
• First space vehicle to land on moon was Luna-9
• Voyager I, spacecraft introduced ring system of Jupiter.
• Pioneer 10 and 11 launched in 1973 and 1974, voyager 1 & 2 in 1979 and Galileo in 1995 were missions sent to Jupiter
• Astronomers know of over 50 moons orbiting Jupiter.
• Vostok I carried first man in space.
• Telstar, the world’s first communication satellite was launched in 1962.
• Mercury project, first manned space programme of USA, carried the first American into space on 5th May 1961.
• Sputnik II, first artificial satellite was launched on 3 Nov: 1957.
• Lovell telescope is at Jodrell Bank (Site for space observatory).
• Yuri Gagarin (Russia) cosmonauts became first traveler in space in 1961.
• The first American Astronaut to go into space was Allen Shepherd
• Russian Cosmonaut valley polyakov holds the record for the longest stay in space. He spent 437 days in orbit in the Mir Space Station.
• What was the first food consumed on the moon in Apollo 11- Turkey
• The first person to orbit the earth in space. John Glenn
• Columbia Space shuttle broke up on re-entry to Earth on Feb 1, 2003.
• Skylab was space laboratory launched in 1973 by USA.
• First women in space Valentine Tereshkove went into space in Vostoc 6 on 16 June 1963.
• On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldren landed on the moon.
• Geostationary Orbit is at a height of 36,000 km.
• Pathfinder is robot craft that landed on Mars in 1997.
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VARIOUS SCIENCES
• Taxidermy means stuffing dead animals
• Stenography means short hand writing
• Psoriasis is a learning disability
• Paleontology is study of fossils.
• Hematology is the study of blood.
• Study of earth is geology
• Acoustics is the science of sound
• Cytology is the study of cell
• Entomology is the study of insects.
• Apiculture is science of bee keeping
• Ornithology is the science of birds
• Philology is the science of languages
• Oncology is the study of cancer
• Exobiology is the study of life in outer space
• Numismatics is the study of coins
• Eugenics is the study of altering humans by changing their genes or it refers to Improvement of human race
• Ethology is the study of animal behavior
• Anthropology is the study of origin and physical and cultural development of mankind
• Carpology is the study of fruits and seeds.
• Pathology deals with diseases
• Histology deals with organic tissues
• Pedology is the study of soil
• Cryogenics deals with the production, control and application of low temperatures
• Seismology is study of movements inside earth’s crust
• Ailurophobe is fear of animals
• Pyrophobia is fear of fire.
• Ambidextrous is one who can write with both hands.
• Astrophysics is a branch of astronomy which deals with the physical and chemical nature of heavenly bodies.
• . A etiology is the study of causes of disease.
• Concho logy is the study of shells.
• Cryptology is the study of codes.
• Dendrology is the study of trees.
• Ergonomics is the study of relationships between people and their working environment.
• Graphology is the study of handwriting.
• Ichthyology in the study of fish.
• Psychological study of life in artificial environment is called biopsy.
• Forms and features are studies under the branch of Marphology.
• Paleontology is the study of fossils.
• Phycology is the study of Algae.
• Mycology is the study of fungi.
• The art of compiling dictionary is called Lexicography.
• Anthropology is the study of man.
• Cartography is the art of making maps and charts.
• Philately is hobby of stamp collecting.
• The branch of zoology, which deals with the study of insects is called entomology
• The production of generally identical reproduction is called as Cloning
• A petrologist studies what- Rocks history formation etc
• An onomastician studies what - Names
• Thanatology is the study of what Death
• The study of human population is called Demography.
• What does an otologist study-The ear and its diseases
• Noologists study what-The Mind
• Semiology is the study of what-Signals
• What is silviculture- Forestry
• What is Xylography- Wood Engraving
• Paleontology is the science of history of life.
• Meteorology is the study of study of weather.
• Cryptography is the study which deals with the secret writing.
• Hydroponics means cultivation of the plants without use of soil.
• Hyetology is the study of rainfall.
• Mycology is the study of fungus and fungi diseases.
• Numismatics is the study of coins.
• Petrology is the study of rocks in the earth’s crust.
• Amniocentesis is a method for determination of foetal sex.
• What is Steganography: Invisible ink writing
• Ichthyologists study what Fish
• What does a psephologist study: Voting – Elections
• What is studied in Aerology-Planet Mars
• What does a philologist study- Languages
• Orthoepy is the study of what-Word pronunciation
• A philomath has a love of what- Learning
• What is a nidologist interested in-Birds nests
• What is philography- Autograph collecting
• Agronomy is the science of soil management.
• Penology is the study, theory and practice of prison management & criminal rehabilitation.
• Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called Cryo-Bilogy.
• Orthoepy is the study of what-Word pronunciation
• What does a philologist study- Languages
• Chlama domonas is unicellular plant


VARIOUS PROCESSES
• Chemical union of two or more molecules of the compound to form larger molecules is called Polymerization.
• The process by which plants take food is photosynthesis
• Reduction is the removal of oxygen atoms
• Oxidation is the combination of oxygen or removal of hydrogen
• Horticulture is the cultivation of flowers, fruits and vegetable
• Pastevurization is the protection of food by heating
• Method of preparation of warnish was discovered by Jabir bin Hayaan
• If temperature rises gradually up to 40 deg: C, the rate of photosynthesis may stop altogether
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VITAMINS
• Deficiency of vitamin A causes dryness of skin and night blindness
• Skin food is Vitamin C
• Vitamin C is also called Ascorbic Acid it prevents scurvy
• Vitamin C is also necessary for utilization of iron
• The food which contains largest amount of Vitamin C is tomato
• Cod liver oil contains Vitamin D
• Collagen is the substance that gives elasticity to skin
• Vitamin E promotes oxygenation and acts as anti aging
• Carbon dioxide we release comes from food we eat
• Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin
• Fats are made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
• Vitamin E is called anti-aging agent
• Vitamin E helps in fertility process
• Vitamin B helps maintain normal appetite and good digestion
• Protein found in milk is Casein, in beans is Legumes, in meat is myosin and in eggs is albumin
• Water soluble vitamin are B and C and all other are fat soluble
• Vitamin A is stored as Ester in liver
• Vitamin A is found in carotene bearing plants
• Vitamin K helps to form prothrobin (fibro gin) one of the enzymes helpful in blood clotting
• Vitamin E is necessary for iron utilization; normal reproductive function. Vitamin E is for reproduction.
• Vitamin A is found in Dairy products
• Deficiency of Vitamin A causes Night blindness.
• Too much presence of the Potassium salt in human blood increase the risk of heart attack.
• The lack of calcium in the diet causes what condition-Rickets
• Celluloses are carbohydrates.
• Milk contains lactose.
• Vitamin C is a preventor of infectious disease
• Vitamin C is also called Skin food
• Vitamin C can easily be lost in cooking and food storage
• Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism.
• Vitamin C hastens healing of wounds
• Vitamin capable of formation of blood is B12
• Riches source of Vitamin D is code liver oil
• Riches source of Vitamin A is eggs
• Deficiency of Calcium leads to rickets
• Vitamin B1 is available is yeast.
• Scury, arising due to deficiency of vitamin C, it is related to Gastro-intestinal disorder.
• Sodium is necessary of nervous system.
• Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism.
• Cheese contains vitamin D.
• Vitamin C can not be stored in human body.
• Scurvy, arising due to deficiency of vitamin C, it is related to Gastro-intestinal disorder.
• Sodium is necessary of nervous system.
• Ground nut has maximum protein
• Digestion of fat in intestine is aided by Emulsification
• Hair, finger nails, hoofs, etc are all make of protein
• Deficiency of sodium and potassium causes muscular cramps, headache and diahrae
• Milk contains 80% water
• Milk is a complete food.
• Cheese contains vitamin D.
• Vitamin E is for reproduction.
• Deficiency of Thiamine causes Beri Beri.
• Glucose is the source of energy for human brain.
• Major component of honey is Glucose
• Three main food nutrients are carbohydrates, protein and fats. Other are vitamins and minerals
• Meat is rich in iron we need to make blood cells
• Eating of coconut increases man’s mental faculties
• Food poisoning can result from the eating of too much toadstools.
• Vitamin c is also known as Ascorbic Acid.
• Celluloses are carbohydrates.
• Milk contains lactose
• Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of bones and teeth.
• Citric acid is a good substitution for ascorbic acid in our nutrition.
• A guava contains more vitamin C than an orange
• Vitamin not stored in human body.....C
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SCIENTISTS
• Ibn baitar was a Botanist
• Kitab al Manazar on optical works was written by Ibn al Haitham
• Mamoon observatory was established during the reign of Caliph Mamoon
• Circulation of blood was described by a muslim scientist name Nafis Abdul al-Hasan.
• Al-Khwarizimi was first person who used zero.
• Muslim scientist Ali al Tabari is famous for his work on ___ (medical sciences)
• Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound.
NOBLE PRIZE
• Astronomers cannot be nominated for noble prize
• Marie curie twice won Noble Prize.
• First Nobel Prizes were awarded on 10 Dec: 1901.
• What country awards the Nobel peace prize- Norway
• Who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1972-Nobody
• Who refused the Nobel Literature prize in 1958-Boris Pasternak
• Who was the first American to receive the Nobel Literature prize Sinclair Lewis
• Which Nobel Prize is not awarded annually in Stockholm Peace
• Mother Teresa was awarded Nobel Prize in the field of peace.
• The New York Times received five Pulitzer prizes of 2009 for investigative, breaking news and international reporting, feature photography and criticism.
• A noted Indian wildlife biologist, Dr M.D. Madhusudan, Director of Nature Conservation Foundation
• Four persons have been awarded Nobel Prize twice.
• Van’t Hoff was the first Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.
• Wole Soyinka is a Nobel Prize winner for literature. He is from Nigeria.
• Which field was not included by Alfred Nobel originally... Economics
• Person getting the nobel peace prize in 2008 was of the country. Finland
• Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden, more than 150 years ago. In what year was he born? Alfred Nobel was born in 1833
• What did Alfred's father, Immanuel, do for a living? Alfred's father was an engineer and inventor.
• Alfred Nobel never married.
• A future Nobel Laureate worked for a short period of time as Alfred Nobel's secretary. Who? Bertha von Suttner
• Alfred Nobel died on 10 December 1896, but not in Sweden, his home country. Where did he die? Alfred Nobel died in San Remo, Italy.
• Why did Alfred Nobel establish a prize in his will? Alfred Nobel wanted to award the greatest benefits to mankind.
• Which Nobel category does not yet have a single female laureate? Economics
• Who won the first Nobel Prize in Physics? Roentgen.
• Which single winner won the most number of Nobel Prizes? International Committee of the Red Cross.
• Who was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature? Rabindranath Tagore
• Mathematicsis not a valid Nobel Prize category.
• In what year did the most people decline their Nobel Prize? 1939
• Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice -- in Peace and Chemistry? Linus Pauling
• Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice -- in both Physics and Chemistry? Marie Curie
• Name the six categories for which the prizes are awarded. Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace and Economics.
• For which category was a Nobel Prize given starting 1969? Economics.
• Who awards the Peace Prize? The Norwegian Nobel Committee.
• Max Planck received the noble prize in Physics in 1918 for his discovery of: energy quanta
• Climate change campaigner Al Gore and the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have been jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
• Rabindra Nath Tagore was the first Indian/South Asian to win Nobel Prize. (Literature in 1931).
• Former US Vice-President Al Gore has won Noble Peace Prize 2007 for his campaign against Global Warming.
• Mr Gore won an Oscar for his climate change film An Inconvenient Truth
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• The first negro to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize was Ralph Johnson Bunche
• Rabindarnath Tagore won first Nobel Prize from South Asia.
• The first Muslim Nobel Laureate was: Anwar Sadaat of Egypt
• Nobel Prize holder UN institutions.....UNHCR, UAEA
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NATIONAL EMBLEM
• National Emblem of Britain is Rose-Lion.
• National Emblem of Bangladesh is Water Lily.
• National Emblem of China is Narcissus.
• National Emblem of Egypt is Lotus.
• National Emblem of France is Lily.
• National Emblem of Iran is Rose.
• National Emblem of Kuwait is Falcon.
• National Emblem of Pakistan is Crescent-Jasmine.
• National Emblem of Syria is Eagle.
• National Emblem of Sri Lanka is Lion.
• National Emblem of Netherlands is Lion.


FAMOUS EPITHETS
• What city is known as The worlds chocolate capital: Hershey Pennsylvania
• Which countries name translates as land of the free- Thailand
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• The country known as the Land of Thunderbolts is Bhutan
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• Rome is also known as “City of Seven Hills”.
• Penang is called the “Pearl of East”.
• “Sandwich Island” is called to Hawaii Island.
• Detroit is known as the Motor City.
• Britain of south is called to New Zealand.
• Buffer state of Asia is called to Afghanistan.
• Cockpit of Europe is called to Belgium.
• Crossroad of Western Europe is called to Belgium.
• Emerald Island is called to Ireland.
• Flower garden to Europe is called to Netherlands.
• Gift of Nile is called of Egypt.
• Great Britain of the Pacific is called to Japan.
• Island continent is called to Australia.
• Horn of Africa is called to Somalia.
• Key to Mediterranean is called to Gibraltar.
• Land of contrasts is called to Colombia.
• Land of free people is called to Thailand.
• Land of fertile fields is called to Algeria.
• Land of golden fiber is called to Bangladesh.
• Land of midnight sun is called to Norway.
• Land of milk and honey is called to Lebanon.
• Land of morning calm is called to Korea.
• Land of mighty rivers is called to Nigeria.
• Land of mountain is called to Nepal.
• Land of rising sun is called to Japan.
• Land of Thousand Island is called to Indonesia.
• Land of pure people is called to Pakistan.
• Land of white elephant is called to Thailand.
• Pillars of Hercules is called to Gibraltar.
• Playground of Europe is called to Switzerland.
• Remnant of mighty empire is called to Austria.
• Sorrow of china is called to Hawang Hoo.
• Switzerland of Africa is called to Swaziland.
• Site of Ancient Civilization is called to Iraq.
• Whiteman’s Grave is called to Guinea.
• Brasilia of Pakistan is called to Islamabad.
• City of angles is called to Bangkok.
• City of bazaars is called to Cairo.
• City of colleges is called to Lahore.
• City of conference is called to Geneva.
• City of cosmonauts is called to Moscow.
• City of eternal spring is called to Quito.
• City of golden temple is called to Amritsar.
• City of Golden Gate is called to San Francisco.
• City of mosques is called to Dhaka.
• City of parks is called to Kiev.
• City of palaces is called to Calcutta.
• City of pope is called to Rome.
• City of space flights is called to Cape Kennedy.
• City of peace is called to Baghdad.
• Forbidden City is called to Lahaska.
• Gateway to the east is called to Beirut.
• Gateway to the gulf is called to Abu Dhabi.
• Gateway to India is called to Bombay.
• Gateway to Pakistan is called to Karachi.
• Little Pakistan is called to Bradford.
• Manchester of Pakistan is called to Faisalabad.
• Pyramid city is called to Cairo.
• Rose pink city is called to Jaipur.
• Windy city is called to Chicago.
• Lusitanian is the alternative name of Portugal.
• Emerald Island is called to Ireland.
• Land of Prophets is called to Palestine.
• Yellow River is known as China’s Sorrow because of devastating floods.
• Gibraltar of the west is said to Quebec.
• Zambia is known as "country of Copper"
• Albania means the “Land of Eagles”.
• Argentian means “Like Silver”.
• Bahrain means two seas.
• Brazil means “Red wood”.
• Costa Rica means “Rich coast”.
• Cyprus means “Land of copper”.
• Guuatnemala mean “Land of Eagles”.
• Jamaica means “Good water”.
• Kuwait means “Fort”.
• Liberia means “Land of free people”.
• Netherlands means “low land”.
• Nigeria means “a great river”.
• Sierra Leone means “Lion Mountains”.
• Singapore means “city of lions”.
• Sudan means “Land of black people”.
• Turkey means “Land of Turks”.
• Which country is popularly called ‘The Land of the Maple Leaf’? Canada
• Mistress of the Eastern Seas is epithet referred to Sri Lanka.
• Hong Kong is called as Pearl of the Orient.
• Which worlds city is known as The Golden City Prague Czech
• What place was nicknamed "The Pearl of the Orient"-Manilla - Philippines
• What countries name translates as lion mountains- Sierra Leone
• What place is nicknamed "The City of Lilies"- Florence
• Mesopotamia means- Between two Rivers
COUNTRIES WITH CAPITALS & Currencies
COUNTRY CAPITAL CURRENCY
Afghanistan Kabul Afghani
Algeria Algiers
Argentina Buenos Aires
Australia Canberra Australian Dollar
Austria Vienna
Azerbaijan Baku
Belgium Brussels
Bhutan Thimphu
Bosnia Herzegovina Sarajevo
Canada Ottawa
China Beijing Yuan
Cuba Havana
Cyprus Nicosia
Denmark Copenhagen Krone
Egypt Cairo Pound
France Paris Franc
Gorgia Tibillsi
Germany Berlin Deutsche Mark
Greece Athens
Hungary Budapest
India New Delhi Rupee
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah
Iran Tehran Riyal
Iraq Baghdad Dinar
Ireland Dublin
Israel Tel Aviv Shekel
Italy Rome Pesso
Japan Tokyo Yen
Jordan Oman
Kazakhastan Astana
North Korea Pyongyang
South Korea Seoul won
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som
Lebanon Beirut
Libya Tripoli Dinal
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit
Maldives Male
Morocco Rabat
Nepal Kathmandu Rupaia
Netherlands Amsterdam Guilder
New Zealand Wellington
Nigeria Abuja
Norway Oslo Krone
Phillippines Manila
Poland Budapest
Qatar Doha
Russia Moscow Ruble
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal
Bulgaria Sofia
Singapore Singapore Dollar
South Africa Pretoria and Cape Town Rand
Spain Madrid
Sri Lanka Colombo
Sudan Khartoum
Sweden Stockholm Krona
Switzerland Bern
Syria Damascus Pound
Taiwan Taipei
Tajikistan Dushanbe
Thailand Bankok
Turkey Istanbul Lira
Turkmenistan Ashgabad
Ukraine Kiev
UAE Abu Dhabi
UK London
US Washington D.C
Uzbekistan Tashkent
Vietnam Hanoi
Yemen Sanaa
Eritrea Asmara
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka

CHANGED NAMES
Old Name New Name
• Pipri Bin Qasim.
• Lyallapur Faisalabad.
• Abyssinia Ethiopia.
• Burma Myanmar.
• Ceylon Srilanka.
• Duch-East-Indies Indonesia.
• French Sudan Mali.
• Helvetia Switzerland.
• Mogyarzaq Hungry.
• Mesopotamia Iraq.
• Najd and Hejaz Saudi Arabia.
• New Granda Colombia.
• Nippon Japan.
• Persia Iran.
• Siam Thailand.
• South Rhodesia Zimbabwe.
• South West Africa Namibia.
• Soviet Union Russian Federation.
• Turkmenia Turkmenistan.
• Upper Volta Burkina Faso.
• Urumdi Brumdi.
• Constantinople Istanbul.
• Christiana Oslo.
• Formosa Taiwan.
• Greenland Kalaallet Nunaat.
• Holland Netherlands.
• Combodia Kampuchea.
• Krugn Thep Bangkok.
• Leningard St. Petersburg.
• Montgomery Sahiwal.
• Burma Myanmar.
• Peiking Beijing.
• Persia Iran.
• Rhodesia Zimbabwe.
• Salisbury Harare.
• Tripoli Libya.
• Madras Chennai.
• Edo Tokyo.
• Temasek Singapore.
• Stalinabad Dushanbe.
• United Arab Republic Egypt.
• Jabal-i-Tariq Gibraltar
• Equatorial Africa Chad
• Ray Isfahan
• Pataliputra Patna
• Sankiang Xinjiang
• Old name of Tamil Nadu is Madras State.
• The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam
• Prior to independence, Ghana was called ‘Gold Coast’.
• Afghanistan was known as Ariana.
• The new name of Yalamlam is As-Sadiya.
• The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935.
• The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam

IMPORTANT ORGANISATIONS & PACTS
Name Founded Member Headquarter
• ADB- 1986- Philippines
• Arab League- 1945- 22- Cairo
• ASEAN- Aug 8, 1967- 9- Jakarta, founded at Bangkok.
• COMECON- 1948- Havana.
• Colombo Plan- 1st July 1951- Colombo (Srilanka)
• Common Wealth- 1931- 53- London.
• Council of Europe- 1949- 34- Strasbourg.
• CIS- Jan 1991- 12-
• D8- 15 June 1997- Founded at Turkey, HQ Turkey.
• ECO- Jan 1985- 8- Tehran.
• GCC- 1981- 6- Riyadh
• ICJ- 1951- Geneva.
• ICRC- 1883- Geneva.
• Interpol 1956 Lyon (France)
• NAM 1961
• OIC 22 to 25 Sep 1969- 56- Jeddah established in Rabat (Morocco).
• SAARC 8, 1985- 7- 8 Katmandu- established at Dhaka.
• NATO- 1949 Brussels.
• SEATO Sep 8, 1954 founder at Manila, ended in 1977.
• UNO 24 Oct 1945 New York.
• Warsaw Pact 14th May 1955. Dissolved in 1991.
• Term of non-permanent members of the Security Council is 2 years.
• General Assembly and Security Council appoints the judges of International Court of Justice.
• RCD was changed to ECO in Jan 1985.
• G-8 was established on 22 September 1985. G-8 was originally the G-5 but was expanded when Canada, Italy and Russia jointed in June 1997.
• European Union came in to being on January 1, 2000, EU adopted Euro currency in 2001. Its head quarter is in Brussels (Belgium).
• International Energy Agency was founded in 1974; its head quarter is in Paris (France).
• International Olympic Committee was formed in 1984; its head quarter is in Lausanne (Switzerland).
• The head quarter of international Red Cross and Red Crescent is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• Organization of Petroleum and Exporting Countries was founded in Baghdad in 1960; its head quarter is in Vienna (Austria).
• The organization of Economic Cooperation and Development was founded in 1961; its head quarter is in Paris (France).
• The world council of churches was established in 1948 in Amsterdam (Netherlands), its headquarter is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• North American Free Trade Agreement, its origin lies in the free trade agreement signed by the USA and Canada in 1989.
• The organization of African Unity was founded in 1963; its head quarter is in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia).
• The organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries was founded in 1968, its headquarter is in Cairo (Egypt).
• Organization of American State was founded in 1948; its heat quarter is in Washington DC (USA).
• There are 76 countries in WTO.
• China became the member of the World Trade Organization on 11 December 2001
• OPANAL stands for Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America.
• OPANAL was formed on 2nd December, 1969, its headquarter is in Mexico City.
• OECS stands of Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, established on 18th June, 1981.
• The head quarter of OECS is in Casries (St. Lucia).
• UN has 6 principle organs.
• Security Council has 5 permanent members.
• The Economic and Social Council acts as coordinating body for the numerous specialized agencies created by the UN. The council has 54 members elected for the term of 3 years.
• The international court of justice comprises 15 judges.
• The IBRD was established in 27th Dec 1945.
• Steel Pact was signed between Italy and Germany on 22nd May 1939 at Berlin.
• Camp David Accord made between Egypt and Israel on 17 Sep 1978.
• Locarno pact signed on 16th October, 1925, signed at Locarno.
• Four Power Pact was signed on 16th July, 1933 at Paris.
• CENTO was signed on 24th Feb, 1955 in Baghdad.
• Balkan Pact was signed on 9th Feb, 1934.
• Eisenhower Doctrine was announced in 1957.
• Entente Cordiale was formed in April 1904, the agreement was signed between England and France.
• Dawes Plan was introduced in 1924.
• CTBT opened for signature from Sep 24, 1996.
• KELLOGG-Briand pact was signed by 15 states on 27th August, 1928, it was signed in Paris.
• Rio Summit was held in Rio-de-Janero on 14th 1992.
• According to the young plan (1929) announced after the first world war Germany was required to pay 100 million dollars in installments.
• UN’s resolution 1441about Iraq was passed in Nov 2002.
• Amnesty International is an international organization which works for the release of the political prisoners. It was established by peter Bomenson in the year of 1961.
• In 1941 the Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt.
• Truman Doctrine-------announced on 12 March 1947 about the security of Greece and Turkey.
• USSR and its allies signed Warsaw pact in the year 1955.
• The famous Dumbarton Oaks conference, which formulated proposals about UN charter, was held in Dec 1944.
• On 14th August 1941, US president F.D Roosevelt and British Premier W. Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter on a battle ship.
• Veraillies Treaty was signed in 1919.
• Bostan Tea party tool place in 1773.
• The civil right act which was passed in USA in 1964 was the result of the March of 250000 people organized by Martin Luther king in 1963.
• The famous XYZ affair tool place when an American delegation visited England.
• Potsdam conference was held in 1945.
• Mamoon Abdul Gavvum (PM of Maldives) said SAARC is a brain child.
• Napolean I, first person to call English a nation of shopkeepers.
• Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration; these words are said by Thomas A. Edison.
• Hippocrates said that extreme remedies are most appropriate for extreme disease.
• Archimedes said that give me but one firm spot on which to stand, and I will move the earth.
• Leonardo da vinci observed that every man – at three years old- is half his height.
• Darse Ninamia was introduced in Indo-Pak by Mulla Mizam Ud Din.
• Interpol was founded in 1923 in what city- Vienna
• The Asian development bank established in 1966 with headquarter located at MANILA (philipines).
• Eqypt , Iraq , jorden , Lebanon , Saudi Arab , Syria and Yemen are the founder nations of the arab league.
• Asian development bank was established in 1966 with headquarter located at manila(philipine)
• The International court of Justice is located in Hague,Holland
• WHO is not the principal organ of the United Nations.
• Declaration of Human Rights was adopted on Dec: 10, 1948.
• Green Peace has no formal structure and Secretariat.
• Who were the three statesmen who formulated Non-Aligned Movement (NAM): Nehru, Nasser, Tito
• international headquarter of Transparency International (TI}
is located in Berlin, Germany. The founder of the organisation is Peter Eigen
• The permanent Secretariat of SAARC is established at: Khatmandu
• How many official working languages are recognized by UNO:6
• Who was the first Asian Secretary General of the United Nations? U. Thant
• Baden Powel was the founder of Boy Scout and Civil Guides Movement.
• CIS are 11 independent states of the former Soviet Union known as Commonwealth of Independent States.
•


HEADQUARTERS OF WORLD ORGANISATIONS
• The head quarter of Food and Agriculture Organization is in Rome (Italy).
• The head quarter of International Atomic Energy Agency is in Vienna (Austria).
• The heal quarter of International Civil Aviation Organization is in Montréal (Canada).
• The head quarter of International Fund for Agricultural Development is in Rome (Italy).
• The head quarter of International Labor Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• The head quarter of International Monetary Fund is in Washington (USA).
• The head quarter of International Maritime Organization is in London (UK).
• The head quarter of International Telecommunication Union is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• The head quarter of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is in Paris (France).
• The head quarter of United Nations Industrial Development Organization is in Vienna (Austria).
• The head quarter of Universal Postal Union is in Berne (Switzerland).
• The head quarter of World Health Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• The head quarter of World Intellectual Property Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• The head quarter of World Meteorological Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• The head quarter of World Bank or IBRD is in Washington (USA).
• The head quarter of World Trade Organization is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• The head quarter of United Nation Development Program is in New York (USA).
• The head quarter of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• The head quarter of United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund is in New York (USA).
• The head quarter of United Nations Relief and Works Agency is in Vienna (Austria).
• Head quarters of WWF are in Vienna, Austria.
• SAARC was formed in December, 1985.
• SAARC Human Resource Development Centre is located at Islamabad.
• HQ of Universal Postal Union is in Berne.
• New Zealand’s Don McKinnon is the first secretary general of commonwealth.
• First Islamic Summit was held at Rabat in 1969.
• Second Islamic Summit was held at Lahore in 1974.
• 1n 1948 the UN drawn up a charter of civil and political rights.
• First Secretary General of UN was Tregav Lee of Norway.
• Kofi Anan got noble peace price in 2001.
• UNO world was coined by F.D Roosevelt.
• Kofi Anan is the 7th Secretary General of UNO.
• What was the first country to leave the United Nations-Indonesia
• Don McKinnon is the secretary General of Commonwealth.
• The term of the judges of the international court of justice is 9 years.
• ILO is not an organ of the UN.
• First city to be placed under UN was Sarajevo.
• The UN observed 1998 as the human rights year with the theme “ All Human Rights for All”.
• ICJ has 15 judges, any two of whom cannot be of the same nationality.
• Myanmar is not a member of SAARC.
• UN Charter was signed on June 26, 1945 and came into force on October 24, 1945.
• Olive Branch is the emblem of the U.N.
• Five permanent members of U.N Security Council are China, France, Russia, UK and US.
• UN Security Council has five permanent and 10 non-permanent members.
• Bangladesh is not a member of ASEAN.
• As per SAFTA agreement, India, Pakistan & Sri Lanka have to decrease their custom duties to 0-5% by 2013.
• Estonia is not a member of CIS.
• Portuguese is not an official language of UN.
• ICJ has issued the arrest warrant of ... Omar al Basher of Sudan
• The United States of America has used its veto power more than any other permanent member
• G-7 is the group of seven rich industralial nations- Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the US.
• The UNO originated during the second world war.Its charter was drawn up from 25th April to 26th June, 1945 at San Francisco which was signed by 51 countries.
• In 1971 the people republic of china was given membership of UNO by expelling Taiwan.
• The UN Industrial Development Organization has its headquarters at Vienna.
• Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948.
• Initially, Arab league has seven countries.
• Headquarter of Arab League is located in Cairo. Arab League was established on 22nd March 1945.
• Amnesty International was established in London by the British Lawyer, Peter Benenson in 1961
• The International court of justice was constituted on 26th June 1945
• The Charter of United Nations consists of 111 articles.
• The Common Wealth of Australia came into existence in 1901.
• Article 55 of the UN Charter promotes international Human Rights.
• Territorial waters traditionally are recognized to extend how far from a state’s coastline? 12 miles.
• A state’s executive economic zone (EEZ) is recognized to extend how far from the coastline? 12 miles
• ECOSOC has been established under chapter 10 of the UN charter
• United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 Emirates.
• Switzerland joined the UN during 2002.
• African Development Bank was established in 1964.
• The principal organs of United Nations are Six.
•
• United Nations spends a lion’s share of its budget on Refugees rehabilitations
• The UNO originated during the Second World War. Its charter was drawn up from 25th April to 26th June, 1945 at San Francisco which was signed by 51 countries.
• What famous battle was fought at Pancenoit-Waterloo - (four miles away)
• Transparency International is based in Berlin.
• Where is the headquarter of the Amnesty International located: London
• Arab Magrib Union consists of Five States.
• Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948.
• ESCAP is Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific. Its head office is at Bangkok.
• Human Right Watch dog headquarter is in.. New York
• In which city World Economic forum usually holds its meetings? The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Geneva-based non-profit foundation best known for its annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland
•

IMPORTANT DAYS
• International Day for the elimination of racial discrimination is observed on 21 March.
• World environment day is observed on 5th June.
• International day of peace is observed on 3rd Tuesday of September.
• World food day is observed on 16 October.
• International women’s day is observed on 8th March.
• World health day is observed on 7th April.
• Universal children’s day is observed on 20 November.
• World’s aids day is observed on 1 December.
• United nation’s day is observed on 24th October.
• International day of disabled person is observed on 3 December.
• Human rights day is observed on 10 December.
• Press day is celebrated on 3rd May.
• Kashmir Solidarity Day is observed on 5 Feb.
• In France the Bastille Day is celebrated on 14th July.
• International Literacy day is observed on 8 Sep.
• World children day is observed on 8th March.
• Human rights day is observed on 10th Dec.
• Day against drug trafficking is observed on 26 June.
• 22 March is celebrated as the world day for water.
• 11th July is known as World Population Day.
• Kashmir solidarity day is celebrated all over the country on 5th February.
• World`s teacher day was observed on october 5, 2005 in pakistan.
• International Literacy Day is celebrated on September 8.
• International Ozone Day is observed on September 16.
• The year 1998 was observed as the International Year of Ocean.
• Commonwealth Day is observed on May 24 every year.
• Human Rights Day is observed on 10th December every year.
• No Smoking Day is observed on April 7.
• World Book Day is observed on April 23.
• World Environment Day is observed on June 5.
• 3rd may... world press freedom day
• World literacy day is celebrated on 8th September
•

IMPORTANT BOOKS & THEIR AUTHORS
• Shahnama-i-Islam was written by Hafeez Jalandri.
• Man who ruled India was written by Philip Woodruff.
• The book confession was written by Rousseau.
• Quaid –e-Azam Jinnah. The story of a Nation is written by G.Allana.
• Heroes and Hero-Worship was written by Carlyle.
• Foundation of Pakistan was written by Sharif ud din Pirzada.
• Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam was written by Edward Fitzgeranld.
• Gitanjali was written by Rabindranath Tagore.
• Asrar-e-khudi is written by Allama Iqbal
• Bal-e-Jibril is written by Allama Iqbal
• Bang-e-dara is written by Allma Iqbal
• Bostan is written by Sheikh Saadi
• Darbar-i-Akbari is written by Azad, Muhammad Hussain
• Gulistan is written by Sheikh Saadi
• Hayat-i-Jawid is written by Hali
• Javaid Nama is written by Allama Iqbal
• Jawab-e-Shikwah is written by Allama Iqbal
• Ktab al Shifa is written by Ibn Sina
• Mirat ul Aroos is written by Nazir Ahmed
• Muqaddamah is written by Ibn Khaldun
• Shaer o Shaeri is written by Altaf Hussain Hali
• Mussaddas-i-Hali is written by Altaf Hussain Hali
• Naqsh-e-Faryadi is written by Faiz Ahmed Faiz
• Payam-e-Mashriq is written by Allama Iqbal
• Shahnama is written by Firdausi
• Tehzeeb al Ikhlaq is written by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
• Tafhim ul quran is written by Syed Abdul ala Maudoodi.
• Yadgar-i-Galib is written by Hali
• Zabur-e-Anjam is written by Dr. Allama Iqbal
• Zarb-e-Kaleem is written by Dr. Allama Iqbal
• Arabian Nights is written by Sir Richard Buton
• An Ideal Husband is written by Oscar Wilde
• A woman of No importance is written by Oscar Wild
• Animal Farm is written by George Orwell
• Anthony Cleopatra is written by W. Shakespeare
• As you like it is written by W. Shakespeare
• Caesar and Cleopatra is written by G.B Shaw
• Comedy of Errors is written by W. Shakespeare
• Daughter of the East is written by Benazir Bhuto
• Decline and Fall of Roman Empire is written by Edward Gibbon
• Doctor’s Dilemma is written by G.B Shaw
• East of Aden is written by John Steinbeck
• French Revolution is written by Tomas Carlyle
• Freedom at Midnight is written by Larry Collins and Dominique Lapiere
• Gone with the Wind is written by Margaret Mithchel
• Great Expectations is written by Charles Dickens
• Gulliver’s Travels is written by Jonathan Swift
• Hamlet is written by W.Shakespeare
• Ibn Battuta Travels in Asia and Africa is written by Ibn Battuta
• Jungle book is written by Rudyard Kipling
• Jinnah of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert
• Myth of independence is written by Z. A Bhutto
• World War is written by W. Churchill
• Merchant of Venice is written by Shakerpeare
• Muhammad Ali Jinnah is written by M.H Saiyid
• Much Ado About Nothing is written by Shakespeare
• Nine Days Wonder is written by John Masefield
• Nineteen Eighty Four is written by George Orwell
• Old man and the Sea is written by Ernest Hamingway
• Oliver Twist is written by Charles Dickens
• Origin Of species is written by Charles Darwin
• Paradise Lost is written by John Milton
• Pickwick papers is written by Charles Dickens
• Pride and Prejudice is written by Jane Austen
• Robinson Crusoe is written by Daniel Defoe
• Sense and Sensibility is written by Jane Austin
• Sohrab and Rustam Mathew Arnold
• Social Contact is written by Rousseau
• Treasure Island is written by R.L Stevenson
• Tropic of Cancer is written by Henry Miller
• Twelfth Night is written by W. Shakespeare
• A Tale of Two Cities is written by Charles Dickens
• Vanity of Human Wishes is written by Samuel Johnson
• Wealth of Nation is written by Adam Simith
• Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert
• Faust is written by Goethe
• Mein Kampf is written by Hitler
• Divine Comedy is written by Dante
• Odyssey (Greek) is written by Homer
• Utopia is written by Thomas Mooore
• War and Peace is written by Leo Tolstoy
• Crime and Punishment is written by F.M Dostovsky
• Communist Manifesto is written by Karl Marx and Eagles
• Das Capital is written by Karl Marx
• The idiot is written by Dostoevsky
• Don Quixoto is written by Miguel De Cervates
• The Prince is written by Machiavelli
• Constitutional Development of Pakistan is written by G.W Choudhry
• Five Thousand Years of Pakistan is written by Wheeler R.E.M
• Foreign Policy of Pakistan is written by Zulifkar Ali Bhutto
• Jinnah, Creator of Pakistan is written by Hecor Bolitho
• Muslim Separatism in India and Pakistan is written by Abdul Hamid
• Pakistan the Formative Phase is written by Lawrence Ziring
• Political Syetem in Pakistan is written by Khalid B. Saeed
• Politics in Pakistan is written by Khalid B. Saeed
• Quaid-i-Azam and Pakistan is written by Ahmad Hasan Dani
• Struggle for Pakistan is written by I.H Qureshi
• The Emergence of Pakistan is written by Mohammad Ali Choudhry
• The Making of Pakistan is written by K.K Aziz
• Towards Pakistan is written by Whaeed-uz-Zaman
• World Politics Since 1945 is written by P. Calvocrassi
• Khusboo is written by Parveen Shakir
• Laila Majnoo is written by Amir Khusro
• Akbar nama is written by Abu Fazal
• Al Qanoon fil Tib is written by Ibne Sina
• Green Book is written by Presisdent Moamoor Gadafi
• Republic is written by Plato
• Revolution and Independence is written by Words Worth
• Road to Freedom is written by Bertrand Russel
• Romeo and Juliet is written by Shakespeare
• Joan of Arc is written by G.W Shaw.
• Foust was written by Goethe.
• “Profiles in Courage” is written by Henry Kissinger.
• Pickwick Papers were written by Charles Dickens.
• “East and Eden” was written by John Steinback.
• A farewell to Arms is written by Earnest Hemingway.
• Travel in Arabian Desert was written by C.M Doughty.
• The spirit of Islam was written by Syed Ameer Ali.
• The poem Shikwah and Jawab-e-Sikwah was written by Allama Iqbal.
• Five Thousand Years of Pakistan was written by REM Wheeler.
• Struggle of Pakistan was written by I.H Qureshi.
• The poem “Ancient Mariner” is the work of Coleridge.
• White Papers are policy statements published by the British parliament on the subject of tremendous public importance.
• Blue Books are the official reports of the British Government.
• White Books are the official publications of the countries like Portugal, China, and Germany.
• Yellow Books are the official records of France.
• Grey Books are the official policy as well as reports of the Japanese government.
• Green Books are the official reports of the Italian government.
• Orange Books are the official publication of the Netherlands.
• Lenin wrote ‘the state and revolution’.
• Ibn-e-Khaldun retired as a judge.
• Al Ghazali is known as Hujatul Islam.
• The name of the book which Al-Farabi wrote is ‘Ara Madinatul Fazila’.
• Plato wrote ‘the laws’.
• Aristotle founded ‘the lyceum’.
• Mao wrote ‘On contradictions’.
• J.S. Mill wrote ‘On liberty’.
• Witness to surrender=Siddique Saliq.
• A short history of Pak:=I.H.Qureshi.
• Discovery of Pak:= A.Aziz.
• Foundation of Pak: = Sharifuddin Pirzada.
• Five Thousand Years of Pak::= R.E.M. Wheeler.
• History of Freedom Movement=I.H.Qureshi.
• Jinnah of Pak: = Stanley Woolpert.
• Jinnah as I know him= Abdul Hassan Isphahani.
• The Making of Pakistan= Richard Symonds.
• The Making of Pakistan=K.K.Aziz.
• Jinnah:Creator of Pak:=Hector Bolithio.
• Quaid-e-Azam: The Story of A Nation=G.Allana.
• India wins Freedom= Abdul Kalam Azad.
• Emergence of Pak:=Ch: Rahmat Ali.
• Towards Pakistan=Wahiduzaman
• Transfer of Power in India=V.P.Memon.
• Pak: Nagozeer Tha= Syed Hasan Raza.
• Quaid-i-Azam & Pakistan=Ahmed Hassan Dani.
• Friends not Masters=Ayub Khan.
• The Pakistan Issue= Nazir Yar Jung.
• Quid wrote the preface of “My Leader”=Ziauddin Ahmed.
• Muslim Nationalism in India= Malik Hafeez.
• Pathway to Pak: = Ch: Khaiquzzaman.
• The Indian Musalimans= W.W.Hunter.
• Our Struggle=Mohd: Noman.
• Evolution of Pak: Sharifuddin Pirzada.
• Mohd: Ali Jinnah=G.Allana.
• Birth of Pak: =Dr. Sachin.
• Pak: the Heart of Asia= Liaquat Ali Khan.
• Incomplete Partition = Alastair Lamb.
• Birth of a tragedy= Dr. Tahir Amir.
• My Last day with Quaid=Ilahi Bux
• Outline of a scheme of Indian Federation=Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan.
• Thought on Pakistan= Ambedkar.
• 'Freedom' at Midnight= Larry Collins
• Hayat-e-Javed was written by Altaf Hussain Hali.
• The Forgotten Years is an autobiography of from Foreign Minister Sir Zafarullah Khan.
• Mission with Mountabatten=Alan Campbell Johnson.
• Religious Thought of Sayyid Ahmed Khan==Bahir Ahmad Dar.
• The Cambridge History of the British Empire=H.H.Dodwell.
• Oxford History of India=Vincent Smith.
• India, Pakistan & the West=Percival Smith.
• The book “party politics in Pakistan’ (1947-58) is written by K.K.AZIZ.
• Alice in Wonderland is a book written by Lewis Carrol.
• Edwina and Nehru is written by Catherine Clement.
• Beloved is a novel authored by Toni Morrison.
• Conquest of Happiness was authored by Bertrand Russel.
• Crossing the Threshold of Hope was authored by Pope John Paul II.
• Gulliver’s Travel is authored by Jonathan Swift in which there is description of the island of Lilliputs.
• Higher than Hopes is biography of Nelson Mandela.
• India Divided is a book written by Dr. Rajenra Parsad.
• Indian War of Independence is a book written by V.D. Savarkar.
• Kubla Khan is a poem by Coleridge.
• Life Divine is a book written by Sri Aurobindo.
• Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus is the book written by John Gray.
• Mother India is a book written by Katherine Mayo.
• My Frozen Turbulence in Kashmir is written by Jagmohan.
• Unto This Last is written by Ruskin.
• Who wrote Gone with the Wind: Margaret Mitchell
• Who wrote "History of God"? Karen Armstrong
• Raghuvasma was written by Kalidas.
• Grief and Hope is a book written by Noa Ben Artizi-Plossof, grand-daughter of slain Israili PM Yitzak Rabin.
• Freedom Behind Bars is a book written by Kiran Bedi.
• Hayat-e-Jawaid, written by Altaf Hussain Hali, is on the life of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.
• “The Sun also Rises” is written by Earnest Hemingway.
• Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan.
• Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom.
• Montesquieu wrote ‘the spirit of laws’.
• Who wrote the book - Call of the Wild-Jack London
• Who wrote “Voyage through History”? Musarrt Hussain Zuberi
• Who is the author of “Preparing for the Twenty First Century”? Paul Kennedy
• Who wrote “Supreme Court and Human Rights”? Tamizuddin
• The author of famous book, “Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy” is Henry Kissinger.
• ‘Rise and Fall of Great Powers’ is the work of Paul Kennedy.
• My Experiments with Truth is autobiography of Mahtma Gandhi.
•
IMPORTANT BATTLES
• Battle of Jhelum was fought b/w Alexandar the Great and Raja Porus in 326 B.C. The latter was defeated.
• Mahumud Ghaznavi invaded on Somnath in 1025 A.D.
• Battle of Tarain was fought b/w Mohd: Ghouri and Prithvi Raj in 1192 A.D. The former won the battle.
• First battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ibrahim Lodhi and Babur in 1526. Babur won the battle.
• Second battle of Panipat was fought in 1556. Akbar won the battle.
• Third battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ahmad Shah Abdali and Marahttas in 1760. Ahmed Shah defeated the latter.
• West Bank was occupied in 1967.
• Japan attacked Pearl Harbour located in Hawaii on 7 Dec: 1941.
• Israel occupied Golan Heights from Syria.
• West Bank is located b/w Isreal & Jordan.
• West Bank was occupied in 1967.
• Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands, Greater & lesser Tunbs.
• Sakhalin Island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan.
•
• Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands, Greater & lesser Tunbs.
• Sakhalin island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan.
• In Battle of Sabroan, English defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore.
• Nickname of Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 was Little Boy and on Nagasaki=Fat Man.
• The hundred year war actually lasted for 114 years.
• Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War correspondent.
• Hundred years war fought between France and Britain during 1338-1453.
• Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988, by the intervention of U.N.
• The place named Normandy became worlds famous due to the D.Day landing during the Second World War on 6th June 1944. Normandy is located in France.
• Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941.
• In 1982 the Falklands war was fought between Britain and Argentina.
• Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865.
• The famous British Naval commander, who defected the French Naval Fleet at Nile in 1788 and at Trafalgar in 1805 was Horatio Nelson.
• Doer war fought between South Africa and British.
• Fighting broke out between Greeks and the Turks in July 1974.
• At the end of Second World War in 1945, Germany was divided among 4 major powers.
• In Opium war Britain fought against China.
• Gulf war Jan 1991 stopped in Feb 28, 1991.
• Iran-Iraq was started in Sep 1980 and ended in Aug1988.
• Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of Versailles.
• Germany remained in grip of allied occupation from 1994 to 1952.
• The American general who acted as the supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe during the second world war was D.D Eisenhower.
• The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the city of Nuremburg.
• Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct 3, 1990.
• Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990.
• USA dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945.
• First World War begun on 1914 A.D. and Second World War started in 1939 when Germany attacked on Poland, it is also considered as greatest war.
• Germans call a WW1 sea fight Battle of Skagerrak what in UK: Battle of Jutland
• Operation Thunderbolt was the nickname given to which raid Israeli raid on Entebbe
• In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhard - what Counterfeit British Notes
• In WW2 what was the German codename for invasion of Russia- Barberossa
• Operation Dracula in WWII freed what city- Rangoon Burma
• Which 19th century battle UK / USA fought after peace signed- Battle of New Orleans
• Waterloo is now in... Belgium
• The Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
• What famous battle was fought at Pancenoit-Waterloo - (four miles away)
• The third battle of Panipat was fought between Marathas and Afghans.
• In Battle of Sabroan, English defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore.
• Iraq occupied Kuwait in August 1990.
• Afghan Mujahideen took power in Kabul on April 20,1991
• North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950.
• Japan attacked Pearl Harbour located in Hawaii on 7 Dec: 1941.
• Nickname of Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 was Little Boy and on Nagasaki=Fat Man.
• Darfur conflict is in Sudan.
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HIGHEST MILITARY AWARDS
• Highest military award of Britain is Victoria Cross.
• Highest military award of Germany is Iron Cross.
• Highest military award of India is Pardam Vir Chakra.
• Highest military award of Japan is Order of the Rising Sun.
• Highest military award of Pakistan is Nishan-i-Haider.
• Highest military award of Russia is Order of the Patriotic War.
• Highest military award of USA is Victory Medal.
• What countries highest award is The Order of the Elephant-Denmark
• Order of Honor and Banner is the award of--- USSR
•

GENERAL INFORMATION
• Water vapors are formed due to evaporation
• Gas in gobar (cow dung) is ethylene. (chk biogas is natural gas)
• GMT was established in 1884
• Radio broad casting started in 1920
• Calorie requirement sedentary is 2500 k.cal, light word is 3000 k.cal, moderate work is 3500 k.cal and heavy work is 4000 k.cal
• Water is 830 times heavier than air
• Driving mirror is usually convex
• Dossier means relevant papers
• In deserts clouds do not precipitate due to low humidity
• Rain drop is shaped like a peer
• Money is made of cotton
• Chino phobia is a fear of snow
• Cyber phobia is a fear of computer
• Fear of heights is Acrophobia
• 1 liter = 0.9 kg
• Drinker’s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood.
• Atomic pile is a place where nuclear fission is made.
• Dewar’s flask is called as thermos.
• Atomic weight of chemical compounds is determined by Mass spectroscopy.
• Tube light emits radiation even after it is disconnected. It is due to Fluorescence
• The conversion of gases into liquid under high pressure and low temperature is called regulation.
• If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black.
• Emerge of VIBGYOR from one side of the prism is due to refraction and dispersion of light.
• 510 million square kilometers is the total surface area of the ear
• Linseed oil is used while oil painting.
• During the winter months 90% of fallen leaves are taken underground by earth worm
• Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple
• Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world
• Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in wind tonnel
• Aircrafts are made of alluminium alloys
• Flaps are used as air brakes
• Darwin visited Galapagos Island before giving his theory of Natural Selection.
• Staple food is the basic food
• The crops like legumes and beens and clover form their own fertilizer. Farmers grow these crops and plough into soil as fertilizers. This process is called green manuring.
• Scientists have recently discovered a new taste called Umami.
• Braille system is named after its inventor the Frenchman Louis Brille.
• Isochrones are the lines joining the places of equal labour and transportation costs.
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FIRST, LARGEST, BIGEST, LONGEST, OLDEST
• What is Europe's largest port-Rotterdam
• What was first used at the 1904 St Louis Olympic games-Gold medals silver was first before
• Where is the worlds oldest university- Fez Morocco –founded 859
• What is the largest Island in The Greater Antilles- Cuba
• What is the worlds most polluted major city- Mexico City
• What is the worlds fastest moving insect-Tropical Cockroach
• Where is the largest church in the world-Vatican in Rome
• What was the first country to use postcards- Austria
• Where is the worlds largest Chinese settlement outside Asia San Francisco – Chinatown
• Which country has no national monetary unit of it's own Andorra
• Which country has the highest % of women in their legislature Cuba
• Which country has the most daily newspapers- India
• Which city was built in the design of a union flag Khartoum
• What was the first country to use TV as a mass info media Germany
• In which country is the worlds longest road tunnel Switzerland
• Which country has no public toilets- Peru
• Bill gates (USA), founder and chairman of Microsoft Corporation, is currently the richest person in the world and Lillian Bettencourt (France) is the richest woman in the world.
• Nauru, an island located in western Pacific Ocean, is the smallest republic of the world.
• Mount Everest (2759 N 8656 E) is the highest mountain peak which is located on Nepal Tibet border in the Himalayas.
• New Cornelia tailings on ten mile wash Arizona USA with a volume of 209500 million cubic meters is the world’s largest volume dam.
• Taipei-I built in Taiwan is world’s second tallest building..
• The Atacama Desert in Chile is the driest place of the world and Masynram in Assam (India) is the wettest place in the world.
• Canada has the longest coastline which is 151,489 miles in the length and Monaco’s coastline measures only 3.5 miles in length.
• Dalol Danaki depression in Ethiopia with an average annual temperature of 35c (95f) is the hottest place on earth and Plateau station, in Antarctica with an average annual temperature of -56.7c (-71.7f), is the coldest place of the globe.
• Grand central terminal of New York is the largest railway station. It covers an area of 48 acres.
• The Seikan railway tunnel in Japan is the longest railway tunnel in the world, it s length is 33.50 miles (53.9 km)
• Longest road tunnel is St. Goatherd Rd. located in Switzerland 16.3 km long.
• The yellow stone national park (USA) is the largest national park. It has an area of 3350 sq miles.
• The California University (USA) is the biggest university of the world.
• King khalid international airport, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia) is the largest airport in the world.
• The port of New York and New Jersey (USA) is the largest seaport in the world.
• Mandarin (Chinese) is the most spoken language of the world. It is estimated that a total number of 999 million ppl speak it.
• The noble prize is the largest prize. Each prize carries an amount of one million dollars.
• Shah faisal mosque located in Islamabad (pak) is the largest mosque.
• Ostrich is the largest bird in the world.
• Saudi Arabia is the largest exporter of oil in the world.
• The longest river in Asia is Yangtze
• The world’s largest internet search engine is Google.
• After United states, the largest number of inventions in the last two decades belongs to Germany
• China has the largest population, Russia has largest land area and Vatican city has smallest population and land area in the world
• Lord Clive was the first and Lord Mountbatten was the last British ruler of India.
• Largest continent of the world is "Asia" and smallest is "Australia”. Largest ocean of the world is "pacific ocean” and smallest ocean is "Indian ocean”. The Sahara is the largest desert of the world.
• Kazakhstan is the largest Muslim country in land area in the world. It has an area of 1,049,000 sq.miles. Maldives is the smallest Muslim country in land area of 115 sq. miles.
• Indonesia is the most populous Muslim country and Maldives is less populous Muslim country.
• Antarctica is the uninhabited continent of the world which is without any regular population.
• Seoul (South Korea) is the most populous city of the world.
• The lake Baikal of Russia has the maximum depth of 5315 feet.
• Turkey is the country having its land in two continents
• The world’s longest current reigning monarch is Queen of England.
• Germany is the highest solar energy user in the world.
• Inflation means that money falls in value.
• The Cambodian Language is the language with most Alphabets. It has a total number of 74 alphabets
• The Ostrich of North Africa is the biggest bird. Its height is up to 2.7 meters ( 9 feet ) and weight is up to 160 kgs. While the humming bird is smallest bird. It is 5.5-20 cm in length and weight about 16 grams.
• Glaciers are found on every continent except Africa. The Lambert Glacier enjoys the distinction of being the largest glacier in the world. It is located in the Australia Antarctic Territory. Its length is 440 miles (700 km) and was discovered in 1956-57.
• The largest museum in the world is the American Museum of Natural History
• The lowest mountain range in the world is the Bhieuna Bhaile
• The country known as the Land of Cakes is Scotland
• The place known as the Garden of England is Kent
• The old name of Taiwan was Formosa
• The largest bay in the world is Hudson Bay, Canada
• The largest church in the world is Basilica of St.Peter,Vatican City,Rome
• The tallest statue in the world is the Motherland,Volgagrad Russia
• The world's loneliest island is the Tristan da cunda
• The country whose National Anthem has only music but no words is Bahrain
• The largest cinema in the world is the Fox theatre,Detroit,USA
• The country where there are no Cinema theatres is Saudi arabia
• The world's tallest office building is the Sears Tower,Chicago
• The country where military service is compulsory for women is Israel
• The country which has more than 10,000 golf courses is USA
• The country which built the first powerful long range rockets is Germany
• The largest temple in the world is Angkorwat in Kampuchea
• The largest dome in the world is Louisiana Superdome,New Orleans,USA
• The largest strait in the world is Tartar Strait
• The largest city of Africa is Cairo
• The founder of KODAK Company was Eastman
• The Cape of Good Hope is located in South Africa
• The last letter of the Greek alphabet is Omega
• The place known as the land of Lincoln is Illinois
• The Pentagonian desert is located in Argentina
• The person known as the father of aeronautics is Sir George Cayley
• The most densely populated Island in the world is Honshu
• The two nations Haiti and the Dominion Republic together form the Island of Hisponiola
• The largest auto producer in the USA is General Motors
• The first actor to win an Oscar was Emil Jannings
• The first animated colour cartoon of full feature length was Snow White and Seven Dwarfs
• The first demonstration of a motion picture was held at Paris
• The first country to issue stamps was Britain
• The world's largest car manufacturing company is General Motors,USA
• The world's biggest manufacturer of bicycles is Hero cycles,Ludhiana
• The world's oldest underground railway is at London
• The last French Monarch was Louis Napoleon III
• The first man to reach Antarctica was Fabian Gotileb
• Oldest surviving building in world is pyramids of Egypt.
• K-2 is also known as Godwin Austin, first climbed by Ardito Desio 1956.
• Mount Everest is the highest mountain located in Himalaya (Nepal).
• Tensing and Hillary were the first human beings to set foot on the top of Mt. Everest. Tensing belonged to India and Hillary is a native of New Zealand.
• K2 is the second highest peak located in Korokoram (Pakistan).
• Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest.
• Mozambique has the lowest GNP.
• The biggest airport in the world is King Khalid situated in Saudi Arabia.
• Nauru is the smallest republic of the world.
• Capital with highest elevation La Paz.
• Largest Dam, Grand Coulee Dam is in USA.
• World’s biggest museum is British Museum.
• Volta Lake (Ghana) is the largest artificial lake of the world.
• Largest zoo is in South Africa.
• Largest Hydroelectric power station is in Brazil.
• Largest palace is in Brunei.
• Longest railway tunnel is Seikan Railway Tunnel, in Japan.
• The largest railway tunnel in the world is the Oshimzu Tunnel, Japan (chk)
• Longest underground railway Tunnel is in Moscow.
• Grand Central Terminal of New York is the largest railway station of the world.
• Biggest Library is Congress Library in USA.
• Largest Stadium is in Czech Republic.
• Country with largest coast line is Canada.
• Country with largest budget is USA.
• The highest birth rate is of Malawi.
• Peru with lowest birth rate.
• Country with most billionaires is USA.
• Walt Disney is the man with highest number of Oscars.
• The world’s longest platform is known as the Loop, which is located in USA.
• Monaco has the shortest coast line.
• The biggest Square the Tiananmen Square is in China.
• Largest Tomb the mount li tomb is in China.
• The longest cricket match between England and South Africa in 1939 abandoned after 10 days.
• Largest number of school is in China.
• Largest fort, Fort George situated in UK.
• The largest church of the world is in Rome (Italy).
• Largest exhibition centre is in Germany.
• Lake Victoria is the largest lake of Africa.
• The film Ben Hur won the most (11) Oscur Awards in 1959.
• World’s largest mosque is shah faisal mosque.
• Largest capital is Ottawa.
• Tibetan Plateau has highest elevation.
• Smallest continent is Australia.
• Least populated Muslim country is Maldives.
• City with largest elevation is Lhasa.
• Largest Bay is Bay of Bengal.
• Largest delta is in Bengal created by the river Bharamputra and the Ganges.
• Largest gulf is the Gulf of Mexico.
• Largest water reservoir is Own falls (Uganda).
• Largest dam by volume is Kiev dam (Ukrain).
• Biggest dam is Pati dam (Argentina).
• Hottest place is Aziziyah, Libya.
• Coldest place is Plateau station (Antartica).
• Driest place is Atacama Desert in Chile.
• Biggest national park is yellow stone national park.
• Biggest university is California university (USA).
• Largest battle ship is USS Missouri.
• Largest sea port is port of Net York and New Jersey (USA).
• Most spoken language is Mandarin Chinese.
• Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque at Islamabad.
• Largest church is Chatholic Basilica (Vetican Rome).
• Largest university is university of New York USA.
• Oldest civilization is Sumerian civilization (Mesopotamia).
• Oldest town is Jericho (Jordan).
• Largest land mammal is African Elephant.
• Longest strait is the Strait of Malacca.
• Tallest animal is Giraffe.
• Largest bird is ostrich.
• Smallest bird is humming bird.
• Largest bank of the world is Dutch Bank of Germany.
• The country with most refugees is Iran.
• Country with most islands is Indonesia.
• First Muslim dynasty in India is slave dynasty.
• Highest birth rate is of Malawi (Africa).
• Lowest birth rate is of Peru.
• Highest death rate is of Peru.
• Lowest death rate is of Kuwait.
• A richest woman is Queen Elizabeth.
• The largest of oil consumer is USA.
• The largest oil field is Ghawar Oil field (Saudi Arabia).
• Tallest tower is CN Tower Toronto (Canada).
• Busiest airport is O’Hare International Airport (USA).
• Oldest capital city is Damascus (Syria).
• Largest constellation is Hydra.
• Fastest bird is Pregrine Falcon.
• Largest metropolitan is Mexico City.
• Biggest park is the wood Buffalo national park.
• Densest population is of Bangladesh.
• Longest canal is Volga Batlic canal.
• Longest day 21 June and shortest day December 21.
• Largest diamond is Cullinan.
• Longest big ship canal is Suez Canal.
• The smallest ocean is Arctic Ocean.
• Reticulated python is the longest snake in the world.
• Urengoi (Russia) is the largest natural gas reserved.
• The Bamboo has the fastest growth rate. It grows up to 3 feet in 24 hours.
• Trans-Siberian railway line is the longest in the world.
• Roxy is the biggest cinema house of the e world. It is located in New Your (United State).
• The largest telescope of the world called Keck-I, is located in Hawaii (USA).
• Jean Bernard is the deepest cave in France.
• The fastest flying bird in the world is Falcon.
• Largest peninsula is Arabian Peninsula.
• Mariana Trench is the deepest part of Pacific.
• The longest railway station is located in Japan.
• Polus Nedostupnostir is the coldest place on earth.
• Tallest Light house “Steel Marine Tower” is in Japan.
• The biggest delta in the world is the Sunderbans
• The city which is the biggest centre for manufacture of automobiles in the world is Detroit,USA
• The river which carries maximum quantity of water into the sea is the Mississippi
• Volentina Treshkova (USSR) was the first woman astronaut who orbited the earth in the year 1983.
• The American astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first man to steps on the surface of moon on 21 July 1969.
• Largest producer of silver is Mexico.
• The largest producer of carpet is Iran.
• The largest producer of cheese is USA.
• The largest producer of cotton is USA.
• The largest producer of Jute is Bangladesh.
• The largest producer of Rice is China.
• The largest producer of Silk is China.
• The largest producer of Steel is USA.
• The largest producer of Sugar is India.
• The largest producer of Tea is India.
• The largest producer of Wheat is USA.
• The largest producer of Wool is Australia.
• The largest producer of gold is South Africa.
• The largest producer of oil is Saudi Arabia.
• The largest producer of coffee
• The largest producer of tin is Malaysia.
• The world’s leading banking center is Zurich.
• Most Spoken Language is Chinese.
• World’s largest fish catching country is China.
• Muhammad Fathullah Khan Kandahari's translation: Printed in 1861, Bhopal, India, It is the first known translation of the holy Qur'an in Pashto
• The first translation of the Quran into a Western language was made into Latin. It was carried out by Robertus Rotenesis and Hermannus Dalmata in 1143
• South China Sea is the largest sea.
• What country is the world leader in Cobalt Mining-Zaire
• What animal has the best hearing-Bats
• What country had the first banknotes-Sweden China paper not banknotes
• Where was the worlds first supermarket built (country)-France
• Which country grows the most sugar-Brazil
• Name the largest Mediterranean island-Sicily
• Who was the first British monarch to visit America George VI in 1939
• What country consumes the most meat per capita 124 lb-Argentina
• What is the worlds largest food company- Nestle
• Which of the following is the world’s largest city in area? Mount Isa (Australia) /New York (chk)
• Which of the following countries has the largest area of forest? Russia
• Where is the world’s tallest Pagoda located? China
• Which of the following is the largest Gulf in the world? Gulf of Mexico
• In 1901 who first transmitted radio signals across Atlantic: Marconi
• Which country has the smallest birth rate: Vatican City
• Which country was the first to introduce old age pensions: Germany
• Who piloted the first flight across the English channel: Louis Bleriot
• What was the first James Bond film: Dr No
• Which country set up the world’s first chemistry lab in 1650: Netherlands
• Which country was the first to abolish capitol punishment 1826-Russia Czar Nicholas -Siberia instead
• What country is nearest to the North Pole: Greenland
• Who were the first people to measure the year-Babylonians
• Who was Canada's first prime minister-Sir John MacDonald
• What is the worlds oldest monotheistic religion: Judaism
• In what city is the worlds largest carpet manufacturer-Kashmir
• What is the worlds largest herb-Banana
• What country produces the most tobacco in the world-China
• What country has the most elephants-Tanzania
• Who was the first woman to receive The Order of Merit 1907-Florence Nightingale
• What country has the most Post Offices -India
• Where was the first Miss World contest held in 1951-London
• What country has the worlds largest merchant navy-Liberia
• What country consumes the most tea per capita-Ireland
• What country has the worlds oldest National Anthem-Netherlands
• What city has the worlds biggest taxi fleet-Mexico - over 60000
• What animal is mentioned most in the Bible-Sheep
• What is officially the poorest US state-Mississippi
• DELAG was the worlds first what Oct 16 1909- Airline - by Zeppelin
• Where was the first police force established in 1667-Paris
• What is the world tallest horse Shire Horse
• What bird lays the largest clutch of eggs The Grey Partridge – up to 16
• The King Cobra is the only snake that does what-Builds a Nest
• Worlds oldest existing treaty of 1373 between England and who Portugal
• What is considered to be the worlds fastest team game Ice Hockey
• What is the worlds largest airline- Aeroflot
• Which city had the world first public bus service- Paris
• Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean.
• The longest highway in the world is the Trans-Canada
• The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolkol at Kremlin,Moscow
• The biggest stadium in the world is the Strahov Stadium,Prague
• The country which has the greatest population density is Monaco
• The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib
• The first man to reach North Pole was Rear Peary
• The first Prime minister of Bangladesh was Mujibur Rehman
• The primary producer of newsprint in the world is Canada
• The first explorer to reach the South Pole was Cap.Ronald Amundson
• The airplane was used in war for the first time by Italians(14 Oct.1911)
• United State has most TV stations in the world.
• China has most land frontiers with neighboring countries.
• Tokyo is the largest metropolitan city.
• The first man to circumnavigate the world was Magellan.
• The world’s poorest country with a lowest per capita income is Rwanda.
• Saudi Arabia is no.1 oil producing country in the world
• Hingol is the largest river in the world.
• After USA, France is the biggest arms seller in the world.
• The maximum presentation in the European parliament is held by Germany.
• First test tube baby Louise Brown (England) was born in 1978.
• Oldest athlete to win Olympic title in 1920 belongs to USA.
• Youngest Olympic champion, Barbara pearl Jones belonged to USA.
• USA is the largest nuclear electric power producing country in the world. It produces 98,784 MW electricity which is about 30% of the total nuclear electricity generated in the world.
• Kilauea situated in Hawaii (US) is the most active volcano of the world
• Robert E. Perry (1856-1920) an American explorer reached North Pole on 6th April, 1909 for the first time in human history.
• In what country was the worlds first wildlife sanctuary set up-Sri Lanka 3rd cent BC
• Longest land frontier is of China.
• Highest % of land under cultivation is in India.
• World’s oldest university al-Azhar is in Egypt.
• Smallest continent is Australia.
• Yum located in Arizona (USA) is the sunniest place of the world. It gets sunshine in 91 % possible hours
• The longest continuous war was the thirty year war between various European countries from 1618 to 1648. While the shortest continuous war was between UK and Zanzibar, which lasted from 90 am to 9:45 am on 27th august 1896.
• China had the maximum number (861878) of primary schools. India was at the top with 241,129 secondary schools in 1994.
• USA is the country with 109 nuclear reactors , followed by france 56, japan 51
• Which country grows the most fruit: China
• Vicolo della virilita of Italy is the world’s narrowest street.
• Canal Street is the widest street in USA.
• Fastest animal is cheetah.
• Slowest animal is Snail 2 to 3 feet per minute.
• Biggest bell is Great bell at Moscow.
• Fastest bird is Indian swift.
• Largest bird is Ostrich.
• Smallest bird is Helena’s humming bird.
• Bird that never makes its nest is Cuckoo.
• Wingless bird is Kiwi.
• Longest canal is the Volga-Baltic.
• Highest capital is La Paz (Bolivia).
• Deepest cave is Reseau Jean Bernard (France).
• Biggest cinema house is Roxy (New York).
• Largest Church is Episcopalian Diocese (New York).
• Biggest city (by population) is Tokyo.
• City largest by area is Kiruna (Sweden).
• Largest continent is Asia.
• Smallest continent is Australia.
• Largest coral formation is The Great Barrier Reef (Australia).
• Longest corridor is Rameshwaram temple corridor.
• Highest country is China (Tibet region).
• Largest country by population is China.
• Largest country by area is Russia.
• Smallest country by area is Vatican City State.
• Highest dam is Rogunsky.
• Largest concrete dam is The Grand Coulee, USA.
• Longest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 21st June.
• Shortest Day in Northern Hemisphere is 22nd Dec:
• Largest Delta is Sundarbands (Bangladesh).
• Hottest desert is Libyan Sahara.
• Largest desert is Sahara (Africa) 33, 20,000 sq. miles.
• Highest desert is Atacama (Chile).
• Largest diamond is Cullinan.
• Largest diamond mine is Kimberley (South Africa).
• Largest dome is of Astrodome, Houston (USA).
• Biggest flower is Rafflesia (Java, Indonesia).
• Lightest gas is hydrogen.
• Longest glacier is Lambert (Antarctica).
• Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico.
• Largest gorge is Grand Canyon.
• Hottest place is Dalol (Ethiopia).
• Largest Island is Greenland.
• Largest underground lake is Drachenhauchloch cave (Arizona).
• Largest man-made lake is Lake Mead Arizona.
• Biggest library is Congress Library (USA).
• Longest lifespan of animal is of Giant tortoise.
• Largest mammal is Blue whale.
• Highest melting point is of Tungsten, 3410° C.
• Tallest Minaret is Qutub Minar (Delhi) 238 feet.
• Largest mosque is Shah Faisal Mosque, Islamabad.
• Highest mountain peak is Mt. Everest (Himalaya).
• Tallest mountain range is The Himalaya range with 96 of world’s 109 tallest peaks.
• Longest mountain range is Andes (South America).
• Biggest museum is British Museum (London).
• Largest Commercial Ocean is Atlantic Ocean.
• Youngest ocean is Atlantic Ocean.
• Mediterrian sea means ‘sea in the middle of land’.
• Saltiest ocean is Mediterranean Ocean.
• Ocean shrinking and growing is Atlantic Ocean.
• Fastest ocean swimmer is Sailfish (68 mph).
• Biggest palace is Vatican.
• Biggest park is the Wood Buffalo National Park, Alberta, Canada.
• Biggest passenger train is Queen Elizabeth (UK).
• Largest peninsula is Saudi Arabia.
• Coldest place is Verkhoyansk (Russia).
• Driest place is Death Valley (California).
• Hottest place is Azizia Libya Africa.
• Longest railway platform is Khargpur, India
• Highest plateau is Pamir, Tibet.
• Longest poisonous snake is King Cobra.
• Largest port is Rotterdam (Netherlands).
• Largest railway station is Grand Central Terminal.
• Longest railway line is Trans-Siberian Railway.
• Rainiest spot is Cherrapunji.
• Largest man-made reservoir is Angara River Russia.
• Largest river basin is Amazon River.
• Longest river dam is Hirakud Dam India.
• Largest river in volume is Amazon (Brazil).
• Longest river is Nile (Egypt).
• Largest sea bird is Albatross.
• Largest space centre is Cape Kennedy (USA).
• Largest stadium is Straho Stadium Prague.
• Tallest statue is Statue of Liberty (NY).
• Largest suspension bridge is Verazano-Narrows, NY.
• Longest swimming course is English Channel, UK.
• Broadest strait is Mozambique.
• Longest strait is Malacca.
• Biggest Telescope is Astro Physical Observatory.
• Largest temple is Angkor Vat (Cambodia).
• Longest non-stop train is Flying Scotman.
• Highest town is Wenchuan, Tibet (China).
• Tallest tower is CNN Tower, Toronto, USA.
• Longest road tunnel is Seikan (Japan).
• Highest volcano is Cotapaxi (Ecuador).
• Largest volcano is Mauna Loa (Hawaii)
• Philippines has the greatest number of volcanoes in the world.
• Longest wall is Great Wall of China 1550 miles long.
• Highest waterfall is Angel (Venezuela)
• Lowest body of water is Dead Sea.
• Biggest zoo is Etosha National Park, Namibia.
• In 2650 the first Pyramid was built in Egypt.
• In 776 First Olympic Games were played in Greece.
• Alexander invaded India in battle of Hydaspes.
• Emperor Theodesius banned the Olympic Games.
• Sun and Moon pyramids are in Mexico.
• Rock temple was built at Jerusalem.
• The largest tea producing country is India.
• USA has the largest production of aluminium.
• Rainfall related to mountains is Orographic rainfall.
• Lakes give the source of terrestrial moisture.
• Bangladesh has a dispute over the construction of a dam on Naaf River with Myanmar.
• A large coral reef containing islands encompassing a sea water lagoon is named Atoll.
• The largest basins in the face of the earth are oceans. Basin is a low land area.
• Sri Lanka is not a landlocked country.
• The thinnest earth layer is Crust.
• The name of the second highest African peak is Mount Kenya.
• Name of the second largest river of Africa is The Congo.
• Sundarbans Forests are world’s largest mangrove forests.
• Khunjra Pass connects Pakistan with China.
• Water source beneath the earth flowing naturally is called spring.
• Canada leads in the world in production of asbestos.
• Bachendri Pal is the first Indian woman to scale Mount Everst.
• Borge Ousland is a Norwegian explorer. He became the first person to walk across the Antarctic continent alone and unsupported.
• Brazil is the largest producer of coffee in the world.
• Chile is the largest copper producing country in the world.
• The country where death rate is lowest in the world is Japan.
• Largest Ginger producing nation is Indonesia.
• Lithuania was the first Soviet Republic of the former Soviet Union which declared itself independent.
• Madagaskar is the largest island in the Indian Ocean.
• Ferdinand Magellan commanded the first expedition in 15190 to sail round the world and discovered passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic. He proved that the shape of the earth is round.
• India leads in export of Mica in the world.
• Longest Optical Fibre is between Singapore and Marseilles.
• Dr. Ian Wilmut is credited with first cloned sheep.
• New Zealand was the first country to propose Carbon Tax to address global warming.
• Suez Canal is the largest ship canal in the world. It joins Red Sea with Mediterranean Sea. The plan of the Suez Canal was conceived by Ferdinand de Lesseps.
• Largest sugar producing country is India second is Brazil.
• Cuba is the highest producer of sugarcane in the world.
• In November 2005, Africa’s first woman head of state was elected in Mozambique. Her name is Luisa Diogo of FELIMO party.
• Amazon is the largest river of the world.
• The North Atlantic Route is the largest and busiest of the ocean trade routes.
• Most Subways in the country.. USA
• What city has the longest metro system: London
• USA has most roads what country has second most: India
• China started Civil Service Examination first of all in 6 A.D.
• Which of the following is the largest sugar producing country in the world? Brazil
• World’s oldest regligionis Hinduism.
• World’s largest religion is Christianity.
• World’s second most populous city is Mexico city.
• First to sail around the world was Ferdinand Magallan
• Largest number of Palestinian refuges are in Jordan.
• Kazakistan is the largest country in Central Asia.
• Largest landlocked country in world is Mangolia.
• Biggest oil refinery is at Abadan (Iran).
• Detroit (USA) is famous for car manufacturing.
• Glasgow is biggest ship building centre.
• Havana is famous for cigar manufacturing.
• Europe’s only Islamic state is Albania.
• Newzealand is close to Int: Date Line.
• In which city there is the largest stock exchange of the world? New York.
• Oldest Search Engine is ... Yahoo
• Bird largest in size... Ostrich
• Oldest parliament in the world--- Althing (Iceland)
• The last King of Afghanistan... Zahir Shah
• First person to walk across the Antarctic continent alone was Borge Ousland.
• Aqualine is the world’s longest under-sea tunnel (15.1 km long) bridge and tunnel express-way for motor vehicles across Tokyo Bay.
• Arabia is the larges peninsula.
• Only Hindu kingdom in World is Nepal.
• Who was the first man to fly across the channel: Louis Bleriot
• What is the largest state in the USA: Alaska
• Which of the following countries of South-West Asia leads in the production of oil? Saudi Arabia
• Which country grows the most potatoes: Russia
• What language has the most words: English
• What is the smallest state of Australia-Tasmania
• Paris and What other capital had the worlds first telephone link-Brussels
• What is the largest country in Africa -Sudan
• What was the worlds first passenger jet aircraft-Comet
• In what city was the worlds first blood bank opened 1940-New York – Richard Charles Drew
• What county first used pepper-China
• What is the oldest known science- Astronomy
• What is the last element – Alphabetically-Zirconium
• What is the worlds most popular first name-Mohammed
• What is the fastest swimming ocean fish over 60 mph-Sailfish – Marlin
• People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world.
• The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of fundy (canada).
• Sudan is the largest country in Africa.
• Mumbai is the most populous city.
• Khan Mehtarzai is the highest railway station in Asia.
• Maximum quantities of diamonds are found in Africa.
• The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian town of Cherapoonje. 366,14 inches rain fell there during the month of july 1861.
• Light is the fastest thing in the universe.It travels at a phenomenal speed of 187,000 miles per second.
• The largest tides of the world occur in Bay of Fundy (canada).
• Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia.
• Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir, Turkey in 1999.
• Breitling orbiter 3 was the first balloon to fly non-stop around the world.
• King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is elected for 5 years term.
• Largest oil company belong to USA is The Ecxon Corporation.
• The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street
• The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains is the highest lake in the world.
• Sierra Leone has the lowest GDP per capita of 510 US dollars and Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita of 36,400 US dollars.
• People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world.
• The Royal Majesty ship Queen Elizabeth (UK) is the largest passenger ship in the world. It is 314 metres long and 36 metres wide.
• The Cambodian language is a language which has a total number of 74 alphabets.
• The Sumerian civilization is considered to be the oldest civilization of the world.
• Jericho, situated in the Jorden valley is the oldest town of the world.
• The maximum ever temperature of 136.4 F was recorded on september 13,1922 in the city Azizia (Libya) and The minimum temperature of -129.6 F was recorded in the town of Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august , 1960.
• Worldwide most capitol cities begin with which letter- B
• Who built the worlds first film studio- Thomas Alva Edison
• Where is the worlds largest mine-Carletonville South Africa
• What is the biggest tourist attraction in Zambia-Victoria falls
• What country consumes the most coffee per capita 25 Lb-Finland
• Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the second-Coffee
• Which country makes the most films per year- India
• What's the worlds longest rail journey made no train change Moscow Peking
• What was the first sport to be filmed -Boxing by Thomas Edison 1894
• Name the first film to have its sequel released in the same year-King Kong - Son of Kong
• What cities underground has the most stations-New York
• first man to set foot on all five continents- Captain Cook
• Who was the pilot in the first fatal air crash-Orville Wright
• Where was the worlds first oil well drilled-Pennsylvania
• What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland
• What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan
• What was the first country to recognise the US as independent-Morocco
• On what are the worlds smallest paintings painted- Pin Heads
• Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch- Queen Elizabeth 1st

FATHER’S OF DIFFERENT FIELDS
• Father of modern chemistry is Jabir bin Hayyan
• Father of botany is Theofrastus
• Father of biology is Aristotle
• James Hutton is called the father of modern geology.
• Thefrastus is called as father of botany.
• Father of Homeopathy is Heinemann.
• Founder of physical chemistry Arrhenius.
• Copernicus is known as the Father of Astronomy.
• Greek writer Herodotus is called father of History.
• Who is known as The father of English poetry - 1340 - 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer
• ‘Aristophanes’ is called father of comedy.
• Charles babbage is called " Father of computer "
• Adam smith is called " Father of economics "
•
DISCOVERIES AND INVENTIONS
• Galileo was first to discover rotation of earth
• Kohler and Milstein discovered monoclonal antibodies.
•
• Photography was invented by Mathew Barry
• Albert Sabin invented Polio vaccine (oral)
• Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (Russian) published his first version of periodic table in 1869.
• X-ray machine was invented by James Clark
• Arthur Campton discovered x-rays and Cosmic rays.
• Chadwick discovered Neutron
• Telescope was invented by Galileo
• Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming
• Noble gases discovered by Cavendish
• Gun powder was first invented in China
• Velocity of light was measured by Michelson
• Archimedes gave laws about Floatation of Bodies
• Balloon fly up in air according to Archimedes’s principle
• Dr. Christian Bernard was first to perform heart transplant in 1967 in cape town(SA)
• First man to receive artificial heart was Dr. Barney B. Clark
• Barometer was invented by Pascal
• Robert Hook discovered Cell in 1665
• Aspirin discovered by Dresser
• Atomic theory given by Dalton
• Atomic number given by Mosley
• Bacteria by Leeunhock
• Blood circulation by William Harvey
• Calculus by Newton
• Co2 by Fishcer
• Chlorine by K. Scheele
• Oxygen by Priestley
• Hydrogen by Cavandish
• Super conductor by Bendnorz and Muller in 1987 and were awarded Nobel Prize
• Cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.
• Chloroform by Guthrie
• Deuterium by Harlod
• Dynamite by Alfred B. Nobel
• DNA by Watson Crick
• Gene by Johanson
• Chromosomes by Waldyar
• Electric resistance by Ohm
• Electrolysis by Faraday
• Electron by J.J. Thomson in 1897
• Neutron by Chadwick
• Proton by Rutherford
• Positron by Anderson
• Ozone by Echonbein
• Planetary motion by Kepler
• Radioactivity by Bacquerel
• Radium by Currie
• Insulin by Banting & Best
• Human heart transplant by Bernard
• Vaccine (measles) by Peebles
• Vaccine (polio) by Salk
• Vaccine (rabies) by Louis Pasteur
• Vaccine (small pox) by Edward Jenner
• Cause of Malaria was discovered by Ronald Ross
• Adding machine invented by Pascal
• Atom Bomb by Otto Hahn
• Air Brake by George Washington
• Air Conditioning by H. Carier
• Airplane (with motor) by Wright Bothers
• Airplane (jet engine) by Ohain
• Automobile (electric) by William Morrison
• Automobile (differential gear) by Benz
• Bakelite by Leo Hendricks Backland
• Balloon by Mont Golfer
• Barometer by Torricelli
• Bicycle (modern) by Starley
• Bifocal lens by Benjamin Franklin
• Burner (gas) by Bunsen
• Calculating machine (digital) by Charles Babbage
• Camera (photographic) by Josef N. Niepce
• Carburetor by Daimler
• Cement by Joseph Aspidin
• Circuit breaker by Hilliard
• Computer (electronic) by J.P.Eckert and J.W.Mauckly
• Diesel engine by Rudolf Diesel
• Digital camera was invented by Eastman Kodak.
• Gas engine by Daimler
• Electric fan by wheeler
• Electric flat iron by Henry Sealy
• Electric generator by Hippolyte Pixie
• Electric motor by Michael Faraday
• Motor A.C by Tesla
• Motor D.C by Devin Port
• Electric shaver by W.S. Hadaway
• Electric vaccum cleaner by James Spangler
• Electromagnet by William Sturgeon
• Electron Microscope by Vladimir Zwryin
• Microscope (compound) by Janessen and Leeuhock
• Flying shuttle by Johan Kay
• Gun powder by Roger Bacon
• Gas engine (four cycle) by Otto and Daimler
• Helicopter by Sikorsky
• Interneral combustion engine by Daimler
• Jet engine by Frank Whittle
• Knitting Machine by William Lee
• Lamp (incadecent) by Thomas Edision
• Montgoflier invented balloon.
• Talbot invented photographic paper.
• Dickenson invented paper machine.
• Blanchard invented parachute.
• Colt’s invention is pistol.
• Howe was the inventor of sewing machine.
• Lamp (mercury) by Hewit
• Laser (practical) by Gordon Gould
• Laser (operable) by T.H.Mainman
• Machine gun by Gatling
• Match (safety) by Pasch
• Microphone by Graham Bell
• Motion pictures (camera) by Edison
• Motor cycle by Daimler
• Motor scooter by Bradsha
• Parachute by Garnerin
• Pen (fountain) by Waterman
• Pen (ball-point) John Loud Biro
• Photoelectric cell by Julius Elster
• Piano by Christopher
• Printing press (screw type) by Guten Berg
• Radar by Watson Watt
• Railway (electric) by Werner Siemens
• Razor safety by Gillette
• Razor (electric) by Jacob Schick
• Refrigerator by Ferdinand Carre
• Revolver by Samuel Solt
• Rifle by August Kotter
• Rifle (automatic) by John Moses Browning
• Rocket Engine by Goddard
• Safety pin by Walter Hunt
• Sewing Machine by Elias Howe and Thomas Saint
• Stainless steel by Herry Brearley
• Stream boat by Abbans
• Submarine by Holland
• Tank military by Swinton
• Telephone by Graham Bell
• Radio by Marconi
• Telescope (reflecting) by Galileo
• Telescope (refracting) by Newton
• Television (mechanical) by J.L. Baird
• Television (electric) by Fransworth
• Thermometer by Galilo
• Termomter (mercury) by Farhenheit
• Tractor by Robert Keeley
• Transformer by William Stanley
• Transistor by William Shockley
• Type writer by Henry Mill
• Washing machine (electric) by Alva Fisher
• Washing machine (manual) by Hamilton E. Smith
• Welding (electric) by E. Thomson
• Zipper (meshed tooth) by Gideon Sundback
• Celcius devised Centrigrade scale
• Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture.
• Ramsay discovered inert gas.
• Proton was discovered by Goldstein
• Who is credited with the development of polio vaccine? Jonas Salk
• Christopher Cockerel invented what: Hovercraft
• The electric chair was invented by a dentist
• Bardeen and Brattin discovered Semiconductor
• What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask
• Atom Bomb (Uranium Fission) was invented by Otto Hahn in 1941.
• Electron was discovered in 1897.
• Oxygen was discovered in 1774.
• Tomas A Edison was American.
• X-rays and Cosmic rays were discovered by Arthur Compton.
• Printing press was invented by Johann Gutenberg.
• Gramophone was invented by Emile Berliner.
• Blood pressure was discovered by William Harvey.
• Magnifying glass was invented by Roger Bacon.
• Insulin was discovered by Banting.
• Michael Faraday invented Electric Motor in belonged to England.
• ECG invented by Einthogen.
• Columbus Day is observed on 2nd Monday in October.
• In 1774 Oxygen was discovered by Priestly.
• In 1589 William Lee invented knitting machine.
• More than 2000 years ago a Roman Ruler Julius Caesar invented the calendar that we use today.
• Lipstick was first introduced in 1915 in America.
• Zippers were introduced in 1890.
• China was discovered by Marco Polo.
• Sea route from Europe to India was discovered by Vasco-de-Gama.
• Canada was discovered by Jacques Cartier.
• Australia was discovered by William Jon zoon.
• Parachute was invented by L.S Lenormand in 1783.
• Box Camera was invented by G.Eastman in 1988.
• Electric Generator was invented by Hippolyte Pixil in the year 1832. He belonged to France.
• In 1907 Electric Washing Machine was invented by an American named A.J 1916.
• Motorcycle was invented by Gottlieb Daimler in 1885, he belonged to Germany.
• First person to reach North Pole was Robert E.Peray.
• Dynamo was invented by Faraday in the year of 1831.
• On 14th Dec 1911 South Pole was discovered by Armunden.
• America was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492, he belonged to Italy.
• Sea route to India was discovered by Vasco da Gama in 1498, he belonged to Protugese.
• Sandwich Island (now called Hawaiian Island) was discovered by Captain cook in 1770, he belonged to English.
• Suez Canal was designed by French Engineer Ferdiand de Lesseps in 1869.
• Solar System was discovered by Copernicus in 1540, he belonged to Poland.
• Planery motion was discovered by Kepler in 1600, he belonged to Germany.
• Artificial radioactivity was discovered by Madam Joliet and Irene Curie in 1934.
• Atomic number were discovered by Mosley in 1913.
• Atomic theory was given by Dalton in 1803.
• Who invented wax paper- Thomas Edison
• Atomic Structure was studied by Bohr and Rutherford in 1913.
• Circumference of the earth was calculated by Jean Picard.
• Current Electricity was invented by Volta in 1800, he belonged to Italy.
• Cause of yellow fever was discovered by Reed in 1900.
• Discovery of Oxygen was made by J.Priestly in 1774.
• Deuterium (Heavy Hydrogen) was discovered by H.C Urey in 1932.
• Discovery of Electron was made by J.J Thomson in 1897.
• Dynamite was made my Alfred Noble, he belonged to Sweden.
• Fundamental laws of electrical attraction was made by Coulomb.
• Hydrogen was discovered by Cavendish in 1766.
• Induction of electric current was discovered by Michaed Farraday in 1841.
• Incandescent bulb was made by Edison in 1860.
• Intelligence tests were made by Binet in 1905.
• Laughing gas (Nitrous oxide) was discovered by Priestly.:
• Chromosomes were discovered by Hofmeister.
• Otto Hahm invented A.Bomb.
• Wright Brothers invented Aeroplane.
• W. Shockley discovered transistor.
• Christian Barnard was pioneer in heart transplantation.
• William Harvey discovered Circulation of blood.
• Ramsay discovered inert gas.
• Aristotle was the first to classify animals into groups.
• Theophrastus is regarded as the father of botany.
• Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavandish.
• Proton was discovered by Goldstein.
• Thomson discovered electron.
• Commercial cork is obtained from Quercus.
• Bacteria were discovered by Louis Pasture.
• In 1803, the English Scientist John Dalton described the atom as the smallest unit of an element.
• In 1897 J.J Thomson discovered electron, negative charges.
• In 1911 Ernest Rutherford, a New Zealander living in Britain, carried out experiment with atomic particles.
• Scientist use enormous machine called particle accelerator to discover and find out about subatomic particles.
• Ernest Rutherford in 1908, with the equipment discovered the atomic nucleus.
• Hans Geiger (1882-1945) invented the Geiger Counter used to measure radioactivity.
• The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel.
Francois Isaac de Rivaz
• The scientist who discovered water: Antoine Lavoisier (Chk)
• Nitric acid__ acid was discovered by Jabbar bin Hayyan.(HCL was also discovered by him)
• What calculating aid was invented by William Oughtred in 1662: Slide Rule
• What was invented by James Dewer in 1872: Vacuum or thermos flask
• Fredrick Sanger discovered which medical life saver: Insulin
• Who invented Scissors-Leonardo Da Vinci
• In 1902 What did Mary Anderson invent-Windscreen Wipers
• The technique to produce the first test tube baby was evolved by Patrick Stepote and Robert Edwards
• Sumiton invented Tank.
• The very first electric light was invented in Scotland in 1835 by James Lindsay.
• The molecular theory of matter was experimentally testified by Robert Brown.
• The theory of inheritance of acquired characters was propounded by J.B. Lamarck
• What was invented by Dr Edward Land in 1947: Polaroid
• Dr. James Watson discovered the structure of DNA in 1953.
• Structure of DNA was given by Watson and Crick.
• Air conditioner invented by "willis H. carrier"U.S. in 1902.
• Camera (photographic) has been invented by "Joseph N. Niepce"France in 1822.
• The scientist who designed the first internal combustion engine used to burn low grade fuel. Etienne Lenoir
Pioneers in Science

Anderson—Discovered positive electrons.
Archimedes—Discovery of the Principles of lever and of specific gravity; invention of the famous Archimedean screw.
Avogadro—An Italian scientist known for Avogadro’s Hypothesis.
Bacquerel—Radio-activity of uranium.
Baird—Television.
Baron Napier—Logarithms.
Benjamin Franklin—Invented lightning conductor.
Bessemer—Steel smelting process.
Bhabha, Dr H.J.—Research in Cosmic rays and Quantum theory.
Binet—Intelligence Test.
Birbal Sahni—Researches in Botany.
Bose, J.C.—Invented Crescograph and published many works on plant physiology. He discovered that plants have sense and perception.
Bose, S.N.—Discovery of a group of nuclear particles named after him “Boson”.
Boyle—Boyle’s law; Pressure x volume = constant at a constant given temperature. Boyle was the greatest scientist of England in his time.
Bohr—Electron Theory—Atomic structure.
Braun, Dr Wernher von—space flying.
Bunsen—Invention of the spectroscope.
Carothers—Nylon plastics.
Cavendish—Discovery of chemical composition of water; discovery of hydrogen (Inflammable Air); ‘rare gases’.
Chadwick—Discovery of the neutron.
Chandrasekhar—Mathematical Astrophysics.
Charles Darwin—Theory of Evolution; Origin of Species.
Clarke, Arthur C.—Concept of Geostationary Orbit.
Curie, Madame—Discovery of radium.
Dalton—Atomic theory; laws of chemical combination; law of partial pressures; the law of multiple proportions.
Democritus—Greek philosopher—(Atomic theory).
Dewar—Invented cordite, liquid oxygen and introduced thermos flask.
Einstein—Theory of relativity.
Euclid—Science of geometry.
Fahrenheit—Fahrenheit mercury thermometric scale in which freezing point is –32° and boiling point is 212°.
Faraday—Electromagnetic induction and laws of electrolysis.
Fermi—Discovered artificial splitting of atoms.
Freud—Doctrine of Psycho-analysis.
Gay Lussac—Law of gases.
Gauss—System of absolute electric measurements.
Good Year—Discovered the art of vulcanising rubber.
Herschel, William—Discovered the Planet—Uranus.
Hertz—Electrical waves.
Hippalus—Founder of scientific astronomy.
Hoffmann—Discovered the first aniline dye.
Kelvin, Lord—Dynamical theory of heat.
Khorana, Dr Hargobind—Deciphering the genetic code.
Kodak—Film and photographic goods.
Lablanc—Manufacture of washing soda.
Lawrence—Invention of cyclotron.
Lockyer—Helium gas.
Louis Braille—Perfected his system of reading and writing for the blind.
Marconi—Wireless telegraphy; radio.
Maria-Montessori—‘Montessori’ method of teaching children.
Maxwell—Electro-magnetic Theory of Light.
Meghnad Saha—Effect of pressure on Radiation through bodies.
Mendel—Laws of heredity.
Mandeleev—Periodic Table.
Morse—Morse system of electric telegraphy.
Newton—Laws of gravitation; Law of Motion.
Nobel—Dynamite.
Oliver Lodge—Physicist. Researches in wireless communications.
Oppenheimer—Researches in atomic theory.
Otto Hahn—Discovery of uranium fission.
Parkes—Celluloid.
Parsons—Steam turbine.
Pavlov—Theory of Conditioned Reflex.
Perkin—‘Mauve dye’.
Pitman—Founded the Pitman system of phonographic shorthand.
Planck—Quantum theory.
Plimsoll—Introduced a line of demarcation on the ships beyond which the ships cannot be loaded.
Priestley—Discovery of Oxygen.
Raman, C.V.—“Raman Effect” on polarisation of light and theories on crystals and diamond formation.
Ramanathan—Molecular scattering of light in fluids.
Ramanujam—A great Indian mathematician.
Ramsay—Discovery of Inert gases such as Argon, Neon, Helium etc.
Ray, P.C.—Researches in chemistry.
Regnault—Experiments in regard to the physical properties of bodies and their relation to heat.
Roger Bacon—Gun powder.
Rontgen—Discovery of X-rays.
Rohmkorff—Induction coil.
Rutherford—Atomic Research; succeeded in splitting the atom for the first time in 1918.
Shalimar—Paints.
Stephenson—British engineer and pioneer in Railways. He was the first to put a locomotive on the line that was able to draw a train of 31 carriages.
Thomson, J.J.—Discovered electron.
Travers—Discovery of Neon gas (Working with Ramsay).
Urey—Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen.
Volta—Current electricity and electric battery.
Pioneers in Mechanical Inventions and Discoveries
Austin—Motor Car.
Bell, Graham—Telephone.
Berliner—Microphone.
Brequet—Helicopter.
Bushwell—Submarine.
Caxton—Printing Press.
Colt—Revolver.
Daimler—Gas engine.
Davy—Miner’s Safety Lamp.
Diesel—Internal Combustion engine (Diesel engine).
Dunlop—Pneumatic tyre.
Edison—First electric bulb and gramophone.
Faraday—Dynamo.
Fick—Law of Diffusion—Fick’s Law.
Frank Whittle—Jet propulsion.
Fulton—Stream boat.
Galileo—Telescope.
Gillette—Safety razor.
Guttenburg—Art of Printing.
Hoe—Rotary Printing Press.
Howe—Sewing Machine.
Huygens—Pendulum clock.
James Watt—Steam engine (patented in 1769).
Landstrom, J.E.—Safety Matches.
Macmillan—Bicycle (1842).
Mauser—Magazine of rifle.
Mercator—Celestial and a terrestrial globe.
Montgolfier—Balloon (1883)
Pascal—Calculating Machine.
Puckle, James—Machine gun
Shockley—Transistor.
Sholes—Typewriter.
Stephenson—Railway engine.
Swinton—Military tank.
Torricelli—Barometer.
Watt, Robert Watson—Radar.
W. & O. Wright (Wright Brothers)—Aeroplane (1903).
Waterman—Fountain pen.
Zeiss—Lenses; Camera.
Pioneers in
Medical Inventions and Discoveries
• Banting—Insulin (as a palliative for diabetes).
Barnard, Christian—Replacing the human heart.
Brahmchari, U.M.—Cure of Kala-a-zar fever.
Davy—Isolation of metals by electricity; studied properties of chlorine.
Domagk—Sulpha drugs as bactericides.
Eijkman—Cause of Beri-Beri.
Finsen—Discovered curative effect of ultra violet rays; photography.
Fleming, Alexander—Penicillin (in 1929).
Harvey—Circulation of blood.
Hahnemann—Homoeopathy (founder).
Hopkins, Frederick Gowland—Vitamin D.
Jenner—Smallpox Vaccination.
Koch—Tubercle Bacillus.
Lainnec—Stethoscope.
Lister, Lord—Antiseptic treatment.
Pasteur, Louis—Treatment of rabies; cure of hydrophobia.
Ronald Ross—Malaria Parasite.
Salk, Jonas E.—Anti-polio Vaccine.
Simpson and Harrison—Chloroform.
Waksman—Streptomycin.

SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS
• Hydrometer measures humidity
• Barometer measures atmospheric pressure
• Purity of milk is measured by lactometer
• Fathometer measures the depth of oceans.
• Sextant is used for measuring altitude of Sun and other heavenly bodies
• Chronometer records accurate time on ships
• Algesimeter indicates the degree of sensitiveness of skin
• Altimeter measures altitudes
• Ammeter measures current
• Anemometer records velocity of wind
• Cyamometer measures blueness of sky or ocean
• Dasymeter measures density of gas
• Galvanometer measures small electric current
• Hydrometer measures relative density of liquids
• Hygrometer measures humidity in atmosphere
• Hypsometer measures atmospheric pressure to ascertain elevations by determining boiling point of liquid. Or Hypsometer is an instrument for measuring the height above sea level.
• Manometer measures pressure of gases
• Micrometer measures minute distances
• Periscope is used for viewing objects above eye level
• Cyclotron is used for electromagnetic acceleration of charged atoms
• Geiger counter is used for detecting and recording radioactivity. It was invented by Hans Geiger (1882-1945)
• Pyrometer measures high temperatures
• Refrectometer measures refractive index of a substance
• Seismograph measures intensity of earthquake
• Telstar transmits wireless or T.V broadcast
• Viscometer measures viscosity of liquids
• Spiro graph records the movement of lungs
• Photometer measures rate of transpiration
• Scotograph is used for enbling blind to write
• Eratosthenes measures distance round the earth
• Kaldio-scopes have proved helpful in finding the amount of dampness in soil
• Mohr’s scale measures degree of hardness of minerals
• RBC and WBC is bloods are counted by Hemocytometer.
• Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure.
• Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of light.
• The variation in the blood flow can be heard with an instrument called _ stethoscope _
• What is measured by an interferometer-Wavelength of light
• Hydrophone is used for measuring sound under water.
• Magnometer is an instrument designed to compare the magnetic movement and field.
• Potometer is used to measure the rate of respiration in animal and plants.
• For measuring solar radiation we use pyrheliometer.
• Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun.
• Ammeter is use for measuring current strength.
• Manometer is the instrument of measuring gas pressure.
• Spectrometer instrument for measuring the spectrum of light.
• The measurement of rainfall is made by an instrument known as rain gauge
• What is measured with an ombrometer-Rainfall
• The instrument used to measure very high temperature: Infrared pyrometers
• Mechanical energy into electrical energy: Generator
• Heat energy into mechanical energy: Heat engine or steam engine.
• Electrical energy into mechanical energy: Electrical Motor
• Electrical energy into sound energy: Loudspeaker
• Sound energy into electrical energy: Microphone
• The device used to measure radioactivity: Geiger-Muller tube
• The device which converts the chemical energy into electrical energy: Battery
• The device used to measure radioactivity. Geiger counter
• Hygrometer is instrument used for measuring humidity of air.
• Heliscope is used for viewing the sun.
• What does a potometer measure- Water intake
• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit.
• Actimometer measures direct heating power of the Sun.
• Ammeter is use for measuring current strength
• Voltammeter is an electrolytic cell for conducting electrolytic dissociation of electrolyte.
• What does a drosomoter measure: Dew
• Relative density of an atmosphere is measured by hygrometer.
• Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the movement of the lungs.
• The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can become deaf is 129 lbs.
• Charles K Rhodes developed an X-Ray emitting laser in 1990.
• Son meter is an instrument used to study the behavior of vibrating string.
• The instrument used for measuring the velocity of wind is known as anemometer.
•


Altimeter: an apparatus used in aircraft for measuring altitudes.
Ammeter: is used for to measure intensity of sound.
Anemometer: is an instrument for measuring the force and velocity of wind.
Audiometer: an instrument to measure intensity of sound.
Audiophone: is an instrument required for improving imperfect sense of hearing.
Barograph: for continuous recording of atmospheric pressure.
Barometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the atmospheric pressure.
Binoculars: is an instrument used for seeing distant objects, the rays of light are twice reflected by means of right-angled prisms.
Callipers: a compass with legs for measuring the inside or outside diameter of bodies.
Calorimeter: an instrument used for measuring quantities of heat.
Carburettor: is an apparatus for charging air with petrol vapours in an internal combustion engine.
Cardiogram: a medical instrument used for tracing the movements of the heart.
Cardiograph: is a medical instrument for tracing heart movements.
Chronometer: is an instrument kept on board the ships for measuring accurate time.
Cinematograph: It consists of a series of lenses arranged to throw on a screen an enlarged image of photographs. The lens system which forms the image on the screen is termed the focusing lens.
Commutator: split ring which forms the main part of a D.C. Dynamo.
Compass needle: for knowing approximately the North-South direction at a place.
Crescograph: is an instrument for use in recording growth of plants; invented by J.C. Bose.
Dip Circle: It is an instrument used to determine the angle between the direction of the resultant intensity of earth’s field and the horizontal component at a place. This particular angle is know as the dip of that place.
Drinker’s apparatus: to help breathing in infantile paralysis.
Dynamo: The origin of electricity in a Dynamo is the transformation of mechanical energy into electrical energy. It depends on the principle of electro-magnetic induction whereby a current is produced on traversing a magnetic field.
Electroencephalograph (EEG): It is the technique of recording and interpreting the electrical activity of the brain. Records of the electrical activity of the brain, commonly known as “brain waves”, are called electroencephalograms or electroencephalographs. EEG is the common abbreviation for both the technique and the records.
Epidiascope: for projecting films as well as images of opaque articles on a screen.
Eudiometer: It is a glass tube for measuring volume changes in chemical reactions between gases.
Fathometer: is an instrument used for measuring depth of the ocean.
Galvanometer: an instrument for measuring currents of small magnitude.
G.M. Counter (Geiger Muller Counter): This special device is used for detecting the presence of radiation and counting certain atomic particles.
Gramophone: an instrument with which we can reproduce the sound recorded by a suitable recording apparatus. It is fitted with a special type of apparatus known as sound box invented by Berliner.
Gravimeter: is an instrument for recording measurement under water and to determine the presence of oil deposits under water.
Gyroscope: is an instrument used to illustrate dynamics of rotating bodies. It is a type of spinning wheel fixed to the axle.
Hydrometer: is an instrument used for measuring the specific gravity of liquids.
Hydrophone: is an instrument used for recording sound under water.
Hygrometer: is an instrument used for measuring humidity in air.
Kymograph: is an instrument used to record graphically various physiological movements i.e., blood pressure, heart beating, study of lungs etc in living beings.
Lactometer: is an apparatus used for measuring the purity of milk.
Manometer: for determining the pressure of a gas.
Mariner’s Compass: is an apparatus which is used to guide the sailors. The needle always points north-south.
Micrometer: is an instrument used for converting sound i.e., fraction of the lowest division of a given scale.
Microphone: is an instrument used for converting sound waves into electrical vibrations.
Microscope: is an instrument which is used for magnifying minute objects by a lens system.
Microtome: is used for cutting an object into thin parts for microscopic inspection.
Odometer: is an instrument by virtue of which the distance covered by wheeled vehicles is recorded.
Periscope: It is usually used by the crew of a submarine to survey the ships etc, on the surface of the sea while the submarine is under water. It also enables the sailors to observe objects on the other side of an obstacle without exposing themselves.
Phonograph: is an instrument used for reproducing sound.
Photometer: is an apparatus used to compare the illuminating power of two sources of light.
Pipette: It is a glass tube with the aid of which a definite volume of liquid may be transferred.
Potentiometer: is used for comparing the e.m.f.s, of cells, measurements of the thermal e.m.f.s, large potential differences and currents. It is also used for measuring low resistances.
Psychrometer: is an instrument for measurement of the humidity of the atmosphere.
Pyrometer: is an instrument for recording high temperatures from a great distance (i.e., for recording temperature of the sun etc.) by making use of the laws of radiation.
Radar: Radio, Angle, Detection And Range is used to detect the direction and range of an approaching aeroplane by means of radio microwaves.
Rain Gauge: is an apparatus for recording of rainfall at a particular place.
Radiometer: is an instrument for measuring the emission of radiant energy.
Refractometer: is an instrument to measure refractive indices.
Saccharimeter: is an instrument for determining the amount of sugar in a solution. It is used in breweries.
Seismometer or Seismograph: is an instrument used for recording earthquake shocks.
Sextant: is an instrument invented by John Hadley used for measuring the altitude of the sun and of other inaccessible heavenly bodies.
Spectrometer: (1) It is a type of spectroscope suitable for the precise measurements of refractive indices. (2) An instrument for measuring the energy distribution of a particular type of radiation.
Speedometer: is an instrument which indicates speed at which a vehicle is moving.
Spherometer: is an instrument for measuring curvature of surfaces.
Sphygmomanometer: an instrument used for measuring arterial blood-pressure.
Sphygmophone: an instrument, with the help of which a pulse beat makes a sound.
Sphygmoscope: an instrument, by virtue of which, arterial pulsations become visible.
Stereoscope: It is a special type of binocular, through which a double photograph snapped from two different angles by a two-lensed camera is viewed in solid relief.
Stethoscope: is an instrument to hear and analyse movements of heart and lungs.
Stop watch: for recording small intervals of time in the laboratory, in races and other events.
Stroboscope: is an instrument for viewing objects moving rapidly with a periodic motion and to see them as if they were at rest.
Tachometer: is an instrument for determining speeds of aeroplanes and motor boats.
Telephone: a device by virtue of which two persons at two different places can communicate. It consists of two main parts (i) a microphone and (ii) a receiver.
Teleprinter: an instrument which prints automatically messages sent from one place to another, on telegraph lines.
Telescope: is an apparatus used for observing distant objects.
Theodolite: is an instrument for measuring horizontal and vertical angles.
Thermocouple: an instrument based on thermo-electricity used for measuring temperatures.
Thermometer: is an apparatus used for measuring temperature.
Thermostat: It is an instrument used to regulate the temperature to a particular degree.
Viscometer: is an instrument to measure viscosity.



COMPUTER
• Half byte = 1nibble = 4 bits
• Bit means Binary Digit
• 1 byte = 8 bits
• 1 mega byte = 1048576 bytes
• 1 kilo byte = 1024 bytes
• A combination of 16 bits are called word.
• A terabyte = 1 trillion bytes
• Our PC belongs to 4th generation
• Fred Cohen coined the word computer virus
• First computer virus was created in 1970 at Bell laboratories
• WORM means Write Once Read Many
• Power of a super computer is measured in FLOPS (Floating Point Operations per Second)
• WWW/http: (hypertext transfer protocol) was created by Tim Burner Lee in 1992
• Intel means Integrated Electronics
• 1 worksheet contains 256 columns
• G.W.Basic G.W stands for Gate Way
• Super Computer was created by J.H.Van Tassel
• CORBA is Common Object Request Broker Architecture
• URL is Uniform or Universal Resource Locator
• Intel invented RAM chip
• Information stored on disk as series of bumps on its shiny side.
• DVDs hold more information than CDs. They use smaller bumps and have two reflective layers
• Recordable CDs do not have bumps. There are patches of color on disk to change the reflected laser light
• In 1951 Univac – 1, the world’s first commercial computer was designed by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert. They built ENIAC, the first electronic computer in 1946
• In 1968 mainframe was built.
• In 1976 first supercomputer the Cray-1 was developed
• In 1981 IBM produce the IBM PC.
• In 1998 IBM made quantum computer
• Super computers uses parallel processing
• In 1974, computer games were introduced.
• PROM is the abbreviation of programmable read only memory
•
• What was the world’s first high level programming language 1957: IBM FORTRAN
• A JPEG is a picture file format - what does JPEG stand for: Joint Photographic Experts Group
• During World War II, IBM built the computers the Nazis used to manage their death/concentration camps
• Registers are temporary storage areas within the CPU.
• First apple computer was built in garage.
• The language of small talk is object oriented.
• Shell is an operating environment.
• Virtual memory is also known as virtual page.
• NOS refer to operating systems for a network.
• In EBCDIC each character is denoted by 8 bits.
• Diodes are used in analog computer circuits as limiter.
• Wetware stands for any organic intelligence.
• GIGO stands for garbage in garbage out.
• Application of flip-flap are counters, shift register and transfer register.
• Bootstrap is associated with computer.
• FORTRAN stands for formula translator.
• A group of character that is termed as a single entity is called word.
• Clip art is a computer prepared art.
• Mark sensing is another term for OMR.
• Authorization to make multiple software copies is called site licensing.
• Antivirus is also known as vaccines.
• Free software is also known as public domain software.
• In computer DFD stands for Data Flow Diagram.
• Cyber Space is called to Virtual world of the computer.
• What does the sun in SUN Microsystems stand for Stanford University Network
• What does Intel stand for- Integrated Electronics
• All PCs have a BIOS what does bios stand for-Basic Input Output System
• What is the common name for an integrated circuit A Chip
• In WWW terms what does i.e. mean on a domain name-Ireland
• What company introduced the first commercial minicomputer 65 DEC
• Name the first web browser publicly available NCSA Mosaic
• The world’s most powerful super computer is called ASCI white.
• World Wide Web was invented in 1993 by Tim Bareness Lee.
• The B-programming language was developed by Ken Thompson.
• The 1st commercially produced and sold computer (1951) was UNIVAC.
• The transformation from heavy computers to PCs was made possible using microprocessors.
• The first microprocessor was developed in 1971 by Intel.
• A pentium 4 (P-4) employs roughly 40 million transistors.
• Mark-1, Apple-1, and collossus were initial desktop computers.
• Binary digits are briefed as bit.
• A collection of bits is called byte.
• The first home computer (1977), which was sold in millions of units was Apple II.
• ‘PARAM’ is a supercomputer.
• Father of the Computer.. Charles Babbage
• What does CMOS stand for in a computer- Complimentary metal Oxide semi-conductor
WORLD PARLIAMENTS
• Parliament of Afghanistan is Loya Jirga.
• Parliament of Australia is Federal Parliament.
• Parliament of Bangladesh is Jatiya Saugsad.
• Parliament of Canada is Parliament.
• Parliament of China is National people’s congress.
• Parliament of Denmark is Folketing.
• Parliament of Egypt is People’s Assembly.
• Parliament of France is Parliament.
• Parliament of Germany is Baundesrat.
• Parliament of Greece is Parliment.
• Parliament of India is Parliment.
• Parliament of Iran is Majlis-e-Shoura-e-Islam.
• Parliament of Iraq is National Assembly.
• Parliament of Japan is Diet.
• Parliament of Morocco is Majlis al Nuwab.
• Parliament of Oman is Consultative Assembly.
• Parliament of Qatar is Advisory Council.
• Parliament of Russia is Duma.
• Parliament of Norway is the Storting.
• Parliament of Sweden is Riksdag.
• Oldest parliament in the world--- Althing (Iceland)
•
SPORTS
• What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer)
• First British open squash championship played in 1922.
• First world squash championship 1976.
• Jhangir khan has won world open 6 times.
• Wimbledon open tennis was instituted in 1877.
• A winner of four competitions (Wimbledon, French open, us open, and Australia open) is called Grand Slam.
• Most Wimbledon single (Men) title are won by Pete Sampras (USA).
• Most Wimbledon single (woman) title won by Martina Navratilova (USA).
• Common Wealth game are held every 4 years, they were started in 1931.
• First Asia games were played at New Delhi in 1951.
• 15th Asian Games will be held in Qatar in 2006.
• Current World cup holder of hockey is Netherlands.
• FIFA established in Paris on May 21, 1904.
• Grand slam is the title associated with Pete Sampras.
• Michael Chang (USA) is the youngest to win the title of grand slam.
• Shahid Afridi has made century on 37 balls.
• The title “Oval Hero” is with Fazal Muhammad.
• The sports man Kasparvo is associated with Chess.
• Modern summer Olympic were held in Greece in 1896.
• Olympic held every 4 years.
• Hockey became Olympic event in 1908. Pakistan took part in 1948 in London.
• 1st world cup hockey 1971 at Barcelona (Spain).
• Hockey world cup held every 4 year.
• First world cup cricket 1975, won by West Indies.
• India won world cup cricket in 1983 by beating West Indies.
• 10 countries have test status.
• First test mach was played in 1877 between Australia and England.
• First One day match between Australia and England in Jan 5, 1971.
• First word cup football 1930, Uruguay, and won by Uruguay.
• 1942 world cup football cup did not hold due to Second World War.
• Nigeria is current Olympic footfall champion.
• Geoff hunt is associated with Squash.
• South Africa was expelled from ICC in 1970 because of its apartheid policies.
• Current heavy weight championship is with L. Lewis.
• In cricket batsman can be out by 10 ways.
• Peter Marshal is associated with Squash.
• Pakistan had won 4 title of world cup hockey so far.
• First three work cup crickets were played with 60 over.
• Rocky Morciono only heavy weight boxer remained unbeaten throughout his career.
• Lowest test match inning is 26 by New Zealand.
• Highest no of one-days are played at Sharjah Cricket Ground.
• The champion trophy hockey tournament was introduced by Pakistan in year 1978.
• Davis cup is for tennis.
• Thomas cup badminton is for men only.
• Uber cup is for badminton.
• Each team in volleyball consists of 6 players.
• Antoly Karpov, the world chess player belongs to Russia.
• Modern Olympic Games were first held in Athens.
• ICC has 10 members and it was founded in 1965.
• Lowest total in cricket is 36 by Canada.
• Tennis player steffi graf belongs to Germany.
• Natwest trophy is for cricket.
• The Swythiling cup is related to Table Tennis.
• Morocco cup is for cricket.
• First modern Olympic games were held in 1896 in Athens.
• First women competed in Olympic games in 1912.
• France and which country contested first ever world cup match Mexico
• The number of countries which participated in the first Olympic Games held at Athens was Nine
• Who owns The Oval cricket ground- Prince Charles
• Who among the following batsmen achieved the feat of hitting six 6s in one over for the first time in international cricket during the World Cup 2007 Herschelle Gibbs
• Where were the first winter Olympics held in 1924 -Charmonix France
• FINA is the governing body of what amateur sport-Swimming
• FITA are the governing body of what sport-Archery
• A Lady Paramount judges at what sport- Archery
• First cricket cup was played in England in 1974.
• First Asian Games were held in New Delhi in 1951. From 1954 they were held every four years.
• Baron Pierre de Coubertin was founder of the modern Olympic Games.
• Bunting is a term in the game of Baseball.
• Grand Master is a term in Chess.
• Grand Slam is a term in sports associated with Bridge as well as Lawn Tennis.
• Martina Hinges is the youngest woman tennis player to win three major singles titles in one season.
• Iron- a sports term is associated with Golf.
• McDowell Cup is associated with football.
• Olympic Games were held twice in Paris and London.
• Paralympics are the games for disabled.
• Uber cup is associated with Badminton.
• Yankee Stadium is associated with Boxing.
• World’s oldest sports daily is Gazetta dello Sport of Italy.
• Val Barker Cup is awarded in the Olympic Games in Boxing.
• The Paralympics Games 2008 were held in Beijing.
• Asafa Powell is 100 m sprinter.
• The term “Stalemate” is related to the game of Chess.
• With which sport is the term ‘butterfly’ associated? Swimming
• Next Football world Cup in 2010 is in.....South Africa
• How many rings on the Olympic flag: Five
• Who ran the first marathon: Phidipedes
• What colour is the cap given to an England cricket player-Blue
• What held up a Cricket test Match between England Pakistan-Mouse on pitch
• What is the first race in the Grand Prix season-Brazilian
• By Olympic rules what must have 14 feathers Badminton Bird
• How is the Olympic torch lit- By the sun in Greece
• Martina Navratilova belongs to Czech Republic.
• Tour De France is French cycle race.
• National game of Switzerland is skiing.
• What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer)
• In Tennis where is the Australian Open played-Flinders Park
• What Olympic event was dropped in 1920-Tug of War -1900 to 1920
• FIDE govern what game -Chess.
• Footballer Zaidane originally belongs to which country? Algeria
•

ABBREVIATIONS
• VDU = video display unit
• CRT = cathode ray tube
• CRO Cathode Ray Oscillator
• SARS Severe Accute respitoratry syndrome
• BOT Built operate transfer
• AMU Atomic mass unit
• EMF Electromotive Force or Electromagnetic Field (Most apt is Electromotive Force)
• ADH Anti diuretic harmome
• STP Standard Temperature and Pressure
• NPT Network time protocol
• CRT Cathode ray tube
• SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
• BOT Built Operate transfer
• AMU Atomic Mass Unit
• EMF Electromotive force
• ADH Anti Diuretic Hormone
• STP Standard Temperature Pressure
• GeV Giga Electron Volt
• NTP Normal Temperature Pressure
• CRT Cathode Ray Tube
• The ore of mercury metal.--cyanabar
• SARS : severe acute respiratory syndrome
• NTP : network time protocol
• RQ : respiratory quotient
• PVC : polyvinyl chloride
• NPN : negative positive negative
• WAN : wide area network
• ECG: electro cardio gram
• CPU: central processing unit
• BCG : bacillus of calmette –Guerin
• STP standard temperature and pressure/ Shielded Twisted Pair
• ATP Adenosine Tri-Phosphate
• PNP proton – neutron – proton
• [Positive-Negative-Positive (transistor) ]
• LAN local area network
• KWh kilo watt hour
• BTU British Thermal Unit
• LDL Low-density lipoprotein
• [commonly referred to as bad cholesterol]
• ROM Read only memory
• MAF million acre feet
• SONAR Sound Navigation and Ranging
• LCD=LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY
• HDL= HARDWARE DESCRIPTION LANGUAGE/High-Density Lipoprotein
• UHF= ULTRA- HIGH FREQUENCY
• LED= LIGHT EMITTING DIODE
• BASIC= BEGGINER'S ALL PURPOSE SYMBOLIC INSTRUCTION CODE
• HST = HIGH SPEED TECHONOLGY
• DBS=DATA BASE SERVER
• V.L.C.C stands for Very large crude carrier.
• VTOL = vertical take off and landing
• SETI = Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence = a project to find Aliens
• Fax is the short form of Facsimile which means identical copy
• SETI => Search for Extraterrestrial intelligence.
• On the PH scale what does PH stand for-Potential Hydrogen
• ABM: Anti Ballistic Missiles
ABVP: Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad
AC: Alternating Current; Ashoka Chakra
ACU: Asian Currency Union
AD: anno Domini; in the year of Lord Christ
ADB: Asian Development Bank
ADC: Aide-de-Camp; Access Deficit Charge
ADF: Asian Development Fund
ADS: Air Defence Ship
AJT: Advanced Jet Trainer
AG: Accountant General; Adjutant General
AI: Air India
AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences
AIR: All India Radio; Annual Information Report
AITUC: All India Trade Union Congress
AJT: Advanced Jet Trainer
ALH: Advanced Light Helicopter
AM: ante meridiem; before noon
AMC: Army Medical Corps; Asset Management Companies
AME: Associate Member of the Institute of Engineers
APC: Agricultural Prices Commission
APEC: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
APPLE: Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment
APPU: Asian Pacific Postal Union
ARC: Asset Reconstruction Company
ARDR: Agricultural and Rural Debt Relief
ASAT: Anti-Satellite weapon
ASC: Army Service Corps
ASCI: Advanced Strategic Computing Initiative
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information
ASEAN: Association of South-East Asian Nations
ASEM: Asia-Europe Meeting
ASIMO: Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility
ASLV: Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
ASMA: Antarctica Specially Managed Area
ASSOCHAM: Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry
ATA: Air Time Authority; Allen Telescope Array
ATC: Air Traffic Controller
ATM: Automatic Teller Machine
ATR: Action Taken Report
ATV: Automatic Transfer Vehicle
AUM: Assets Under Management
AVC: Army Veterinary Corps
AVM: Additional Volatility Margin
AWACS: Airborne Warning and Control System

B
BARC: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
BBC: British Broadcasting Corporation
BC: Before Christ; Board of Control; British Columbia; Battery Commander
BCG: Bacillus Calmette Guerin—Anti-Tuberculosis Vaccine
BICP: Bureau of Industrial Costs and Prices
BIFR: Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction
BIOS: Basic Input Output System
BKU: Bharatiya Kisan Union
BMD: Ballistic Missile Defence System
BOLT: BSE On-Line Trading (System)
BOSS: Bharat Operating System Solutions
BPO: Business Process Outsourcing
BPR: Bottom Pressure Records
BRO: Border Road Organisation
BSE: Bombay Stock Exchange
BSF: Border Security Force
BSNL: Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd

C
CA: Chartered Accountant
CABE: Central Advisory Board of Education
C & AG: Comptroller & Auditor General
CAIR: Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics
CAPART: Council for People’s Action and Advancement of Rural Technology
CAPES: Computer-Aided Paperless Examination System
CAS: Chief of Army Staff; Chief of Air Staff; Conditional Access System
CB: Citizen Band (Radio)
CBI: Central Bureau of Investigation
CBFC: Central Board of Film Certification
CCPA: Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs
CD: Conference on Disarmament
C-DAC: The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
CECA: Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
CERN: European Organisation for Nuclear Research (Pronounced CERN in French)
CFC: Chlorofluro Carbon
CFS: Container Freight Station
CHOGM: Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
CIA: Central Intelligence Agency (of U.S.A.)
CIBIL: Credit Information Bureau (India) Ltd
CIC: Chief Information Commissioner
CID: Criminal Investigation Department
C-in-C: Commander-in-Chief
cif: cost, insurance and freight
CIS: Commonwealth of Independent States
CISF: Central Industrial Security Force
CITES: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
CITU: Centre of Indian Trade Unions
CLASS: Computer Literacy and Studies in Schools
CLAWS: Centre for Land Warfare Studies
CM: Command Module; Chief Minister
CMP: Common Minimum Programme
CNG: Compressed Natural Gas
CNN: Cable News Network
CNS: Chief of the Naval Staff
CO: Commanding Officer
COD: Central Ordnance Depot; Cash on Delivery
CPCB: Central Pollution Control Board
CPI: Communist Party of India
CPI(M): Communist Party of India (Marxists)
CPU: Central Processing Unit
CR: Central Railway
CRAC: Cyber Regulation Advisory Council
CRDi: Common Rail Direct injection
CRISIL: Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited
CRM: Customer Relationship Management
CRR: Cash Reserve Ratio
CRPF: Central Reserve Police Force
CSIR: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
CTBT: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
CTT: Commodities Transaction Tax
CVRDE: Combat Vehicles Research and Development Establishment

D
DA: Dearness Allowance; Daily Allowance
DAVP: Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity
DC: Deputy Commissioner; Direct Current in Electricity
DDT: Dichloro-Diphenyl Trichloro-ethane (disinfectant)
DIN: Director Information Number
DM: District Magistrate; Deputy Minister
DMIC: Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
DMK: Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (a regional political party of Tamil Nadu)
DNA: de-oxyribonucleic acid
DO: Demi-official (letter)
DOD: Department of Ocean Development
DPEP: District Primary Education Programme
DPI: Director of Public Instruction
DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory
DRDO: Defence Research and Development Organisation
DST: Daylight Saving Time
DRES: Department of Renewable Energy Sources
DTH: Direct to Home (broadcasting)

E
ECG: Electro Cardio-gram
ECS: Electronic Clearing Service
ECT: Electro-convulsant Therapy (electric shock treatment)
EDUSAT: Education Satellite
EEG: Electro-encephalography
EET: Exempt Exempt Taxation
EFA: Education for All
EFF: Extended Fund Facility
e.g.: exempli gratia; for example
EHTP: Electronic Hardware Technology Parks
ELISA: Enzyme Linked Immuno Solvent Assay (used for testing AIDS)
EMI: Equated Monthly Instalment
EMS: European Monetary System
EMU: Electric-Multiple Unit; Extra-vehicular Mobility Unit; (European) Economic and Monetary Union
E & OE: Errors and Omissions Excepted
EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
ER: Eastern Railway
ERM: Exchange Rate Mechanism
ERNET: Educational and Research Network
ESA: European Space Agency
ESCAP: Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
ESMA: Essential Services Maintenance Act
ESOP: Employee Stock Option Programme
etc.: et cetera (and other things)
EU: European Union
EVM: Electronic Voting Machine

F
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organisation
FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation (of the U.S.A.)
FCNR: Foreign Currency (non-resident) Accounts Scheme
FDR: Flight Data Recorder; Fixed Deposit Receipt
FEMA: Foreign Exchange Management Act
FERA: Foreign Exchange Regulations Act
FICCI: Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry
FII: Foreign Institutional Investors
FIPB: Foreign Investment Promotion Board (of India)
FLAG: Fibre Optic Link Around the Globe
FM: Field Marshal; Frequency Modulated
FPSB: Financial Planning Standards Boards (India)
FRBM: Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management
FSSA: Food Safety and Standards Authority (of India)
FTA: Free Trade Area
FTP: File Transfer Protocol

G
GAGAN: GPS-aided Geo-augmented Navigation
GAIL: Gas Authority of India Limited
GAIN: Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition
GATS: General Agreement on Trade in Services
GATT: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GCA: General Currency Area
GCC: Gulf Cooperation Council
GCM: Greatest Common Measure
GEF: Global Environment Fund
GHQ: General Headquarters
GIC: General Insurance Corporation
GIST: Graphics and Intelligence-based Script Technology
GMPS: Global Mobile Personal Communications System
GMRT: Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope
GMT: Greenwich Mean Time
GNSS: Global Navigation Satellite System
GNP: Gross National Product
GOC: General Officer Commanding
GPO: General Post Office
GPRS: General Packet Radio System
GPS: Global Positioning System
GSLV: Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle
GSP: Generalised Special Preferences
GST: Goods and Service Tax
GSTP: Global System of Trade Preferences

H
HAWS: High Altitude Warfare School
HCF: Highest Common Factor
HDI: Human Development Index
HDTV: High Definition Television
HE: His (or Her) Excellency; His (or Her) Eminence; High Explosive; Horizontal Equivalent
HITS: Headend In The Sky
HMMWV: High Mobility Multipurpose-Wheeled Vehicle
HMS: Hybrid Mail Service
HP: Himachal Pradesh; Horizontal Plane; Horse Power
HTML: Hyper Text Markup Language
HTTP: Hypetext Transfer Protocol
HUDCO: Housing and Urban Development Corporation
HVDC: High Voltage Direct Current

I
IAAI: International Airport Authority of India
IAAS: Indian Audit and Accounts Service
IADF: International Agricultural Development Fund
IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency
IAF: Indian Air Force
IAMC: Indian Army Medical Corps
IAS: Indian Administrative Service
IATA: International Air Transport Association
IATT: Inland Air Travel Tax
IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
IBEX: Interstellar Boundary Explorer Mission
ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organisation
ICAR: Indian Council of Agricultural Research
ICCR: Indian Council of Cultural Relations
ICCW: Indian Council for Child Welfare
ICDS: Integrated Child Development Service
ICJ: International Court of Justice (with Headquarters at the Hague)
ICL: Indian Cricket League
ICMR: Indian Council of Medical Research
ICPA: Indian Cricket Players’ Association
ICRC: International Committee of the Red Cross
IDA: International Development Association
IDBI: Industrial Development Bank of India
IDSA: Institute of Defence Studies and Analysis
i.e.: id est; that is
IEA: International Energy Agency
IES: Indian Economic Service
IEX: Indian Energy Exchange
IFRS: International Financial Reporting Standard
IFS: Indian Foreign Service; Indian Forest Service
IFTU: International Federation of Trade Unions
IFWJ: Indian Federation of Working Journalists
IGNOU: Indira Gandhi National Open University
IIPA: Indian Institute of Public Administration
IISS: International Institute of Strategic Studies
IIT: Indian Institutes of Technology
ILO: International Labour Organisation
IMA: Indian Military Academy
IMET: International Military Education Training Programme
IMF: International Monetary Fund
IMO: International Maritime Organisation
IN: Indian Navy; Intelligent Network
INA: Indian National Army
INK: International Newspaper Kiosks
INMARSAT: International Maritime Satellite Organisation
INMAS: Institute of Nuclear Medicines and Allied Sciences
INS: Indian Naval Ship; Indian Newspaper Society
INSAS: Indian Small Arms System
INSAT: Indian National Satellite
INTERPOL: International Police Organisation
INTUC: Indian National Trade Union Congress
IOC: International Olympic Committee
IP: Indian Police
IPC: Indian Penal Code
IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPEC: International Programme on Elimination of Child Labour
IPR: Intellectual Property Right
IPS: Indian Police Service; Indian Postal Service
IPTV: Internet Protocol Television
IPU: Inter-Parliamentary Union
IQ: Intelligence Quotient
IR: Infra-red
IRA: Insurance Regulatory Authority
IRBM: Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile
IREP: Integrated Rural Energy Planning
IRS: Indian Remote Sensing Satellite; Indian Revenue Service
ISAF: International Stabilization and Assistance Force (in Afghanistan)
ISC: Inter-State Council
ISCS: Integrated Smart Card System
ISD: International Subscriber Dialled (telephone)
ISH: Information Super Highway
ISKCON: International Society for Krishna Consciousness
ISO: International Standardisation Organisation
ISP: Internet Service Provider
ISRO: Indian Space Research Organisation
ISS: International Space Station
IST: Indian Standard Time
ISTRAC: ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network
ITDC: Indian Tourism Development Corporation
ITO: International Trade Organisation; Income-tax Officer
ITU: International Tele-communication Union
IUC: Interconnect User Charge

J, K, L
JCO: Junior Commissioned Officer
JNNURM: Jawahar Lal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
JPC: Joint Parliamentary Committee
JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group
JWG: Joint Working Group
KG: Kindergarten
Kg: Kilogramme
KPO: Knowledge Process Outsourcing
LAC: Line of Actual Control
LCA: Light Combat Aircraft
LDC: Least Developed Countries
LHC: Large Hadron Collider
LIC: Life Insurance Corporation (of India)
LLP: Limited Liability Partnership
LOAC: Line of Actual Control
LTA: Light Transport Aircraft
LTTE: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

M
MAT: Minimum Alternative Tax
MER: Mars Exploration Rover
MBBS: Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MCF: Master Control Facility
MEP: Minimum Export Price
MES: Military Engineering Service
METSAT: Meteorological Satellite
MFA: Multi-Fibre Agreement
MFN: Most Favoured Nation
MIP: Moon Impact Probe
MMS: Multimedia Messaging Service
MMTC: Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation of India
MNC: Multi-national Corporation
MNIC: Multi-purpose National Identity Card
MODEM: Modulator-Demodulator
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MRTPC: Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission
MRTS: Mass Rapid Transit System
MSA: Maritime Safety Agency
MSCF: Maritime Security Cooperation Framework
Mss: Manuscript
MTCR: Missile Technology Control Regime
MTO: Multilateral Trade Organisation
MVC: Maha Vir Chakra
MUNO: Maha Vir Chakra

N
NAA: National Airport Authority
NABARD: National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development. (It helps rural development by providing re-finance facility).
NACIL: National Aviation Company of India Ltd
NADA: National Anti-Doping Agency
NAEP: National Adult Education Programme
NAFTA: North America Free Trade Agreement
NAG: National Air Guard
NAM: Non-aligned Movement
NAMA: Non-Agriculture Market Access
NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (of the U.S.A.)
NASDAQ: National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation
NATA: Natural Aptitude Test for Architecture
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
NAV: Net Asset Value
NB: Nota bene; note well, or take notice
NCA: Nuclear Command Authority
NCC: National Cadet Corps
NCEP: National Committee on Environmental Planning
NCERT: National Council of Education Research and Training
NCR: National Capital Region
NDA: National Defence Academy; National Democratic Alliance
NDNC: National Do Not Call (Registry)
NDPS: Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic Substances
NDRF: National Disaster Response Force
NDTL: National Dope Testing Laboratory
NeGP: National e-governance Plan
NEDB: North-Eastern Development Bank
NEP: National Education Policy
NEPA: National Environment Protection Authority
NFO: New Fund Offers
NHDP: National Highways Development Project
NHRC: National Human Rights Commission
NIC: National Integration Council
NIFT: National Institute of Fashion Technology
NIO: National Institute of Oceanography
NIS: National Institute of Sports
NIT: National Institute of Technology
NLMA: National Literacy Mission Authority
NMD: Nuclear Missile Defence
NMDC: National Mineral Development Corporation
NPL: National Physical Laboratory
NPR: National Population Register
NPT: (Nuclear) Non-Proliferation Treaty
NRBI: National Rural Bank of India
NREGA: National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
NREP: National Rural Employment Programme
NRF: National Renewal Fund
NRI: Non-Resident Indian
NRR: National Reproduction Rate
NRSA: National Remote Sensing Agency
NSA: National Security Act
NSC: National Service Corps; National Security Council
NSDL: National Securities Depository Limited
NSE: National Stock Exchange
NSR: National Skills Registry
NTPC: National Thermal Power Corporation
NWDA: National Water Development Agency
NWRC: National Water Resources Council

O
OAS: Organisation of American States
OAU: Organisation of African Unity
OBC: Other Backward Communities
OBU: Offshore Banking Unit
ODA: Official Development Assistance
ODF: Open Document Format
ODS: Ozone Depletion Substances
OECD: Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development
OGL: Open General Licence
OIC: Organisation of Islamic Countries
OIGS: On India Government Service
OIL: Oil India Limited
OM: Order of Merit
ONGC: Oil and Natural Gas Commission
OPEC: Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OSCE: Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
OSD: Officer on Special Duty
OXML: Open Extended Marking Language

P
PAC: Political Affairs Committee; Public Accounts Committee
PACER: Programme for Acceleration of Commercial Energy Research
PAN: Permanent Account Number (of Income-Tax)
PATA: Pacific-Asia Travel Association
PCS: Public Civil Service; Punjab Civil Service
PIB: Press Information Bureau
Pin Code: Postal Index Number Code
PIO: Persons of Indian Origin
PLF: Plant Load Factor
PM: Post Meridiem; after-noon; also Postmaster; Prime Minister; post-mortem (after death)
PMG: Postmaster General
PN: Participatory Note
PO: Post Office; Postal Order
POPs: Persistent Organic Pollutants; Point of Purchase
POTA: Prevention of Terrorism Act
POW: Prisoner of War
PP: Public Prosecutor; Particular Person
PRO: Public Relations Officer
PS: Post Scriptum; Post Script; written after
PSC: Public Service Commission
PSE: Public Sector Enterprises
PSLV: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
PTA: Preferential Trade Area
PTI: Press Trust of India
PTO: Please Turn Over; Privilege Ticket Order
PUFA: Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids
PVC: Param Vir Chakra
PVSM: Param Vishisht Sewa Medal
PWD: Public Works Department

Q, R
QMG: Quarter Master General
QR: Quantitative Restriction
RAF: Rapid Action Force
RAM: Random Access Memory
RBI: Reserve Bank of India
RCC: Reinforced Concrete Cement
RDF: Rapid Development Force
RDS: Radio Data Servicing
RDSS: Radio Determination Satellite Service
REACH: Rehabilitate, Educate and Support Street Children
RLO: Returned Letter Office
RLV: Reusable Launch Vehicle
RPM: Revolution Per Minute
RPO: Recruitment Process Outsourcing; Regional Passport Officer
RRB: Regional Rural Bank
RRPI: Rural Retail Price Index
RSS: Rashtriya Swyamsevak Sangh
RSVP: Repondez s’il vous plait (Fr.) reply, if you please
RTGS: Real Time Gross Settlement System

S
SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation
SAFTA: South Asian Free Trade Area
SAIL: Steel Authority of India Limited
SAPTA: SAARC Preferential Trading Agreement
SARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SATNAV: Satellite Navigation (Initiative)
SAVE: SAARC Audio Visual Exchange
SC: Security Council; Supreme Court; Scheduled Caste
SCI: Shipping Corporation of India
SCO: Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
SCOPE: Standing Conference on Public Enterprises
SDO: Sub-Divisional Officer
SDR: Special Drawing Rights (created by the World Bank)
SEBI: Securities and Exchange Board of India
SFC: Strategic Forces Command
SGPC: Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee
SIDBI: Small Industries Development Bank of India
SIT: Special Investigation Team
SITE: Satellite Instructional Television Experiment
SLR: Statutory Liquidity Ratio
SMS: Short Messaging Service; Subscriber Management System
SOS: Save Our Souls—distress signal
SPG: Special Protection Group
SPIN: Software Process Improvement Networks
SPV: Solar Photo Voltaic
SQUID: Super-conducting Quantum Interference Device
SRE: Space Capsule Recovery Experiment
SRV: Submarine Rescue Vessel
SSN: Social Security Number
STARS: Satellite Tracking and Ranging Station
START: Strategic Arms Reduction Talks
STEP: Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park
STT: Securities Transaction Tax
SWAN: State-wide Area Network
SWIFT: Society for Worldwide Financial Telecommunications

T
TA: Travelling Allowance; Territorial Army
TAAI: Travel Agents Association of India
TACDE: Tactics and Air Combat Development Establishment
TADA: Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act
TAPS: Tarapur Atomic Power Station
TB: Tuberculosis
TDC: Transport Development Council
TDS: Tax Deduction at Source
TDSAT: Telecom Dispute Settlement Appellate Tribunal
TERLS: Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station
TIFR: Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
TIN: Tax Information Network
TINXSYS: Tax Information Exchange System
TISCO: Tata Iron and Steel Company
TMC: Terrain Mapping Camera
TMO: Telegraphic Money Order
TNT: Tri-nitro-toluene (high explosive)
TPP: 20-Point Programme
TRAI: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India
TRIMs: Trade Related Investment Measures
TRIPS: Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights
TRP: Television Rating Points; Tax Return Preparer
TRYSEM: Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment
TTE: Travelling Ticket Examiner
TTF: Tourism Task Force

U
UAE: United Arab Emirates
UAV: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UF: United Front
UFO: Unidentified Flying Object
UGC: University Grants Commission
ULFA: United Liberation Front of Assam
UN: United Nations
UNCTAD: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDP: United Nations Development Programme
UNEF: United Nations Emergency Force
UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation
UNFPO: United Nations Fund for Population Activities
UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNHRC: United Nations Human Rights Commission
UNI: United News of India
UNICEF: United Nations International Children’s (Emergency) Fund
UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organisation
UNRRA: United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
UNTAC: United Nations Transitional Authority for Cambodia
UPA: United Progressive Alliance
UPSC: Union Public Service Commission
UPTN: Universal Personal Telephone Number
USA: United States of America
USIS: United States Information Service

V
VAT: Value-added Tax
VC: Vice-Chancellor; Vice Counsel; Victoria Cross; Vir Chakra
VDIS: Voluntary Disclosure of Income Scheme
VHRR: Very High Resolution Radiometer
VIP: Very Important Person
VLSI: Very Large Scale Integration
VOIP: Voice Over Internet Protocol
VPN: Virtual Private Network
VPP: Value Payable Post
VRS: Voluntary Retirement Scheme
VSAT: Very Small Aperture Terminals

W
WADA: World Anti-Doping Agency
WAP: Wireless Application Protocol
WAVE: Wireless Access for Virtual Enterprise
WDF: Wasteland Development Force
WEF: World Economic Forum
WFP: World Food Programme
WFTU: World Federation of Trade Unions
WGIG: Working Group on Internet Governance
WIPO: World Intellectual Property Organisation
WLL: Wireless in Local Loop
WMD: Weapons of Mass Destruction
WR: Western Railway
WTO: World Trade Organisation (previously called GATT); also World Tourism Organisation

X, Y, Z
XML: eXtensible Markup Language
YMCA: Young Men’s Christian Association
YWCA: Young Women’s Christian Association
• INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE (IPCC) Established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (Unep)
•
INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES
• Aero float is the airline of Russia.
• Al-Italia is the Italian international airlines.
• Royal Nepal’s Airline is the name of Nepal’s airline.
• Transworld Airway (TWA) belongs to USA.
• Scandinavian airlines operate in the countries Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
• KLM is the oldest national airline.
• JAL is an airline of Japan.
• BOAC airline is of Great Britain.
• Garada is the airline of Indonesia.
• Qantas is an airline of Australia.
• The famous airport Dum Dum is located in Mombai (India).
• Chaklala airport is situated in Rawalpindi.
• Orly airport is located in Paris.
• Santa Cruz airport is in Mumbai.
• KLM is an airline of Nether land.
• LOT is the national airline of what country-Poland
• TABSO is the national airline of which country-Bulgaria
• Lufthansa is an airlines from Germany
• Cathy Pacific is an airline of Hong Kong.
• What is Belgium's national Airline- Sabina
• Vnukovo airport is in Moscow.
• Biman is the airline of Bangladesh.
• Qantas is an airline of Australia.
• Garunda is an Airline of Indonesia.
• Asiana is the airline of ... South Korea
•
IMPORTANT NEWSAGENCIES
• Anatolia is the news agency of Turkey.
• News agency AIP belongs to Afghanistan.
• Interfax is the news agency of Russia.
• Al-Hilal was stated in 1912 and closed in 1914, it was founded by Abudul Kalam Azad.

CURRENT G.K
1. Tapaimukh Dam issue is between India & Bangladesh.
2. Foreign Minister of Bangladesh is Dipu Moni.
3. PM of Bangladesh Shaikh Haseena of Awami League elected in December, 29,2008.
4. Mongolia has world's 6% of Uranium reserves.
5. The Bofors case led to Congress defeat in 1989 Lok Sabha polls. Ottavio Quattrocchi, an Italian businessman, took bribes to sale Bofors howitzers to India in 1986.
6. Mao movement is connected with Naxalites.
7. Black Widow is a rebellious gang in Assam.
8. US intends to deploy US interceptor Missiles in Poland and radar in Czech Republic to protect Europe from Iranian missiles.
9. Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel belongs to conservative party.
10. OECD has 30 members and does ot include China.
11. US special representative for Pakistan and Afghanistan is Richard Halbroke.
12. Senator John Kerry and Richard Lugar put forward Kerry-Lugar Bill.
13. G-20 Summit was held at Pittsburg, USA in Sep: 2009.
14. David Lawrance Convention Centre arranges G-20 Summit.
15. ISRO is Indian Space Research Organisation.
16. President of Mongolia is Tsakhiagin Elbegdorj.
17. Director General of Int. Atomic Energy Agency is Mohammad Alberadi.
18. US Open 2009 won by Kim Clisjsters of Belgium and Juan Martin del Porto won men's singles titles.
19. UEFA president is Michel Platni.
20. Dal Lake is in occupied Kashmir.
21. Shoe thrower on Bush Muntazer al Zaidi worked for Al-Baghdadi newspaper, Egypt.
22. President of France is Nicolas Sarkozy.
23. Mother Tressa belonged to Albania and came to India in 1951. She died on Sep:5, 19997 and is burried at Kolkata.
24. Sachin Tendulkar completed 16000 runs in ODIs.
25. President of Russia is Dimitri Medwedev. PM is Viladamir Putin.
26. World Bank president is Robert Zoellic.
27. US Secretary of State is Hillary Rodham Clinton.
28. Head of WTO is Pascal Lamy.
29. Garden of Five Senses is in Delhi.
30. Obama is US's 44th President.
31. Danny Boyle is the director of Slum Dog Millionaire.
32. President of Chechnia is Ramzan A. Kadyrov.
33. Shasha Obama (younger) and Malia Obama (elder) are two daughters of Barak Obama.
34. Ahmadinejad defeated Mir Hussain Moussavi in his re-election.
35. Honduran President Manuel Zelaya was ousted in a military coup. He was deported to Costa Rica.
36. Brazil beats US in Confederation Cup.
37. Iceland swears its first female PM Johanna Sigurdard Ottir.
38. Baitullah Mehsud killed on Aug: 5, 2009.
39. Serena Williams and Roger Federer are Wimbeldon winners this year.
40. ICJ issued arrest warrants for Sudanese President Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir.
41. President of North Korea is Kim Jong-il.
42. Jacob Zuma won elections in South Africa.
43. Abdullah Abdullah contested elections against Hamid Karzai.
44. Chinese President is Hu Jintao.
45. Mother-in-Law of Obama is Marian Robinson.
46. President of Bangladesh is Zillur Rahman.
47. Governor State Bank of Pakistan is Syed Salim Raza.
48. Pakistan Ambassador to UN is Abdullah Hussain Haroon.
49. President of Sri Lanka is Mahinda Percy Rajapaksa and PM is Ratnasiri Wickremanyake.
50. President of India is Prathiba Patel, Interior Minister is Palaniappan Chidambaram.
51. Michael Jackson died on 25th June, 2009 at the age of 50.
52. LTTE chief Prabhakaran killed on 18th May, 2009.
53. Titanic Museum opened in UK on 31st March, 2009.
54. The Internaitiona Airport of Washington DC is known as Dulles International Airport.
55. Michael Sleiman has taken over as the President of Lebanon.
56. 5th World Water Forum concluded in Istanbul on 22nd March, 2009.
57. China celebrated its 60th Aniversary on 1st Oct: 2009.
58. India will hold the Common Wealth Games in 2010.
59. Jill Baden is the wife of Joe Biden, VP USA.
60. Michelle Obaman is the wife of Barack Obama.
61. CIA director is Leon Panetta.
62. Secretary General of OIC is Ikmalluddin Ihsan Iglo (Turkey).
63. US Ambassador to Iraq is Christopher Hill.
64. Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self Governance Order 2009 came on Sep:7, 2009. Qamar-uz-Zaman Qaira made governer on 15th Sep: 2009.
65. The book "Jinnah- India, Partition, Independence" is written by Jaswant Singh.
66. The World Athletics Championship was held in Berlin in 2009.
67. Justice Hamid Ali Mirza is the new Chief Election Commission of Pakistan.
68. Arab League Sectary General is Amr Moosa.
69. Commander of ISAF forces in Afghanistan is General Stan Mc Crystal.
70. Operation Rah-e-Nijad conducted in South Waziristan on June 19, 2009.
71. Operation Rah-e-Rast began in Sawat in May 2009.
72. NAM Chairman is President Hussni Mubark of Egypt.
73. ICC chief is Haroon Lorgat of South Africa.
74. First East Timore President is Jose Gusmao.
75. The American Taliban captured in Afghanistan is John Walker Lindh.
76. President of Palestine is Mehmood Abbas.
77. RAW chief is K.C Verma.
78. Foreign Minister of UK is David Miliband.
79. FIFA President is Joseph Sepp Blatter.
80. Prime Minister of Australia is Kavin Rid.
81. US Secretary of Defence is Robert Gates.
82. Secretary General of SAARC is Sheel Kant Sharma.
83. OPEC chief is Abdullah Salem al-Badri.
84. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen.
85. Next Olympics will be held in London in 2012.
86. Next Hockey World Cup will be held in India in 2010.
87. Next World Cup of Cricket will be held in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh in 2011.
88. Next Football World Cup is to be held in South Africa in 2010.
89. Burj Khalifa — The Tallest Building in the World has 162 stories, 828 meters or 2,717 feet in height and was constructed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, inaugurated on 4th Jan: 2010.
90. NRO was promulgated on oct 5 2007 and has 7 sections.
91. Baluchistan Package was announced in joint Sitting of Parliment on 24th November.
92. Pakistan lift World T20 Cup, beat Sri Lanka by 8 wkts on 21 June 2009.
93. When kerry lugar bill was passed?Thursday, Sept 24, 2009
94. Luger Bill will provide Pakistan an aid of....1.5 billion dollars annually
95. Timeline of withdrawal of forces from Iraq by Obama...2011
96. The Way Of The World: A Story Of Truth And Hope In An Age Of Extremism by Ron Suskind
97. A book of 2008"A way of hope and extremism...... Ayesha Jalal

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